This study states that Creation of good long-term arteriovenous access is essential in patients requiring hemodialysis for end-stage renal failure. However, arteriovenous grafts or fistulae can be complicated by infection that may require emergency surgery. For infections that involve the brachial artery anastomosis, or if total graft explantation is indicated, brachial artery repair or reconstruction is often required. An alternative management strategy would be brachial artery ligation (BAL). We performed a systematic review to evaluate the outcomes of BAL that has been performed for infected arteriovenous grafts or fistulae. A thorough literature search was conducted using various electronic databases. We included articles that reported outcomes of BAL performed for infected arteriovenous grafts or fistulae. The primary outcome was the incidence of upper limb ischemia after BAL. Secondary outcomes were the need for urgent revascularization, need for upper limb amputation, and incidence of postoperative neurological deficit after BAL.

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