Early diagnosis of lung cancer via computed tomography can significantly reduce the morbidity and mortality rates associated with the pathology. However, search lung nodules is a high complexity task, which affects the success of screening programs. Whilst computer aided detection systems can be used as second observers, they may bias radiologists and introduce significant time overheads. With this in mind, this study assesses the potential of using gaze information for integrating automatic detection systems in the clinical practice. For that purpose, 4 radiologists were asked to annotate 20 scans from a public dataset while being monitored by an eye tracker device and an automatic lung nodule detection system was developed. Our results show that radiologists follow a similar search routine and tend to have lower fixation periods in regions where finding errors occur. The overall detection sensitivity of the specialists was 0.67±0.07, whereas the system achieved 0.69. Combining the annotations of one radiologist with the automatic system significantly improves the detection performance to similar levels of two annotators. Likewise, combining the findings of radiologist with the detection algorithm only for low fixation regions still significantly improves the detection sensitivity without increasing the number of false positives. The combination of the automatic system with the gaze information allows to mitigate possible errors of the radiologist without some of the issues usually associated with automatic detection systems.
June 11, 2020
Pregnancy-related risk factors for sex cord-stromal tumours and germ cell tumours in parous women: a registry-based study.
April 28, 2020
November 9, 2020
January 30, 2020
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