Drugs in R&D 2017 09 05() doi 10.1007/s40268-017-0205-9
The objective of this study was to determine the magnitude of drug interactions between the hepatitis C virus (HCV) protease inhibitor boceprevir (BOC) and antiretroviral (ARV) agents in persons with HIV/HCV co-infection.
Participants taking two nucleos(t)ide analogs with either efavirenz, raltegravir, or ritonavir-boosted atazanavir, darunavir, or lopinavir underwent intensive pharmacokinetic (PK) sampling for ARV 2 weeks before (week 2) and 2 weeks after initiating BOC (week 6) and for BOC at week 6. Geometric mean ratios (GMRs) and 90% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to compare ARV PK at weeks 2 and 6 and BOC PK at week 6 to historical data (HD) in healthy volunteers and HCV mono-infected patients.
ARV PK was available for 55 participants. BOC reduced atazanavir and darunavir exposures by 30 and 42%, respectively. BOC increased raltegravir maximum concentration (C max) by 71%. BOC did not alter efavirenz PK. BOC PK was available for 53 participants. BOC exposures were similar in these HIV/HCV co-infected participants compared with HD in healthy volunteers, but BOC minimum concentrations (C min) were lower with all ARV agents (by 34-73%) compared with HD in HCV mono-infected patients.
Effects of BOC on ARV PK in these HIV/HCV co-infected individuals were similar to prior studies in healthy volunteers. However, some differences in the effects of ARV on BOC PK were observed, indicating the magnitude of interactions may differ in HCV-infected individuals versus healthy volunteers. Findings highlight the need to conduct interaction studies with HCV therapies in the population likely to receive the combination.