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Broad-spectrum antibiotics in Norwegian hospitals.

Broad-spectrum antibiotics in Norwegian hospitals.
Author Information (click to view)

Holen Ø, Alberg T, Blix HS, Smith I, Neteland MI, Eriksen HM,


Holen Ø, Alberg T, Blix HS, Smith I, Neteland MI, Eriksen HM, (click to view)

Holen Ø, Alberg T, Blix HS, Smith I, Neteland MI, Eriksen HM,

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Tidsskrift for den Norske laegeforening : tidsskrift for praktisk medicin, ny raekke 2017 03 07137(5) 362-366 doi 10.4045/tidsskr.16.0622
Abstract

BACKGROUND One of the objectives in the action plan to reduce antimicrobial resistance in the health services in Norway is to reduce the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics in Norwegian hospitals. This study describes the use of certain broad-spectrum antibiotics mentioned in the action plan in Norwegian hospitals, and assesses prescribing practices in relation to the Norwegian guidelines for antibiotic use in hospitals.MATERIAL AND METHOD Data were analysed from a nationwide non-identifiable point prevalence survey in May 2016 where all systemic use of antibiotics was recorded.RESULTS Broad-spectrum antibiotics accounted for 33 % of all antibiotics prescribed. Altogether 84 % of all broad-spectrum antibiotics were prescribed as treatment, 8 % were for prophylactic use, and 8 % were classified as other/unknown. Lower respiratory tract infections were the most frequent indication for treatment with broad-spectrum antibiotics, involving 30 % of all broad-spectrum treatment.INTERPRETATION This point prevalence survey in Norwegian hospitals in spring 2016 indicates a possibility for reducing the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics in the treatment of lower respiratory tract infections and for prophylactic use. Reduction of healthcare-associated infections may also contribute.

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