Compared with the current standard of implanting bone anabolics for fracture repair, bone fracture-targeted anabolics would be more effective, less invasive, and less toxic and would allow for control over what phase of fracture healing is being affected. We therefore sought to identify the optimal bone-targeting molecule to allow for systemic administration of therapeutics to bone fractures.
We found that many bone-targeting molecules exist, but most have been developed for the treatment of bone cancers, osteomyelitis, or osteoporosis. There are a few examples of bone-targeting ligands that have been developed for bone fractures that are selective for the bone fracture over the body and skeleton. Acidic oligopeptides have the ideal half-life, toxicity profile, and selectivity for a bone fracture-targeting ligand and are the most developed and promising of these bone fracture-targeting ligands. However, many other promising ligands have been developed that could be used for bone fractures.