Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for August 2019. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Interest in Marijuana, Cannabinoids for Pain Rising Rapidly

FRIDAY, Aug. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — There is rapidly growing interest in the use of marijuana and cannabinoids for pain, according to a survey commissioned by the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA).

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CDC Boosts Efforts to Fight Congo Ebola Outbreak

FRIDAY, Aug. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has stepped up its efforts to help fight the Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).

More Information: CDC
CBS News Article

Massachusetts Communities at ‘Critical Risk’ for Mosquito-Borne Virus

FRIDAY, Aug. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — There is a “critical risk” for a dangerous mosquito-transmitted virus in 28 Massachusetts communities, the state health department warns.

CNN Article
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As Lung Injury Cases Rise, CDC Advises ‘Do Not Vape’

FRIDAY, Aug. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The number of people who have developed a severe form of lung disease potentially tied to vaping has now risen to 215 cases across 25 states, and federal health officials are recommending that Americans not use electronic cigarettes.

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CDC: Mumps Outbreak Reported in Migrant Detention Facilities

FRIDAY, Aug. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — There have been confirmed and probable mumps cases reported among adult migrants detained in facilities, according to research published in the Aug. 30 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Racial Disparities Persist in Breastfeeding in U.S. Infants

FRIDAY, Aug. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Disparities in breastfeeding between black and white infants partly result from disparities in breastfeeding initiation, according to research published in the Aug. 30 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Cerebrovascular Risk Factors May Up Risk for Parkinson Disease

FRIDAY, Aug. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Most cerebrovascular risk factors are associated with an increased risk for subsequent diagnosis of Parkinson disease, according to a study published online Aug. 29 in the Annals of Neurology.

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Type and Timing of Menopausal HRT Affect Risk for Breast Cancer

FRIDAY, Aug. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Use of menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) is associated with an increased incidence of breast cancer, according to a study published online Aug. 29 in The Lancet.

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Editorial

FDA: Risk From Tainted Blood Pressure Drugs Very Low

THURSDAY, Aug. 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The health risk from contamination of widely used generic blood pressure medications, angiotensin II receptor blockers, is very low, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

AP News Article
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CDC: January to July 2018 Saw Decrease in Opioid Deaths

THURSDAY, Aug. 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Opioid deaths decreased during January to July 2018, while deaths from illicitly manufactured fentanyl (IMF) increased during the same period, according to research published in the Aug. 30 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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WHO: ‘Dramatic Resurgence’ of Measles Occurring in Europe

THURSDAY, Aug. 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Vaccine refusals have contributed to a “dramatic resurgence” of measles in Europe, the World Health Organization says.

AP News Article
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U.S. Surgeon General Warns of Marijuana’s Effect on Developing Brain

THURSDAY, Aug. 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Marijuana use is risky for young people and pregnant women, a U.S. Surgeon General health advisory warns.

ABC News Article
Office of the Surgeon General

Elder Abuse Most Commonly Perpetrated by Family Members

THURSDAY, Aug. 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Elder abuse is most commonly committed by family members, according to a study published online July 31 in the Journal of Applied Gerontology.

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1984 to 2016 Saw Increase in Age of Death for HIV-Infected

THURSDAY, Aug. 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The mean age at death increased for patients with HIV infection from 1984 to 2016, according to a study published online Aug. 28 in the Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine.

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Low Micronutrient Levels Tied to Frailty in Older Adults

THURSDAY, Aug. 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Low levels of certain micronutrients are associated with measures of prefrailty and frailty in older adults, according to a study published online Aug. 7 in the Journal of Post-Acute and Long-Term Care Medicine.

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Cancer Survivors Face Long-Term Cardiovascular Risk

THURSDAY, Aug. 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Cancer survivors face an increase in the long-term risk for cardiovascular disease, according to a study published online Aug. 20 in The Lancet.

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Guidelines Updated for Vaccination in Multiple Sclerosis

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Guidelines have been updated on vaccinations in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS); a practice guideline update summary was published online Aug. 28 in Neurology.

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More Youth Being Exposed to Secondhand Aerosol From E-Cigs

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The proportion of youth exposed to secondhand aerosol (SHA) from electronic cigarettes increased in 2018, according to a study published online Aug. 28 in JAMA Network Open.

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Millions of Contigo Kids Cleanable Water Bottles Recalled

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) — About 5.7 million Contigo Kids Cleanable Water Bottles have been recalled in the United States because the clear silicone spout can detach and pose a choking hazard to children, the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) says.

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Vaccine-Related Searches on Pinterest Will Show Only Public Health Organizations

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) — From now on, vaccine-related searches on Pinterest will only produce results from public health organizations.

CNN Article

Central Obesity Tied to CAD in Postmenopausal Chest Pain

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For postmenopausal women with stable chest pain, central obesity, but not overall obesity, is associated with obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD), according to a study published online Aug. 28 in Menopause.

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Long-Term Night-Shift Work May Up Risk for Multiple Sclerosis

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A history of 20+ years of rotating night-shift work is associated with an increased risk for definite diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS), according to a study published online Aug. 12 in Occupational & Environmental Medicine.

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LV Hypertrophy Predicts Long-Term Risk for CV Events

TUESDAY, Aug. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Elevated left ventricular (LV) mass is associated with an increased long-term risk for cardiovascular (CV) events, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in Radiology.

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Decline in Mortality Rates for Cardiometabolic Disease Slowing

TUESDAY, Aug. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Age-adjusted mortality rates (AAMRs) for cardiometabolic diseases are continuing to decline but at a slower rate, according to a research letter published online Aug. 27 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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USPSTF Advises Broader Age Range for Hep C Screening

TUESDAY, Aug. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection screening for individuals aged 18 to 79 years. These recommendations form the basis of a draft recommendation statement published online Aug. 27 by the USPSTF.

Draft Recommendation Statement
Draft Evidence Review
Comment on Recommendations

Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids Have Little, No Impact on Diabetes

TUESDAY, Aug. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) have little to no effect on the prevention or treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus, according to a review published online Aug. 21 in The BMJ.

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Prenatal Exposure to OMT Does Not Worsen Neonatal Outcomes

TUESDAY, Aug. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Exposure to opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) in the womb does not seem to cause additional harm to newborns, according to a study published online Aug. 14 in Pharmacology Research & Perspectives.

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Psoriasis Independently Linked to Increased Mortality Risk

TUESDAY, Aug. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Psoriasis is significantly associated with an increased mortality risk, according to a study published online Aug. 12 in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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CT Scan Screen for Lung Cancer Can ID Smoking-Related Diseases

TUESDAY, Aug. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Lung cancer screening (LCS) computed tomography (CT) scans can be used to identify smoking-related conditions that frequently are associated with adverse events, according to a study published in the July issue of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases: Journal of the COPD Foundation.

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Few Oncologists Suggest Health Promotion to Cancer Survivors

TUESDAY, Aug. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Few oncologists and specialists recommend health promotion to cancer survivors, according to a study published online Aug. 26 in Cancer.

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Tourist With Measles Visited Southern California Attractions

MONDAY, Aug. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) — People who were at Disneyland and other Southern California tourist attractions earlier this month may have been exposed to measles by a tourist from New Zealand, say health officials from Los Angeles and Orange counties.

AP News Article

ACIP Recommendations Updated for 2019-20 U.S. Flu Season

MONDAY, Aug. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) relating to the use of seasonal influenza vaccines in the United States have been updated for 2019 to 2020; the updated recommendations have been published in the Aug. 23 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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PostRx Antimicrobial Stewardship Feasible in Community Hospitals

MONDAY, Aug. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Postprescription audit and review (PPR) is a feasible and effective strategy for antimicrobial stewardship in community hospitals, according to a study published online Aug. 16 in JAMA Network Open.

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Editorial

Most Teen Cannabis Users Have Used Cannabis Concentrate

MONDAY, Aug. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Nearly three-quarters of all adolescent cannabis users report use of cannabis concentrates, which are plant extracts that contain high concentrations of Δ-9-tetrahydrocannbinol (THC), according to a study published online Aug. 26 in Pediatrics.

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In-Store E-Cigarette Marketing Influences Use in Young People

MONDAY, Aug. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Recall of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) marketing at retail stores is associated with increased subsequent ENDS initiation among youth and young adults, according to a study published online Aug. 26 in Pediatrics.

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Liraglutide Ups Risk for Gallbladder, Biliary Tract Events

MONDAY, Aug. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) — There is an increased risk for gallbladder- or biliary tract-related events among patients with type 2 diabetes taking liraglutide versus placebo, according to a study published online Aug. 9 in Diabetes Care.

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Risk for Cardiovascular Disease Greater for Childhood Cancer Survivors

MONDAY, Aug. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Survivors of childhood cancer have an increased risk for all subtypes of cardiovascular disease (CVD), according to a research letter published online Aug. 26 in Circulation.

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Aerobic Exercise Programs Benefit Stroke Survivors

MONDAY, Aug. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Group-based aerobic exercise programs, like cardiac rehabilitation, provide benefits to stroke survivors, according to a review published online Aug. 14 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Peds Mortality Down for Presentation at ED With Higher Readiness

FRIDAY, Aug. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Presentation to hospitals with an emergency department with high levels of readiness to care for pediatric emergencies is associated with reduced mortality, according to a study published online Aug. 23 in Pediatrics.

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Patient Confidentiality Rule Changes Aim to Fight U.S. Opioid Crisis

FRIDAY, Aug. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Patient confidentiality rule changes meant to help fight the opioid crisis in the United States have been proposed by the federal government.

AP News Article

Most HPV-Linked Cancers Due to Types Targeted by 9vHPV Vaccine

FRIDAY, Aug. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Ninety-two percent of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related cancers are attributable to HPV types targeted by the 9-valent HPV vaccine (9vHPV), according to research published in the Aug. 23 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Weight Loss Feasible Regardless of Psychiatric Meds Use

FRIDAY, Aug. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Participants in a weight loss intervention can lose weight regardless of psychiatric medication use, according to a study published online Aug. 23 in Obesity.

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Prevalence of Celiac Disease High in First-Degree Relatives

FRIDAY, Aug. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The prevalence of celiac disease is higher among screened first-degree relatives (FDRs) of patients with celiac disease, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in the Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

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As-Needed Inhaler Use an Option for Children With Mild Asthma

FRIDAY, Aug. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Children with mild asthma can use inhalers as needed, according to a study published online July 30 in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice.

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Low-Cost, Fixed-Dose Polypill Reduces Risk for Major CV Events

FRIDAY, Aug. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Use of a four-component polypill can effectively reduce the risk for major cardiovascular events, according to a study published in the Aug. 24 issue of The Lancet.

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Hospitalizations With Psych Diagnosis Common in ESKD

FRIDAY, Aug. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Hospitalizations with psychiatric diagnoses are common in pediatric and adult patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) and are associated with increased mortality, according to a study published online Aug. 22 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Patient Voice

Reduction in PTSD Symptoms Linked to Decrease in T2DM

FRIDAY, Aug. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Clinically meaningful reductions in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms are associated with a decrease in the risk for type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online Aug. 21 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Antibiotic Use Tied to Higher Risk for Rheumatoid Arthritis

FRIDAY, Aug. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Antibiotic prescriptions are associated with a higher risk for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), according to a study published online Aug. 7 in BMC Medicine.

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Multidrug-Resistant Salmonella Outbreak Characterized

THURSDAY, Aug. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A recent multidrug-resistant (MDR) Salmonella enterica serotype Newport outbreak, affecting patients in 32 states, was associated with soft cheese and beef consumption, according to a report published in the Aug. 23 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Coverage With HPV Vaccine Continuing to Increase in Boys

THURSDAY, Aug. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Coverage with the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine increased among boys from 2017 to 2018, according to research published in the Aug. 23 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Opioid Addiction Treatment Used More in States That Expanded Medicaid

THURSDAY, Aug. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The use of the opioid addiction medication buprenorphine is much higher in states that expanded Medicaid under the Affordable Care Act than in those that did not expand the program, according to a new report from the Urban Institute, a nonprofit research group.

The New York Times Article
Urban Institute Report

WHO: Microplastics in Drinking Water Not a Health Risk

THURSDAY, Aug. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Levels of microplastics in drinking water do not appear to be a health risk, according to the World Health Organization. However, the U.N. health agency also noted that more research is needed into how microplastics may impact human health and the environment, the Associated Press reported.

AP News Article

More Physical Activity at Any Intensity May Reduce Mortality

THURSDAY, Aug. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For middle-aged and older adults, more physical activity at any intensity and less sedentary time are associated with a reduced risk for premature mortality, according to a review published online Aug. 21 in The BMJ.

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Editorial

Some Cities in Texas Susceptible to Measles Outbreaks

THURSDAY, Aug. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Some cities in Texas are susceptible to measles outbreaks, according to a study published online Aug. 21 in JAMA Network Open.

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Tuberculosis Rates for U.S. Children Are Low and Declining

THURSDAY, Aug. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Overall tuberculosis rates are low among children and adolescents and are declining steadily, according to a study published online Aug. 21 in The Lancet Public Health.

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Editorial

Many Providers Fail to Discuss Sun-Safe Behaviors With Patients

THURSDAY, Aug. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Less than half of health care providers discuss sun-safe behaviors with patients, according to a study published in the September issue of Preventive Medicine.

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Risk Factors ID’d for Worse QOL From Knee Osteoarthritis

THURSDAY, Aug. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) — It may be possible to identify persons at risk for suffering a worsening in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) due to knee osteoarthritis (OA), according to a study published online July 19 in PLOS ONE.

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Type 2 Diabetes Associated With Poorer Outcomes in Heart Failure

THURSDAY, Aug. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For patients with heart failure, type 2 diabetes is associated with structural changes in the heart, poorer quality of life, and increased mortality, according to a study published online Aug. 21 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Type 2 Diabetes Risk Up With Inflammatory Bowel Disease

THURSDAY, Aug. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have an increased risk for type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online Aug. 5 in Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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Type 2 Diabetes May Impact Sleep in Middle-Aged Women

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Middle-aged women with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have more sleep disturbances than women without diabetes, even when accounting for menopause and other health issues, according to a study published online Aug. 12 in Menopause.

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Serelaxin Does Not Lower CV Death in Acute Heart Failure

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) — An infusion of serelaxin does not result in a lower incidence of death from cardiovascular causes or worsening of heart failure among patients hospitalized for acute heart failure, according to a study published in the Aug. 22 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Short-Term Exposure to PM10 and PM2.5 Affects Mortality

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Short-term exposure to inhalable particulate matter (PM) with an aerodynamic diameter of 10 µm or less (PM10) and fine PM (PM2.5) is positively associated with daily all-cause, cardiovascular, and respiratory mortality in more than 600 cities, according to a study published in the Aug. 22 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Editorial

Taking Buprenorphine for Opioid Use Disorder May Up Other Med Compliance

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Using buprenorphine to treat opioid use disorder (OUD) may increase adherence to treatments for other chronic conditions, according to a study published in the September issue of Medical Care.

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Women With Diabetes More Likely Than Men to Not Take Meds as Prescribed

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Women with diagnosed diabetes are more likely than men to not take their medications as prescribed, according to an August data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

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High, Increasing BP in Midlife Tied to Brain Changes in Late Life

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) — There appears to be a correlation for high and increasing blood pressure (BP) from early adulthood and into midlife with white matter hyperintensity volume (WMHV) and smaller brain volumes at age 69 to 71 years, according to a study published online Aug. 21 in The Lancet Neurology.

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Quitting Smoking Linked to Lower CVD Risk Within Five Years

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Quitting smoking is associated with reduced rates of incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) within five years compared with current smoking, although the risks remain elevated after five years compared with never smoking, according to a study published in the Aug. 20 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Editor’s Note

Depression, Substance Use Increasing in Former Smokers

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Among former smokers, the prevalence of depression and substance use has increased over time, according to a study published online Aug. 20 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Family History of Diabetes Tied to Higher BMD in Normoglycemia

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Postmenopausal women with normoglycemia with a first-degree family history of diabetes (FHD) have elevated bone mineral density (BMD), according to a study published online Aug. 19 in Menopause.

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Planned Parenthood Withdraws From Federal Family Planning Program

TUESDAY, Aug. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Planned Parenthood is withdrawing from the U.S. government’s family planning program.

AP News Article

Some Pregnant Women Exposed to Common MRI Contrast Agent

TUESDAY, Aug. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A small but “concerning” number of pregnant women are exposed to a commonly used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent, often early in the pregnancy and likely before they are aware of the pregnancy, according to a study published Aug. 20 in Radiology.

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Certain Dietary Supplements Tied to Dysphagia, Choking in Seniors

TUESDAY, Aug. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Most reports of swallowing problems caused by dietary supplements involve seniors taking multivitamins or calcium supplements, according to a research letter published online Aug. 20 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Childhood-Onset IBD Ups Risk for Psychiatric Morbidity

TUESDAY, Aug. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Childhood-onset inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with an increased risk for psychiatric morbidity, including suicide attempt, according to a study published online Aug. 19 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Most U.K. Patients With UTI Receive Antibiotics on Same Day

TUESDAY, Aug. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) — More than 85 percent of patients with urinary tract infection (UTI) receive antibiotics the same day and more than half are treated with trimethoprim, according to a study published online Aug. 12 in EClinicalMedicine.

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Minority, Low-Income Individuals Less Likely to Receive Oral Cancer Screening

TUESDAY, Aug. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Despite a recent dental visit, more individuals of a minority race/ethnicity and low socioeconomic status report not receiving an oral cancer screening exam, according to a study published online Aug. 20 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Factors ID’d in Pregnancy Chances After Kidney Transplant

TUESDAY, Aug. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Rates of pregnancy following kidney transplant have remained steady, but Hispanic women are more likely to become pregnant in the three years following transplant than white women, according to a study published online Aug. 9 in PLOS ONE.

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Extreme Risk Protection Orders May Help in Averting Shootings

MONDAY, Aug. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The urgent individualized interventions to reduce firearm access, such as extreme risk protection orders (ERPOs), which provide a response when risk for imminent firearm violence is considered to be high, may play a role in preventing mass shootings, according to research published online Aug. 20 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Parents Divided on Primary Care Policies for Unvaccinated Patients

MONDAY, Aug. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Three in 10 parents say that their child’s primary care office should ask parents who refuse all vaccines to find another health care provider, according to an Aug. 19 Mott Poll Report.

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VA Mental Health Initiative Linked to Improved Access to Care

MONDAY, Aug. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Adding mental health specialists, care managers, or both to primary care clinics for veterans results in more visits for both mental health and primary care but also increases the average yearly cost per patient, according to a report published online Aug. 9 in Health Affairs.

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BP Outside of Clinic May Better Predict Outcomes in Black Patients

MONDAY, Aug. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Among African-Americans, higher daytime and nighttime systolic blood pressure (SBP) is associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) events and all-cause mortality independent of blood pressure (BP) levels measured in the clinic, according to a study published online Aug. 14 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Hypoglycemia Up With Intensive Glucose-Lowering Therapy

MONDAY, Aug. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Intensive glucose-lowering therapy is prevalent among U.S. adults with diabetes and results in hospitalizations and emergency department visits for hypoglycemia, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in the Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

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Alcohol Consumption in Pregnancy Ups Miscarriage Risk

MONDAY, Aug. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Alcohol consumption during pregnancy is associated with a dose-dependent increase in miscarriage risk, according to a review published in the August issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.

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Parent-Targeted Intervention Can Up Communication With Teens

MONDAY, Aug. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A parent-targeted intervention can increase adolescent-reported frequency of parent-adolescent communication (PAC) about sexual and alcohol use behaviors, according to a study published online Aug. 16 in JAMA Network Open.

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Pediatric Cannabis Exposure Up After Medical Legalization

FRIDAY, Aug. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Following medical marijuana legalization (MML) in Massachusetts in 2012, there was an increase in pediatric cannabis exposure, according to a study published online Aug. 16 in JAMA Network Open.

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Cases of Severe Lung Injury After Vaping Reported in Three States

FRIDAY, Aug. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Four cases of severe lung injury possibly linked with vaping in Minnesota are similar to dozens of cases in Wisconsin and Illinois. The patients had symptoms such as shortness of breath, fever, cough, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, dizziness, and chest pain, and some were hospitalized for “multiple weeks, with some patients being admitted to the intensive care unit,” according to a Minnesota Department of Health statement, CNN reported.

CNN Article
Minnesota Department of Health

Recommendations Developed for Management of Lyme Disease

FRIDAY, Aug. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The Infectious Diseases Society of America, the American Academy of Neurology, and the American College of Rheumatology have released a draft of their joint clinical practice guidelines for the management of Lyme disease.

Draft Guidelines
Draft Supplemental Materials
Comment on Guidelines

Up to Half of Patients Do Not Disclose Imminent Threats to Physicians

FRIDAY, Aug. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Up to 47.5 percent of patients withhold potentially life-threatening issues from their physicians, including depression, suicidal feelings, domestic violence, and sexual assault, according to a study published online Aug. 14 in JAMA Network Open.

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Mental Health Burden Increased for Gender-Minority College Students

FRIDAY, Aug. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Gender-minority (GM) students have an increased likelihood of having mental health problems compared with cisgender students, according to a study published online Aug. 16 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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More U.K. Pharmacies Giving Patients Pill Organizers

FRIDAY, Aug. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Pharmacies in the United Kingdom are giving out twice as many pill organizers as they were 10 years ago, according to a study published online July 27 in Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy.

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Intensive BP Therapy Not Beneficial in Nursing Home Residents

FRIDAY, Aug. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Long-term nursing home residents with hypertension do not experience significant benefits from more intensive antihypertensive treatment, according to a study published online July 22 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Diabetes Education, Support Cuts Hypoglycemia Risk

FRIDAY, Aug. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Diabetes self-management education and support can cut hypoglycemia risk, according to a review published in the August issue of The Diabetes Educator.

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Advertising Can Promote Interest in Health-Related Research

THURSDAY, Aug. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Advertising current local health-related research using large TV monitors in emergency department waiting rooms can increase the short-term interest in health-related research, according to a study published online Aug. 1 in BMJ Open.

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FDA Proposes Graphic Warning Labels on Cigarettes

THURSDAY, Aug. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Smokers would have to get past some gruesome imagery to purchase a pack of cigarettes under a new rule proposed Thursday by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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ACIP Recommends Catch-Up HPV Vaccines Through Age 26

THURSDAY, Aug. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Catch-up human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccinations are recommended for all persons through age 26 years and should be considered for some persons aged 27 to 45 years, according to research published in the Aug. 16 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Vaping Industry Group Sues to Delay FDA Review of E-Cigarettes

THURSDAY, Aug. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A vaping industry group has launched legal action to delay the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s upcoming review of electronic cigarettes.

AP News Article

Nonpersistence, Low Adherence to BP Meds Common in Under 65s

THURSDAY, Aug. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Nonpersistence and low adherence are common among younger adults initiating antihypertensive medications and have not improved over time, according to a study published in the July issue of Hypertension.

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CDC: Over One-Third of U.S. Youth Exposed to Secondhand Smoke

THURSDAY, Aug. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — More than one-third of U.S. nonsmoking youth are exposed to secondhand smoke (SHS) from tobacco, according to an August data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

Abstract/Full Text

2005-2016 Saw No Improvement in Diabetes Care Cascade

THURDAY, Aug. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — From 2005 to 2016, there was no improvement in the diabetes care cascade, according to a study published online Aug. 12 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Burden of Obesity-Associated Cancers Shifted to Younger Age Groups

THURSDAY, Aug. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — From 2000 to 2016, there was a shift of the obesity-associated cancer (OAC) burden to younger age groups, according to a study published online Aug. 14 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text

Antipsychotic Rx Patterns in Children With ADHD Concerning

THURSDAY, Aug. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Although the number of young people with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) who are treated with antipsychotic drugs is low, many antipsychotic prescriptions do not appear to be clinically warranted, according to a study published online July 26 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text

Model Predicts Hypoglycemia Risk in Adults With Diabetes

THURSDAY, Aug. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In a study published online Aug. 1 in Current Medical Research and Opinion, a predictive model is presented for hypoglycemia that combines nearly all known and readily assessed risk factors for hypoglycemia such as infection, non-long-acting insulin, and dementia.

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Evidence Supports Meds Used for Pain Relief in Pediatric Migraine

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Evidence-based therapies are available for the acute symptomatic treatment of migraine in children and adolescents, but evidence is lacking for the impact of many treatments for migraine prevention, according to two updated guidelines published online Aug. 14 in Neurology.

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Israeli Flight Attendant Dies of Measles

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) — An Israeli flight attendant and mother of three who contracted measles earlier this year died on Tuesday.

CNN Article

Gluten Intake, Celiac Disease Linked in Genetically Predisposed

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For children at increased risk, increased gluten intake during the first five years of life is associated with an elevated incidence of celiac disease autoimmunity and celiac disease, according to a study published in the Aug. 13 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Internet Self-Referrals Aid in Diagnosis of Rare Inherited Kidney Disease

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A considerable proportion of families diagnosed at an autosomal dominant tubulointerstitial kidney disease specialist center are the result of direct family referral from the internet, according to a study published online July 24 in Genetics in Medicine.

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CDC: Prescription Drug Use Similar in United States, Canada

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Use of prescription drugs is similar in the United States and Canada, with almost 70 percent of adults aged 40 to 79 years using at least one prescription drug, according to an August data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

Abstract/Full Text

Antiarrhythmic Drugs May Up Fall Injuries in Older A-Fib Patients

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Use of antiarrhythmic drugs (AADs) is associated with a higher risk for fall-related injuries and syncope among older patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), according to a study published online July 24 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Low Muscle Mass in the Arms, Legs Tied to Mortality in Elderly

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Low muscle mass is associated with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality risk in the elderly, according to a study published in the July issue of the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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Impulsivity Lower When Children Meet Sleep, Screen Time Guides

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Children who meet sleep and screen time recommendations have lower levels of impulsivity, according to a study published online Aug. 14 in Pediatrics.

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Adult Weight Gain Likely Explains Link Between Parity, T2DM Risk

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The seeming association between parity and risk for type 2 diabetes among postmenopausal women is likely explained by adult weight gain, according to a study published online Aug. 7 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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USPSTF Recommends Screening Adults for Illicit Drug Use

TUESDAY, Aug. 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening for illicit drug use in adults, but the evidence is inadequate to ascertain the balance of benefits and harms of screening in adolescents. These findings form the basis of a draft recommendation statement published online Aug. 13 by the USPSTF.

Evidence Review – Screening
Evidence Review – Interventions
Draft Recommendation Statement
Comment on Recommendation Statement

Non-Hospital-Based Provider-to-Patient Telehealth Use Growing

TUESDAY, Aug. 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Use of non-hospital-based provider-to-patient telehealth grew almost 1,400-fold from 2014 to 2018, according to a FAIR Health White Paper.

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BP From Midlife to Late Life Tied to Risk for Subsequent Dementia

TUESDAY, Aug. 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The risk for subsequent dementia is significantly increased for blood pressure patterns of midlife and late-life hypertension as well as midlife hypertension and late-life hypotension; and intensive blood pressure treatment is associated with a smaller increase in cerebral white matter lesion volume, according to two studies published in the Aug. 13 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text – Walker (subscription or payment may be required)
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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

‘Miracle Mineral Solution’ Is No Miracle Cure, FDA Warns

TUESDAY, Aug. 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Miracle Mineral Solution, which is sold online as a medical treatment, can cause serious and potentially life-threatening health problems and should not be bought or used by consumers, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says.

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Doctors Say New Drugs ‘Cured’ Two Ebola Patients

TUESDAY, Aug. 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) — New drugs cured two Ebola patients in Congo, showing that people can recover from the highly lethal disease if it is diagnosed and treated early, doctors say.

AP News Article

General, Abdominal Adiposity Linked to Mortality in Mexicans

TUESDAY, Aug. 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) — General and abdominal adiposity are associated with mortality in a population of Mexican adults, according to a study published online Aug. 13 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Type 1 Diabetes Misdiagnosed in One-Fourth of Children, Adults

TUESDAY, Aug. 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Type 1 diabetes diagnosis is missed less frequently when patients present during childhood or adolescence, but unlike in adults, misdiagnosis in childhood is associated with an increased likelihood of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), according to a study published in the July issue of Clinical Diabetes.

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One-Third of Physicians Will Take 10+ Years to Pay Off Debt

MONDAY, Aug. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Nearly two-thirds of actively practicing physicians are still carrying medical school debt, according to the Medical School Debt Report 2019, published by the staffing firm Weatherby Healthcare.

Medical School Debt Report 2019

Use of Technology Now Included in Standards of Diabetes Care

MONDAY, Aug. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A section on the use of technology in the management of diabetes has been added to the American Diabetes Association Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes; a clinical guideline summary was published online Aug. 13 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

EPA Will Not Approve Warning Labels for Glyphosate

MONDAY, Aug. 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) — Warning labels for the suspected cancer-causing weed killer glyphosate (Roundup) will not be approved by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

AP News Article

New Ebola Drugs Highly Effective, Might Shorten Outbreak in Africa

MONDAY, Aug. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Two experimental Ebola treatments have worked so well in the Democratic Republic of Congo outbreak that they will be offered to all patients, scientists say.

The New York Times Article

Psychotherapy Alone First Line of Treatment for Depressed Youth

MONDAY, Aug. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) should be the first line of treatment in younger patients with major depressive disorder before clinicians prescribe medication, according to a study published online July 29 in The Lancet Psychiatry.

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Flu Vaccine Tied to Better Long-Term Outcomes in Elderly ICU Survivors

MONDAY, Aug. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Among elderly patients, influenza vaccination is associated with a reduced risk for dying in the year following discharge from an intensive care unit (ICU), according to a study published in the July issue of Intensive Care Medicine.

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Hearing Loss Increases Risk for Dementia in Taiwanese Individuals

MONDAY, Aug. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Taiwanese individuals between the ages of 45 and 64 years old diagnosed with hearing loss are at a greater risk for developing dementia than those without hearing loss, according to a study published online July 31 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text

Few at Risk for Diabetes Report Being Informed by Provider

MONDAY, Aug. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Few patients with undiagnosed prediabetes are told that they are at high risk for diabetes, according to a study published in the July issue of Clinical Diabetes.

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Prescription Drug Misuse Common in High Schoolers

MONDAY, Aug. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Misuse of prescription drugs is common among high school students, and those misusing prescription drugs frequently obtain them from multiple sources, according to two studies published in the July issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.

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Excess Caffeine May Be a Trigger for Episodic Migraine Headaches

FRIDAY, Aug. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Higher levels of caffeinated beverage intake may be a trigger for migraine headache on that day among adults with episodic migraines, according to a study published Aug. 8 in the American Journal of Medicine.

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Endometriosis Tied to Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes

FRIDAY, Aug. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Laparoscopically confirmed endometriosis is associated with several adverse pregnancy outcomes, according to a study published online Aug. 7 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Ulcerative Colitis Outcomes Similar for Smokers, Nonsmokers

FRIDAY, Aug. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Smokers and nonsmokers with ulcerative colitis (UC) have similar outcomes, according to a study published online Aug. 6 in Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics.

Abstract/Full Text

HbA1c, BMI Linked to Stillbirth Risk in Women With Diabetes

FRIDAY, Aug. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Higher maternal hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels are associated with increased risk for stillbirth among women with type 1 diabetes, while higher BMI increases risk for women with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online July 29 in Diabetologia.

Abstract/Full Text

Guidelines Issued for Managing Hidradenitis Suppurativa

FRIDAY, Aug. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In a two-part guideline, published in the July issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, the United States and Canadian Hidradenitis Suppurativa Foundations present recommendations for the diagnosis, evaluation, and management of hidradenitis suppurativa.

Abstract/Full Text Part I
Abstract/Full Text Part II

Delayed/Foregone Care More Likely for Cancer Survivors With HDHPs

FRIDAY, Aug. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Cancer survivors with high-deductible health plans (HDHPs) are more likely to experience delayed or foregone care, according to a study published online Aug. 8 in the Journal of Oncology Practice.

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No Evidence for Benefits of Opioids After Pediatric Tonsillectomy

FRIDAY, Aug. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For children undergoing tonsillectomy, having perioperative opioid fills is not associated with return visits for pain or dehydration, according to a study published online Aug. 8 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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In 2018, 2,813 Cases of Domestic Arbovirus Reported in U.S.

THURSDAY, Aug. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A total of 2,813 cases of domestic arboviral disease were identified in 2018, of which 94 percent were West Nile Virus, according to research published in the Aug. 9 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text

Warnings Issued to Companies Illegally Selling E-Liquid, Hookah Products

THURSDAY, Aug. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Warning letters about 44 flavored e-liquid and hookah tobacco products being sold illegally in the United States have been sent to four companies, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says.

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FDA Reports More Seizures Among Vapers

THURSDAY, Aug. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — There have been 118 more reports of electronic cigarette users suffering seizures since the U.S. Food and Drug Administration first warned the public about the danger in April. That brings the total number of reported cases to 127 between 2010 and 2019, the agency said Wednesday.

Safety Reporting Portal
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NSAIDs Contribute to Increased CVD Risk in Osteoarthritis

THURSDAY, Aug. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Osteoarthritis (OA) is an independent risk factor for increased cardiovascular disease (CVD), and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) contribute substantially to this risk, according to a study published online Aug. 6 in Arthritis & Rheumatology.

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Younger CRC Patients More Likely to Present With Abdominal Pain

THURSDAY, Aug. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Younger patients with colorectal cancer are more likely to present with abdominal pain and via an emergency, according to a study published online Aug. 6 in Colorectal Disease.

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Persistent Inflammation After Sepsis Linked to Higher Mortality

THURSDAY, Aug. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — About two-thirds of patients who survive hospitalization for sepsis have persistent elevation of inflammation and immunosuppression biomarkers, which is linked to increased mortality, according to a study published online Aug. 7 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text

Fluoride Exposure Tied to Kidney, Liver Function Changes in Youth

THURSDAY, Aug. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Among U.S. adolescents, fluoride exposure is associated with changes in kidney and liver-related parameters, according to a study published online Aug. 8 in the Environment International.

Abstract/Full Text

Better CV Health in Midlife Tied to Reduced Dementia Risk Later

THURSDAY, Aug. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Adherence to the Life Simple 7 ideal cardiovascular health recommendations in midlife is associated with reduced incidence of dementia later in life, according to a study published online Aug. 7 in The BMJ.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Major Surgery Linked to Lasting Change in Cognitive Trajectory

THURSDAY, Aug. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Major surgery is associated with a small, long-term change in the average cognitive trajectory, according to a study published online Aug. 7 in The BMJ.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Children With Type 1 Diabetes Have Poorer Educational Outcomes

THURSDAY, Aug. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Children with type 1 diabetes have worse education and health outcomes than their peers, according to a study published online July 15 in Diabetes Care.

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Rate of Dual Burden 37 Per 10,000 Births in California

THURSDAY, Aug. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The dual burden of preterm birth and severe maternal morbidity (SMM) has a rate of 37 per 10,000 births in California, according to a study published online July 17 in the Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

Phone Consults Grow Mental Health Service Access for Children

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Children in states with statewide child psychiatric telephone consultation programs are significantly more likely to receive mental health services than children in states without such programs, according to a letter to the editor published online recently in the Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry.

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Nurse Intervention Using Tech May Improve PID Care in Youth

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Adolescent and young adult women with pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) are more likely to experience decreases in Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis positivity with a technology-enhanced community health nursing (TECH-N) intervention, according to a study published online Aug. 7 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text

Recent Stressful Life Events Linked to Later Verbal Memory Decline

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Middle-aged women, but not men, with a greater number of recent stressful life events have memory decline later in life, according to a study published in the July issue of the International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry.

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Some Cancer Trends Differ for Oldest Old in the United States

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Some cancer trends differ for U.S. patients aged 85 years and older, according to a study published online Aug. 7 in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians.

Abstract/Full Text

Medicare Spending on Essential Medicines Up 116 Percent From 2011 to 2015

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Spending associated with essential medicines grew substantially from 2011 to 2015 for Medicare Part D beneficiaries, according to a study published online July 17 in The BMJ.

Abstract/Full Text

At-Home Support Helps Stroke Patients Adjust After Hospitalization

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Stroke patients discharged with a case manager and access to an educational website reported significantly greater improvements in physical health after three months compared with those who had traditional care, according to a study published in the July issue of Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.

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Completion Rates of Recommended Vaccines Lower for Preemies

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Preterm infants, including those born late preterm, have a lower rate of completion of recommended vaccines by age 19 months, according to a study published online Aug. 7 in Pediatrics.

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Recommendations Developed for Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In an official American Thoracic Society clinical practice guideline, published in the Aug. 1 issue of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, recommendations are presented to guide management and improve outcomes for patients with obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS).

Abstract/Full Text

Plant-Based Diets May Lower CV Disease, Deaths in Middle-Aged

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Diets higher in plant-based foods and lower in animal-based foods are associated with lower risks for developing or dying from cardiovascular disease among middle-aged adults, according to a study published online Aug. 7 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

Abstract/Full Text

Common Therapy for Obstetric Cholestasis Found Ineffective

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For women with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy, treatment with ursodeoxycholic acid does not reduce adverse perinatal outcomes, according to a study published online Aug. 1 in The Lancet.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Exercise During Pregnancy May Boost Infant Development

TUESDAY, Aug. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Exercise during pregnancy may improve early neuromotor development of infant offspring, according to a study published in the August issue of Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise.

Abstract/Full Text

USPSTF Reaffirms Recs Against Screening for Pancreatic Cancer

TUESDAY, Aug. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends against screening for pancreatic adenocarcinoma as the potential benefits do not outweigh the potential harms. These recommendations form the basis of a final recommendation statement published in the Aug. 6 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Recommendation Statement
Evidence Report
Editorial 1
Editorial 2

High-Intensity Lipid Lowering May Aid Very Elderly After ACS

TUESDAY, Aug. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Among patients hospitalized for acute coronary syndrome (ACS), the greatest benefit from simvastatin-ezetimibe compared with simvastatin alone to lower lipid levels was observed in those 75 years of age or older, according to a study published online July 17 in JAMA Cardiology.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Bone Health Management Key in Childhood Cancer Survivors

TUESDAY, Aug. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — As part of a literature review, published in the June issue of the Annals of Oncology, recommendations are presented for the management of bone health in survivors of childhood cancer.

Abstract/Full Text

Infant Suffocation Deaths in Bed Increased From 1996 to 2016

TUESDAY, Aug. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — There were significant increases in infant mortality from accidental suffocation and strangulation in bed (ASSB) from 1999 to 2016, according to a study recently published in the Maternal and Child Health Journal.

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Children With ADHD Have Differences in Part of Brain Controlling Movement

TUESDAY, Aug. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may have differences in the brain that limit appropriate responses to “stop cues,” according to a study published online July 17 in Neurology.

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Transdermal Optical Imaging Shows Promise for Measuring BP

TUESDAY, Aug. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Transdermal optical imaging can be used to predict systolic, diastolic, and pulse pressure from facial blood flow data, according to a study published online Aug. 6 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Vaccination Does Not Up Risk for Developing Multiple Sclerosis

TUESDAY, Aug. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Evidence shows that vaccination is not associated with an increased risk for being diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS) within the next five years, according to a study published online July 30 in Neurology.

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DNA Methylation Classifier Predicts Progression in CIN2

TUESDAY, Aug. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A DNA methylation classifier can predict progression in young women with untreated cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 (CIN2), according to a study published online July 25 in Clinical Infectious Diseases.

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Lifestyle Counseling Frequency, CV Outcomes Linked in Diabetes

TUESDAY, Aug. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For hyperglycemic adults with diabetes, a higher frequency of lifestyle counseling is associated with a lower incidence of a composite outcome of death and cardiovascular events, according to a study published online Aug. 1 in Diabetes Care.

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Electric Fans Help in Hot, Humid Conditions but Not Hot, Dry Ones

MONDAY, Aug. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Electric fans reduce core temperature and cardiovascular strain and improve thermal comfort in hot, humid conditions but are detrimental for all measures in very hot, dry conditions, according to a research letter published online Aug. 6 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Vaping Likely to Blame for 14 Hospitalizations in Two States

MONDAY, Aug. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Possible vaping-related breathing problems have led to the hospitalization of 14 teens and young adults in two states. There were 11 cases of severe breathing problems in Wisconsin and three in Illinois, CNN reported.

CNN Article
Illinois Department of Public Health

Professional Coaching Can Reduce Emotional Exhaustion for Doctors

MONDAY, Aug. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Professional coaching can reduce emotional exhaustion, improve overall quality of life, and build resilience among physicians, according to a study published online Aug. 5 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

BP, Waist Circumference, Lipids Should Be Measured Regularly

MONDAY, Aug. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Blood pressure, waist circumference, fasting lipid profile, and blood glucose should be measured regularly to identify atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), according to guidelines published online July 31 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Abstract/Full Text

More Social Contact at Age 60 Linked to Lower Dementia Risk

MONDAY, Aug. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) — More frequent social contact during midlife is associated with a lower dementia risk and better cognitive trajectories, according to a study published online Aug. 2 in PLOS Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

Childhood Physical Activity Improves Lung Function for Adolescent Girls

MONDAY, Aug. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Girls who are more physically active in childhood may have better lung function in adolescence, according to a study published online July 3 in the International Journal of Epidemiology.

Abstract/Full Text

Risk for Cardiovascular Deaths Increased With Hip, Knee OA

MONDAY, Aug. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The risk for cardiovascular deaths is increased among patients with knee and hip osteoarthritis, according to a study published in the June issue of Osteoarthritis & Cartilage.

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Overweight, Obesity May Up Early Mortality Risk in Pediatric ALL

MONDAY, Aug. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For Mexican children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), overweight and obesity are predictors of early mortality, according to a study published online July 18 in BMC Cancer.

Abstract/Full Text

Study Explores Dose Ranges for Efpeglenatide in Early T2DM

MONDAY, Aug. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Efpeglenatide once weekly leads to dose-dependent reductions in glucose and body weight in patients with early type 2 diabetes, according to a phase 2 study published online July 18 in Diabetes Care.

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Premature Ovarian Insufficiency Tied to Poor Sleep Quality

MONDAY, Aug. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Women with premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) receiving hormone therapy have poor sleep quality, according to a study published online July 8 in Menopause.

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0.49 Percent of U.S. Population Reports Current Sesame Allergy

FRIDAY, Aug. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — An estimated 0.49 percent of the U.S. population reports a current sesame allergy, according to a study published online Aug. 2 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Risk for Developing Frailty High in Older Adults

FRIDAY, Aug. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Community-dwelling older adults are prone to developing frailty, according to a review published online Aug. 2 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

U.S. Air Force Orders Day Off Training to Focus on Suicide Epidemic

FRIDAY, Aug. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The U.S. Air Force has ordered a day off from training to focus on a suicide epidemic in its ranks.

CBS News Article

Brand-Brand Competition Has Not Cut Prices in Pharma Market

FRIDAY, Aug. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Brand-brand competition in the U.S. pharmaceutical market has not lowered drug list prices, according to a review published online July 30 in PLOS Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

AI-Enabled ECG During Normal Sinus Rhythm Identifies A-Fib

FRIDAY, Aug. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — An artificial intelligence (AI)-enabled electrocardiograph (ECG) acquired during normal sinus rhythm can identify individuals with atrial fibrillation, according to a study published online Aug. 1 in The Lancet.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Compliance With Meds Falters With Age in Youth Born With HIV

FRIDAY, Aug. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For adolescents with perinatally acquired HIV, the prevalence of medication nonadherence and unsuppressed viral load increases with age, according to a study published online July 3 in AIDS.

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Complementary Infant Feeding Guidelines May Lead to Overfeeding

FRIDAY, Aug. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Following existing complementary feeding guidelines for infants may result in overfeeding within the first year of life, according to a study published online July 25 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

Discontinuing Statins Linked to Cardiac Admissions in Elderly

FRIDAY, Aug. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For elderly patients taking statins for primary prevention, statin discontinuation is associated with an increased risk for admission for any cardiovascular event, according to a study published online July 30 in the European Heart Journal.

Abstract/Full Text

Age-Adjusted Drug Overdose Death Rate Higher in Urban Counties

FRIDAY, Aug. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In 2017, the age-adjusted rate of drug overdose deaths was higher in urban than rural counties, according to an August data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

Abstract/Full Text

Mediterranean Eating Plan May Help Keep T2DM Patients Off Meds

FRIDAY, Aug. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A Mediterranean eating plan (Med-EatPlan) plus extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) may delay the need for first glucose-lowering medication among participants with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published in the August issue of Diabetes Care.

Abstract/Full Text

Transmission Risks Up for HIV-Positive Injection Drug Users

THURSDAY, Aug. 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) — HIV-positive individuals who inject drugs are more likely to have a detectable viral load and engage in high-risk sexual behaviors, according to research published in the Aug. 2 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text

First Ebola Transmission in Congo City of Goma Reported

THURSDAY, Aug. 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The first transmission of the Ebola virus in Congo’s major city of Goma was announced Thursday by the country’s health ministry. It said that the disease has been confirmed in the 1-year-old daughter of a man who died of Ebola on Wednesday. The man had symptoms for several days while at home with his large family, CBS News reported.

CBS News Article

Trump Admin Announces Plan to Allow Drug Imports From Canada

THURSDAY, Aug. 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Americans could import less expensive prescription drugs from Canada under a plan being developed by the Trump administration.

HHS Press Release
PhRMA Statement

Recommendations Decreased for Cough, Cold Medicine in U.S.

THURSDAY, Aug. 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) — There has been a decrease in recommendations for opioid-containing and nonopioid cough and cold medicines (CCM) in the United States, according to a research letter published online July 29 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Childhood BMI, HDL-C Variability May Up Later-Life Diabetes Risk

THURSDAY, Aug. 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) — High variability in body mass index (BMI) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) during childhood are associated with an increased risk for later-life diabetes, according to a study published online July 18 in Diabetes Care.

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Infant Mortality Rates Highest for Non-Hispanic Blacks

THURSDAY, Aug. 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Mortality rates are much higher for infants of non-Hispanic black women than for infants of other race/ethnic groups, according to the Aug. 1 National Vital Statistics Reports, a publication from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Early Menarche Linked to Risk for T2DM in Rural Chinese Women

THURSDAY, Aug. 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For rural Chinese women, a history of early menarche is associated with an increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), with the correlation partially mediated by adult body mass index (BMI), according to a study published online July 29 in Menopause.

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Asthma Negatively Impacts Work Productivity Worldwide

THURSDAY, Aug. 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Worldwide, asthma patients report that work time is adversely affected by their condition, despite the use of long-term maintenance medication, according to a study published online July 11 in the Journal of Asthma and Allergy.

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One Dose of HPV Vaccine May Be Sufficient in Certain Situations

THURSDAY, Aug. 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) — One dose of prophylactic human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine may be as effective as two or three doses in preventing high-grade disease in a high-coverage setting, according to a study published online July 15 in Papillomavirus Research.

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