Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic liver disease worldwide. The aim of this study is to investigate body composition and phenotype of Egyptian women with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and compare with those without and determine the optimal cut-off values of central obesity indices for predicting NAFLD.
The study included 100 women with NAFLD and 100 age and sex matched healthy controls without NAFLD. All women were subjected to ultrasonography examination. Anthropometric measurements included weight, height, waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (HC) and skinfolds thickness were assessed for all participants. Body fat % was evaluated by Tanita body composition analyzer. Body mass index (BMI), WC / height ratio (WHtR), WC / HC ratio (WHR) and visceral adiposity index (VAI) were calculated. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to determine the optimal cut-off values.
Data showed significant higher levels of WHtR, WHR, BMI, sum of skinfolds, body fat %, serum fasting blood lipids and glucose in NAFLD women compared to group of patients without NAFLD. The area under curve (AUC) was 0.920 for VIA, 0.883 for WHtR and 0.647 for WHR. The optimal cutoff value of VAI was 3.66, of WHtR was 0.66 and WHR was 0.84. All values showed high sensitivity and specificity values.
NAFLD women were obese, had excess subcutaneous fat and body fat ratio. Central obesity indices are closely associated with the presence of NAFLD in Egyptian women and might be responsible for its development. Visceral adiposity index had superior diagnostic performance.

© 2020 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.