Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.) 2017 07 16() doi 10.1002/oby.21907
The aim of this study was to examine the relationships of Cardiometabolic Disease Staging (CMDS), a validated five-stage system for assessing risk for diabetes, cardiovascular mortality, and all-cause mortality, with measures of individual engagement and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in the US adult population.
Data from the 2011-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used to derive the CMDS stages, five participant engagement measures, and four HRQOL measures among adult participants ≥ 40 years of age. Analyses accounted for the complex sampling design and sample weights.
Higher CMDS was associated with greater participant awareness of cardiometabolic risk, but after adjusting for covariates, only Stage 4 remained significant (odds ratio: 5.08; 95% CI: 3.25, 7.94). Higher CMDS was associated with receiving recommendations to engage in a healthy lifestyle, not meeting 2008 physical activity guidelines, and fewer leisure time moderate activities after controlling for covariates. For HRQOL measures, Stage 4 was associated with a higher likelihood of perceiving health as fair or poor (odds ratio: 4.85; 95% CI: 2.42, 9.73).
Higher CMDS was associated with greater individual awareness of risk, less leisure time physical activity, and worse self-rated health. CMDS is a clinically practical method for identifying individuals for targeted preventive strategies.