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Audit on first seizure presentation to Taranaki Base Hospital: a secondary centre experience.

Audit on first seizure presentation to Taranaki Base Hospital: a secondary centre experience.
Author Information (click to view)

Lance S, Kumar R,


Lance S, Kumar R, (click to view)

Lance S, Kumar R,

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The New Zealand medical journal 2017 11 10130(1465) 89-95
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Management of first seizure should be based on treating the underlying cause and tailoring investigations to identify those patients at high risk of recurrence.

AIM
To establish the incidence of first seizure presentation to Taranaki Base Hospital and investigate the management of these patients.

METHOD
A retrospective audit was performed identifying patients presenting to Taranaki Base Hospital from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2015 with a first seizure.

RESULTS
Thirty-seven patients presented with their first seizure with 50% found to have an easily reversible precipitant. Forty-three percent had a history of previous brain insult and 52% had an abnormality identified on neuroimaging. Only 14% received formal neurology follow-up and only 8% had electroencephalography. Forty-three percent received chronic antiepileptic drug therapy and 27% had a recurrent seizure within 12 months. Only 43% had documented driving advice.

CONCLUSIONS
The incidence of first seizure presentation to Taranaki Base Hospital is similar to worldwide data. In general, patients receive basic investigations in keeping with international guidelines. This audit has helped to identify a number of areas to address with the current service provision, including ways to improve access to important investigations and ways to develop a guideline to standardise care.

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