Lipids in health and disease 2018 04 1017(1) 75 doi 10.1186/s12944-018-0728-2
Metastasis associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) plays an important role in vascular remodeling. Down-regulation of MALAT1 can inhibit the proliferation of vascular endothelial cells and vascular smooth muscle cells, reduce cardiomyocyte apoptosis and improve left ventricular function, which is closely linked to numerous pathological processes such as coronary atherosclerotic heart disease (CAD). The aim of this study was to investigate whether polymorphisms in MALAT1 were associated with the susceptibility to CAD.
A total of 508 CAD patients and 562 age-, gender-, and ethnicity-matched controls were enrolled in this study. Four polymorphisms in MALAT1 (i.e., rs11227209, rs619586, rs664589, and rs3200401) were genotyped using a TaqMan allelic discrimination assay.
The rs619586 AG/GG genotypes and G allele were associated with a reduced risk of CAD (AG/GG vs. AA: adjusted OR = 0.66, 95% CI: 0.48-0.91; G vs. A: adjusted OR = 0.68, 95% CI: 0.51-0.90). Stratification analyses showed that CAD patients with rs11227209 CG/GG, rs619586 AG/GG, and rs3200401 CT/TT genotypes exhibited lower levels of TCH (P = 0.02, 0.04, and 0.02, respectively). Moreover, CGCC haplotype was associated with a decreased risk of CAD (OR = 0.28, 95% CI: 0.16-0.48). Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified some independent risk factors for CAD, including rs619586 and rs664589. Subsequent combined analysis showed that the combined genotypes of rs619586AG/GG and rs664589CC were associated with a reduced risk of CAD (OR = 0.29; 95%CI, 0.16-0.53).
These findings indicate that rs619586AG/GG genotypes in MALAT1 may protect against the occurrence of CAD.