Questions regarding the role of the corpus callosum in attention are raised by the reports of attention problems in some persons with agenesis of the corpus callosum (AgCC), as well as by abnormalities in callosal size in persons with attention-deficit/hyperactive disorder. The current study assessed inattention, impulsivity, and vigilance in individuals with AgCC.
These domains of attention were assessed using the Conners’ Continuous Performance Test II in 18 older adolescents and adults (ages 16-52) with complete AgCC and normal intelligence (full scale intelligence quotient > 80). Scores were converted to scores using age-specific norms and assessed for departure from the normative sample.
Scores were significantly elevated in older adolescents with AgCC for errors of commission ( = .050, = 0.55) and detectability = .03, = 0.58). Older adolescents were worse than adults for commissions ( = .06, η² = .201) and detectability ( = .03, η² = .273). Also, male individuals had significantly higher (worse) scores than did female in vigilance ( = .01, η² = .337).
These results suggest moderate levels of difficulties in sustained attention in AgCC, particularly in maintaining response inhibition and in vigilance, that are modulated by age and sex. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).

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