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August 2017 Briefing – Radiology

August 2017 Briefing – Radiology
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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for August 2017. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Minimal Evidence for Electronic Communication Guidelines

THURSDAY, Aug. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Minimal evidence is available for guidelines for electronic communication between patients and providers, according to research published online Aug. 28 in the Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association.

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Many U.S. Women Unaware of Minimally Invasive Fibroid Tx

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Many American women with uterine fibroids don’t know there’s a minimally invasive embolization technique that may be an alternative to a hysterectomy, a new poll finds.

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Computed Tomography Useful for Staging Head, Neck Melanoma

MONDAY, Aug. 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Patients with head and neck melanoma benefit from the introduction of initial staging using computed tomography (CT), according to research published online Aug. 21 in Head & Neck.

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Increased Risk of MI, Stroke for Patients With Hip Fracture

THURSDAY, Aug. 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Patients with hip fracture have an increased risk of myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke, according to a study published online Aug. 21 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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Nurse-, System-Related Factors Analyzed in Wrong-Patient Events

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Greater focus is needed on correct identification processes in order to prevent wrong-patient medication administration incidents, and system supports for nurses are critical, according to a study published online Aug. 17 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

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NT-ProBNP-Guided Treatment No Benefit in High-Risk HFrEF

TUESDAY, Aug. 22, 2017 (HealthDay News) — For high-risk patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), an amino-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP)-guided treatment strategy does not improve clinical outcomes versus usual care, according to a study published in the Aug. 22/29 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Females Show Better Response to CRT in Esophageal Cancer

TUESDAY, Aug. 22, 2017 (HealthDay News) — For patients with locally advanced esophageal carcinoma who received neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT), female sex is associated with increased likelihood of achieving a complete or nearly complete pathologic response, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in the Annals of Thoracic Surgery.

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Mortality Estimates Favor Annual Mammography From Age 40

MONDAY, Aug. 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) — An annual screening mammogram starting at age 40 is the optimal strategy to avert an early breast cancer death, according to a study published online Aug. 21 in Cancer.

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Hours Worked Impacted by Kids for Female, Not Male Doctors

MONDAY, Aug. 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) — For women, but not men, in dual-physician couples, weekly hours worked are lower for those with versus those without children, according to a research letter published online Aug. 21 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Flexible Sigmoidoscopy Screening Reduces Mortality

MONDAY, Aug. 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Screening with flexible sigmoidoscopy reduces all-cause mortality, according to a research letter published online Aug. 22 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Aids PTSD in Eating Disorders

MONDAY, Aug. 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of the dorsomedial prefrontal cortex (DMPFC) seems to be beneficial for treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in patients with eating disorders, according to research published online Aug. 16 in the International Journal of Eating Disorders.

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Geriatric Consults Remain Rare in Kidney Cancer Care

MONDAY, Aug. 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Use of geriatric consultation remains sparse among older patients undergoing surgery for kidney cancer, according to a study published online Aug. 11 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Radioiodine Therapy for Thyroid Cancer Doesn’t Up Stroke Risk

FRIDAY, Aug. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Radioiodine (I-131) therapy for thyroid cancer is not associated with increased risk of stroke, according to a study published online Aug. 16 in Head & Neck.

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Worse Survival Seen for Alternative Vs Usual Cancer Rx

FRIDAY, Aug. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Patients who choose alternative medicine over traditional cancer treatments for curable cancers have a higher risk of dying early, according to research published online Aug. 10 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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Studies Used for FDA Approval of Device Changes Often Low Quality

TUESDAY, Aug. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Many studies used to support U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval of high-risk medical device modifications are not controlled; and efficacy of drugs granted accelerated approval is often confirmed three years after approval, according to two studies published in the Aug. 15 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Patient Profile Impacts QOL With Radiation Tx in Head, Neck Cancer

FRIDAY, Aug. 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) — There are patient characteristics and clinical factors independently associated with physical and mental quality of life (QOL) in patients with head and neck cancer undergoing radiotherapy, according to a study published online Aug. 2 in Head & Neck.

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Ultrasound Findings Correlate With Inflammatory Myopathies

FRIDAY, Aug. 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Ultrasonography findings seem to correlate well with the disease activity of idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs), and may be a useful tool for patient evaluation, according to a study published online Aug. 7 in the International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases.

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HTRA1 Mutations Tied to Cerebral Small Vessel Disease

FRIDAY, Aug. 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Heterozygous HTRA1 mutations may play a role in familial cerebral small vessel disease (SVD), according to a study published online Aug. 6 in CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics.

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Swallowing Exercises Rehabilitate Chronic Dysphagia

THURSDAY, Aug. 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) — A novel rehabilitative swallowing exercise program aids long-term head and neck cancer survivors with chronic dysphagia, according to a study published online Aug. 2 in Head & Neck.

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Neuroanatomic Anomalies for Deletion, Duplication at 16p11.2

TUESDAY, Aug. 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Carriers of a deletion or duplication at 16p11.2 have neuroanatomic abnormalities, which are associated with cognitive and behavioral impairment, according to a study published online Aug. 8 in Radiology.

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Few Skull Radiation Patients Show Cognitive Impairment

TUESDAY, Aug. 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) — The majority of patients undergoing skull base irradiation for cancer have no detectable cognitive impairment, but about one-third may have ambiguous results with a self-reporting tool, according to a study published online Aug. 1 in Head & Neck.

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Guidance Provided for Preventing Practice Billing Errors

MONDAY, Aug. 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Strategies can help to prevent medical practice billing errors, according to a report published in Medical Economics.

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Intervention May Cut Muscle Loss From RT for Head & Neck Cancer

MONDAY, Aug. 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) — An exercise and nutrition intervention is feasible for patients with head and neck cancer during or after radiotherapy, and the intervention is potentially effective in mitigating loss of muscle mass, according to a small study published online July 31 in Cancer.

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2D and 3D MRI Techniques Similar for Cardiac Measures

MONDAY, Aug. 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) — There is overall good agreement between two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques to measure the thoracic aorta and main pulmonary artery, according to a study published online Aug. 1 in the Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology.

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Seven Imaging Biomarkers Tied to Cognition in Male Fighters

FRIDAY, Aug. 4, 2017 (HealthDay News) — In active male professional fighters, a set of biomarkers is associated with cognition, according to a study published online July 25 in Radiology.

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Revenue Exceeds Expenditures for Many ABMS Member Boards

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 2, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Overall revenue exceeds expenditures for many American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) member boards, according to a study published in the Aug. 1 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Periodontal Disease History Linked to Increased Cancer Risk

TUESDAY, Aug. 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Among older women, periodontal disease history is associated with increased total cancer risk, and with increased risk of several specific types of cancer, according to a study published in the Aug. 1 issue of Cancer, Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

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