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[Benign liver tumours – current diagnostics and therapeutic modalities].

[Benign liver tumours – current diagnostics and therapeutic modalities].
Author Information (click to view)

Nagy G, Dezsõ K, Kiss G, Gerlei Z, Nagy P, Kóbori L,


Nagy G, Dezsõ K, Kiss G, Gerlei Z, Nagy P, Kóbori L, (click to view)

Nagy G, Dezsõ K, Kiss G, Gerlei Z, Nagy P, Kóbori L,

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Magyar onkologia 2018 01 3162(1) 5-13
Abstract

The most common benign liver tumours are haemangiomas, focal nodular hyperplasia and hepatocellular adenoma. We perform a review of the literature and show the current diagnostic and therapeutic modalities based on the EASL Clinical Practice Guideline. With the widespread use of ultrasound, the detection of liver lesions is increased. They are usually found in women of childbearing age with atypical abdominal pain or incidentally. Contrast-enhanced US, CT or MRI are usually necessary for differential diagnosis. In atypical appearance or in malignancy suspect cases biopsy could be performed. For symptomatic patients conservative therapy can be sufficient. In haemorrhagic cases transarterial embolisation can be useful, also for tumour size decreasing before surgery. In patients with persisting symptoms, with vessel or soft tissue compression effect or in malignancy suspect cases definitive surgical treatment is advised. In men with hepatocellular adenoma primary resection is appropriate because of the higher risk for malignant transformation. As alternative treatment options radiofrequency ablation, irradiation, chemotherapy, monoclonal antibody therapy or liver transplantation are published.

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