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Bacterial diversity among four healthcare-associated institutes in Taiwan.

Bacterial diversity among four healthcare-associated institutes in Taiwan.
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Chen CH, Lin YL, Chen KH, Chen WP, Chen ZF, Kuo HY, Hung HF, Tang CY, Liou ML,


Chen CH, Lin YL, Chen KH, Chen WP, Chen ZF, Kuo HY, Hung HF, Tang CY, Liou ML, (click to view)

Chen CH, Lin YL, Chen KH, Chen WP, Chen ZF, Kuo HY, Hung HF, Tang CY, Liou ML,

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Scientific reports 2017 08 157(1) 8230 doi 10.1038/s41598-017-08679-3
Abstract

Indoor microbial communities have important implications for human health, especially in health-care institutes (HCIs). The factors that determine the diversity and composition of microbiomes in a built environment remain unclear. Herein, we used 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing to investigate the relationships between building attributes and surface bacterial communities among four HCIs located in three buildings. We examined the surface bacterial communities and environmental parameters in the buildings supplied with different ventilation types and compared the results using a Dirichlet multinomial mixture (DMM)-based approach. A total of 203 samples from the four HCIs were analyzed. Four bacterial communities were grouped using the DMM-based approach, which were highly similar to those in the 4 HCIs. The α-diversity and β-diversity in the naturally ventilated building were different from the conditioner-ventilated building. The bacterial source composition varied across each building. Nine genera were found as the core microbiota shared by all the areas, of which Acinetobacter, Enterobacter, Pseudomonas, and Staphylococcus are regarded as healthcare-associated pathogens (HAPs). The observed relationship between environmental parameters such as core microbiota and surface bacterial diversity suggests that we might manage indoor environments by creating new sanitation protocols, adjusting the ventilation design, and further understanding the transmission routes of HAPs.

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