Atrial flutter (AFL) is one of the most common arrhythmias present in clinical practice, both for the GPs and cardiologist practice. After atrial fibrillation (AF) is second the most common supraventricular arrhythmia. This usually occurs along the cavo-tricuspid isthmus of the right atrium though atrial flutter can originate from the left atrium as well. As AFL is rarely susceptible to pharmacotherapy, that is why, the guidelines of the European and American Cardiology Societies suggest non-pharmacological treatment – an ablation, which is a “gold standard”. Due to the reentrant nature of atrial flutter, it is often possible to ablate the circuit that causes atrial flutter with radiofrequency catheter ablation. Catheter ablation is considered to be a first-line treatment method for many people with typical atrial flutter due to its high rate of success (>90%) and low incidence of complications. This is done in the cardiac electrophysiology lab by causing a ridge of scar tissue in the cavo-tricuspid isthmus that crosses the path of the circuit that causes atrial flutter. Eliminating conduction through the isthmus prevents reentry, and if successful, prevents the recurrence of the atrial flutter. Atrial fibrillation often occurs after catheter ablation for atrial flutter. We present an up to date overview of the most important information about AFL based on the available literature.
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