Cellular transplant therapy is one of the most common therapeutic strategies used to mitigate symptoms of neurodegenerative diseases such as Huntington’s disease (HD). Briefly, the main goal of the present study was to investigate HD’s motor deficits through the olfactory ecto-mesenchymals stem cells (OE-MSC) secretome. OE-MSCs were characterized immunophenotypically by the positive expression of CD73, CD90 and CD105. Also, three specific markers of OE-MSCs were obtained from the nasal cavity of human volunteers. The main features of OE-MSCs are their high proliferation, ease of harvesting and growth factor secretion. All animals were randomly assigned to three groups: control, 3-NP + vehicle treated and 3-NP + Cell groups. In both experimental groups, the subjects received intraperitoneal 3-NP (30 mg/kg) injections once a day for five consecutive days, followed by the bilateral intra-striatal implantation of OE-MSCs in the 3-NP + Cell group. Muscular function was assessed by electromyography and rotarod test, and the locomotor function was evaluated using the open field test. According to our findings, striatal transplants of OE-MSCs reduced microglial inflammatory factor, the tumor necrosis factor (TNFα) in the 3-NP + Cell group, with a significant reduction in RIP3, the markers of necroptosis in striatum. In addition to the remarkable recovery of the striatal volume after engraftment, the motor activities were enhanced in the 3-NP + cell group compared to the 3-NP + vehicle group. Taken together, our results demonstrated the in vivo advantages of OE-MSCs treatment in an HD rat model with numerous positive paracrine effects including behavioral and anatomical recovery.
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