Intradialytic hypertension (IDH) is a major problem of hemodialysis and it is a multifactorial disorder and need early identification and management.
Evaluate the serum concentration of endothelin-1 in patients with IDH and healthy control and the impact of pre-pro-endothelin gene polymorphism on level of endothelin-1 and susceptibility to IDH in Egyptian population.
The patient groups divided into group I, End stage renal disease (ESRD) on chronic hemodialysis with IDH (112); group II, ESRD on chronic hemodialysis without IDH (112); group III, healthy control (112). All undergone to full history, clinical examination, routine laboratory investigations, echocardiography, serum ET-1 level by ELISA and A(8002)G polymorphism detection in pre-pro-endothelin gene by PCR-RFLP.
Our results showed significantly higher concentration of Endothelin-1 (ET-1) in both patient groups than healthy control and in group with IDH than cases without IDH (p < 0.001). GG, GA and mutated G allele carry the risk of IDH (OR = 15.94, 13.5, 5.51 respectively p < 0.001). There was association between GG and GA genotypes and higher ET-1 level in both patient groups (p < 0.001) and association between GG and GA genotype and higher mean arterial pressure (MAP), delta MAP (DMAP) and increased left ventricular mass index (LVMI) in both patient groups (p = 0.001, 0.028).
Pre-pro-endothelin gene polymorphism A(8002)G is an independent risk factor for IDH through changing the level of ET-1 concentration in Egyptian population undergoing chronic hemodialysis.

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