Initial experience with lung transplant of COVID-19-positive donors was marked by disappointing results, including a reported case of mortality through donor to recipient transmission of infection. However, since that time a number of improvements in preventative and therapeutic measures against COVID-19 have been developed. We present the case of a 51-year-old woman with scleroderma-associated interstitial lung disease who was awaiting lung transplant. A potential donor with excellent lung physiology was located; however, initial testing on bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was positive for COVID-19. The donor had tested positive 2 weeks prior and had symptomatically recovered. Our patient had been fully vaccinated but not seroconverted. Given the history of a donor with recovering COVID infection and a fully immunized recipient, our multidisciplinary team elected to proceed with the transplant. The patient successfully underwent bilateral lung transplant with standard induction immunosuppression. Bebtelovimab was given post-transplant day 1 because the recipient remained seronegative to COVID-19. Serial bronchoalveolar lavages post transplant have been negative for COVID-19. The patient has done well after transplant. She was seen in the clinic 2 months post transplant and is ambulatory without supplemental oxygen requirements. To our knowledge, this represents the first reported successful case of lung transplant with a donor positive for COVID-19 on lower respiratory tract sampling.
Published by Elsevier Inc.