Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for August 2019. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Plasma Marker May Help Detect Traumatic Brain Injury

THURSDAY, Aug. 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Plasma concentration of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) can aid in detecting traumatic brain injury (TBI) by identifying patients with negative findings on computed tomography (CT) scan who might need magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and additional follow-up, according to a study published online Aug. 23 in The Lancet Neurology.

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Treatment Guidelines Updated for Ankylosing Spondylitis, Axial SpA

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In a special article published online Aug. 21 in Arthritis Care & Research, the American College of Rheumatology, Spondylitis Association of America, and Spondyloarthritis Research and Treatment Network present updated recommendations for the treatment of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and nonradiographic axial spondyloarthritis (SpA).

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LV Hypertrophy Predicts Long-Term Risk for CV Events

TUESDAY, Aug. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Elevated left ventricular (LV) mass is associated with an increased long-term risk for cardiovascular (CV) events, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in Radiology.

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CT Scan Screen for Lung Cancer Can ID Smoking-Related Diseases

TUESDAY, Aug. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Lung cancer screening (LCS) computed tomography (CT) scans can be used to identify smoking-related conditions that frequently are associated with adverse events, according to a study published in the July issue of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases: Journal of the COPD Foundation.

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Smaller + Larger Infarctions May Escalate Later Cognitive Decline

TUESDAY, Aug. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The combination of smaller and larger infarctions detected in stroke-free individuals in middle age is associated with substantial cognitive decline later in life, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Radiologists Performing More Paracenteses, Thoracenteses

FRIDAY, Aug. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The proportion of paracentesis and thoracentesis procedures performed by radiologists is continuing to increase, according to a study published online Aug. 14 in the Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology.

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High, Increasing BP in Midlife Tied to Brain Changes in Late Life

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) — There appears to be a correlation for high and increasing blood pressure (BP) from early adulthood and into midlife with white matter hyperintensity volume (WMHV) and smaller brain volumes at age 69 to 71 years, according to a study published online Aug. 21 in The Lancet Neurology.

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Some Pregnant Women Exposed to Common MRI Contrast Agent

TUESDAY, Aug. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A small but “concerning” number of pregnant women are exposed to a commonly used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent, often early in the pregnancy and likely before they are aware of the pregnancy, according to a study published Aug. 20 in Radiology.

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MRI Shows Vaping Has Transient Impact on Vascular Function

TUESDAY, Aug. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In healthy nonsmokers, inhaling nicotine-free electronic cigarette aerosol has a transient impact on endothelial function, according to a study published online Aug. 20 in Radiology.

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Air Pollutants Tied to Significant Worsening of Emphysema

FRIDAY, Aug. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Long-term exposure to ambient air pollutants, especially ozone (O3), is significantly associated with worsening emphysema, according to a study published in the Aug. 13 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Advertising Can Promote Interest in Health-Related Research

THURSDAY, Aug. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Advertising current local health-related research using large TV monitors in emergency department waiting rooms can increase the short-term interest in health-related research, according to a study published online Aug. 1 in BMJ Open.

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Radial Artery Access Used for Neuroendovascular Procedures

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Radial artery catheterization is an alternative approach to performing a wide range of neuroendovascular procedures and has a low rate of complications, according to a study published online July 17 in Stroke.

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AI Assists in Reading of Digital Breast Tomosynthesis Images

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Use of a deep learning artificial intelligence (AI) system for digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) images can improve cancer detection efficacy and reduce image reading time, according to a study published in the July issue of Radiology: Artificial Intelligence.

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Methylphenidate Tx Tied to Brain Changes in Boys With ADHD

TUESDAY, Aug. 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Treatment with methylphenidate (MPH) affects specific tracts in brain white matter in boys with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to a study published online Aug. 13 in Radiology.

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One-Third of Physicians Will Take 10+ Years to Pay Off Debt

MONDAY, Aug. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Nearly two-thirds of actively practicing physicians are still carrying medical school debt, according to the Medical School Debt Report 2019, published by the staffing firm Weatherby Healthcare.

Medical School Debt Report 2019

Aspirin May Improve Liver Function After Embolization of HCC

MONDAY, Aug. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Aspirin therapy can improve liver function and survival in patients who have received chemoembolization or transarterial embolization for hepatocellular carcinoma, according to a study published in the September issue of the American Journal of Roentgenology.

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AI Tool Discerns Lung Cancer Outcomes From Imaging Reports

MONDAY, Aug. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Deep natural language processing may be able to estimate the presence of active cancer, cancer worsening or progression, and cancer improvement or response from radiologic reports, according to a study published online July 25 in JAMA Oncology.

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Adjuvant RT May Cut Recurrence in Some With Prostate Cancer

MONDAY, Aug. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Adjuvant radiotherapy after radical prostatectomy compared with surgery alone may prolong biochemical recurrence-free survival in patients with locally advanced prostate cancer, according to a study published online July 29 in European Urology.

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Perfusion Assessment Key for Critical Limb Ischemia Diagnosis

MONDAY, Aug. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Strategies for perfusion assessment necessary for critical limb ischemia (CLI) diagnosis remain limited, according to an American Heart Association scientific statement published online Aug. 12 in Circulation.

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Delayed/Foregone Care More Likely for Cancer Survivors With HDHPs

FRIDAY, Aug. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Cancer survivors with high-deductible health plans (HDHPs) are more likely to experience delayed or foregone care, according to a study published online Aug. 8 in the Journal of Oncology Practice.

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Giant Cell Arteritis Occurs at Similar Rate in Blacks, Whites

FRIDAY, Aug. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Biopsy-proven giant cell arteritis (BP-GCA) occurs at a similar rate among white and black patients, according to a study published online Aug. 8 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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USPSTF Reaffirms Recs Against Screening for Pancreatic Cancer

TUESDAY, Aug. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends against screening for pancreatic adenocarcinoma as the potential benefits do not outweigh the potential harms. These recommendations form the basis of a final recommendation statement published in the Aug. 6 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Low Specificity Limits Use of Focused Cardiac Ultrasonography

TUESDAY, Aug. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Incorporating focused cardiac ultrasonography (FoCUS) into clinical examination has greater sensitivity, but not greater specificity, than clinical assessment alone for identifying left ventricular dysfunction and aortic or mitral valve disease, according to a review published Aug. 6 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Bone Health Management Key in Childhood Cancer Survivors

TUESDAY, Aug. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — As part of a literature review, published in the June issue of the Annals of Oncology, recommendations are presented for the management of bone health in survivors of childhood cancer.

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Guidance Issued for Research Use of Cardiac MRI After MI

MONDAY, Aug. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In a scientific expert panel consensus document, published in the July 16 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, recommendations are presented for how cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging after myocardial infarction (MI) is used in clinical research.

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Plasma Assay Promising for Diagnosis of Early Alzheimer Disease

FRIDAY, Aug. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Plasma β-amyloid (Aβ)42/Aβ40 corresponds with amyloid positron emission tomography (PET) status, according to a study published online Aug. 1 in Neurology.

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Brand-Brand Competition Has Not Cut Prices in Pharma Market

FRIDAY, Aug. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Brand-brand competition in the U.S. pharmaceutical market has not lowered drug list prices, according to a review published online July 30 in PLOS Medicine.

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Trump Admin Announces Plan to Allow Drug Imports From Canada

THURSDAY, Aug. 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Americans could import less expensive prescription drugs from Canada under a plan being developed by the Trump administration.

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Brain Aneurysm Risk Examined in Polycystic Kidney Disease

THURSDAY, Aug. 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Intracranial aneurysms are detected in 9 percent of patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) undergoing magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) screening, according to a study published online July 30 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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