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Balloon Eustachian tuboplasty under local anesthesia: Is it feasible?

Balloon Eustachian tuboplasty under local anesthesia: Is it feasible?
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Luukkainen V, Kivekäs I, Hammarén-Malmi S, Rautiainen M, Pöyhönen L, Aarnisalo AA, Jero J, Sinkkonen ST,


Luukkainen V, Kivekäs I, Hammarén-Malmi S, Rautiainen M, Pöyhönen L, Aarnisalo AA, Jero J, Sinkkonen ST, (click to view)

Luukkainen V, Kivekäs I, Hammarén-Malmi S, Rautiainen M, Pöyhönen L, Aarnisalo AA, Jero J, Sinkkonen ST,

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The Laryngoscope 2017 02 03127(5) 1021-1025 doi 10.1002/lary.26488
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
To study whether balloon Eustachian tuboplasty (BET) is a feasible and safe procedure under local anesthesia.

STUDY DESIGN
Prospective multicenter case-control study.

METHODS
Patients undergoing either BET (n = 13) or endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) (n = 12) under local anesthesia, with the possibility of sedation and analgesia, were monitored during the procedure and recovery period for possible adverse effects. After the procedure, the patients responded to a questionnaire assessing their experience.

RESULTS
No adverse effects were detected in the BET group. Patients in the BET group reported similar Visual Analog Scale scores for pain during the operation as the ESS group (5.0 ± 0.7 vs. 3.2 ± 0.7, mean ± standard error of the mean). However, patients in the BET group experienced more discomfort (4.2 ± 0.6 vs. 2.5 ± 0.3, respectively, P = 0.049). Seventy-seven and 92% of the patients in the BET and ESS groups, respectively, considered the anesthesia and pain relief to be sufficient. Patients from both the BET and ESS groups were almost devoid of pain 1 to 2 hours postoperatively (0.8 ± 0.2 and 1.4 ± 0.3, respectively). In total, 12 of 13 patients in the BET group, and all 12 patients in the ESS group, would choose local anesthesia with sedation and analgesia if they needed to undergo the same procedure again.

CONCLUSION
BET is a safe and feasible procedure under monitored anesthesia care, including local anesthesia along with sedation and analgesia. There is need for further methodological improvement to reduce pain and discomfort during the operation.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE
4. Laryngoscope, 127:1021-1025, 2017.

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