Little is known regarding the influence of psychosocial factors on dental caries at early adolescence. The study aimed to investigate associations between family environment, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oral health literacy (OHL) with dental caries experience in early adolescence. A cross-sectional study was conducted with a representative sample of 448 12-year-old adolescents at public and private schools in North-eastern Brazil. Parents/guardians and teachers answered the Brazilian version of the inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity subscales (SNAP- IV) for the evaluation of ADHD and a sociodemographic questionnaire. An OHL instrument (BREALD-30) and the Family Adaptability and Cohesion Scales (FACES III) were administered to the adolescents. Caries experience (DMFT) was the dependent variable. Data analysis involved Poisson regression with robust variance (α=5%). Adolescents with more symptoms of ADHD (teachers’ reports) (RR: 1.73; 95% CI: 1.31-2.28), those with lower OHL (RR: 1.59; 95% CI: 1.01-2.51), those with a lower family income (RR: 1.38; 95% CI: 1.03-1.83), and those from families with a greater number of residents in the home (RR: 1.18; 95% CI: 1.06-1.31) had greater caries experience. Family adaptability and cohesion were not associated with caries experience. Dental caries experience in early adolescence was influenced by symptoms of ADHD, OHL, and sociodemographic factors.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.