Pathogens and global health 2017 11 21() 1-9 doi 10.1080/20477724.2017.1401760
Objective : This study determined the prevalence of asymptomatic Plasmodium (P.) falciparum infection and anemia in adults living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) and compared malaria prevalence between 858 HIV-infected (PLHIV) and 272 uninfected individuals in Gabon where such information are lacking. Factors influencing malaria and anemia were also investigated.
PATIENTS AND METHODS
Participants were screened for malaria. Available hemoglobin level, socio-demographic and use of prevention or treatment data were compared between both groups.
The prevalence of asymptomatic parasitemia was 13.5%, lower in PLHIV (7.1%) than uninfected individuals (33.8%) (p<0.01). Among the PLHIV, females (p<0.01), those aged below 25 years old (p=0.03), those with primary education (p=0.03) and those with a CD4 cell count below 200/mm3 (p=0.03) had a higher median parasitemia. Cotrimoxazole use was associated with a lower prevalence of malaria (p<0.01). Age below 25 years was independently associated with malaria in PLHIV (p<0.01). Anemia prevalence was 42.1% among the PLHIV, higher in the youngest and those with low CD4 cell count (p<0.01). P.falciparum-infected PLHIV aged below 25 years old, not under ART, with low CD4 cell count and under cotrimoxazole had the lowest median hemoglobin level. CONCLUSION
The prevalence of asymptomatic malaria is low among the PLHIV while the burden of anemia is considerable. Age below 25 years and CD4 cell count are associated factors. The cotrimoxazole use reduces the frequency of malaria.