Advertisement

 

 

Association of diabetes mellitus with decline in ankle-brachial index among patients on hemodialysis: A 6-year follow-up study.

Association of diabetes mellitus with decline in ankle-brachial index among patients on hemodialysis: A 6-year follow-up study.
Author Information (click to view)

Chen SC, Lee MY, Huang JC, Mai HC, Kuo PL, Chang JM, Chen HC, Yang YH,


Chen SC, Lee MY, Huang JC, Mai HC, Kuo PL, Chang JM, Chen HC, Yang YH, (click to view)

Chen SC, Lee MY, Huang JC, Mai HC, Kuo PL, Chang JM, Chen HC, Yang YH,

Advertisement

PloS one 2017 04 1312(4) e0175363 doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0175363
Abstract

Peripheral artery occlusive disease is common among diabetes mellitus (DM) and end-stage renal disease patients, and tends to progress faster and lead to worse outcomes. This study compared the association of DM with the decline in ankle-brachial index (ABI) among patients on hemodialysis (HD). This was a longitudinal analysis of ABI in HD patients from 2009 to 2015. Medical records and yearly ABI values were obtained. A longitudinal mixed-model analysis was used to evaluate ABI changing trends while accounting for within-patients correlation. There were 296 patients on HD in the period of 2009-2015. In a 6-year follow-up, those with DM had a more rapid ABI decline compared to non-DM patients (slopes: -0.014 vs. 0.010 per year, interaction p < 0.001). In DM patients, female sex, high pulse pressure, high triglyceride, low creatinine, and high uric acid were associated with a decrease in ABI. In non-DM patients, old age, high pulse pressure, high low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and high uric acid were associated with a decreased in ABI. There were 49.6% of patients with a normal ABI experienced a decrease at least 0.1 of ABI from baseline, and 35.3% had a final ABI < 0.9 in patients with a baseline ABI ≥ 0.9 (n = 232). In this study, DM patients on HD tend to develop a more rapid decline in ABI than non-DM patients on HD. Age, sex, pulse pressure, lipid profile, creatinine, and uric acid are associated with a decreased in ABI.

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

twelve + twelve =

[ HIDE/SHOW ]