Asthma is characterized as inflammatory disorder in the respiratory system with increasing tendency. Most of the asthma patients suffered from the disease since childhood. Thus, developing novel therapeutic targets of childhood asthma is necessary. Here, we conducted the present study to investigate the effects of CTRP9 (C1q tumor necrosis factor-related protein 9), a newly identified anti-inflammatory factor, on asthma.
Sixty asthmatic children (30 moderate and 30 mild) were recruited. The mRNA level of CTRP9 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and protein level of CTRP9 in serum and induced sputum (IS) samples from asthma patients and healthy controls (HCs) were measured by qPCR and ELISA, respectively. The anti-inflammatory effects of CTRP9 was determined in vitro and potential therapeutic effect on asthma was evaluated in mouse model.
The mRNA and protein levels of CTRP9 was significantly down-regulated in asthmatics than HCs. Furthermore, the expression level of CTRP9 was negatively correlated with the expression of TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 in PBMCs. The CTRP9 significantly suppressed the expression of pro-inflammatory factors in PBMCs and sputum cells from asthma patients in vitro. And delivering CTRP9 into mouse model of asthma showed disease alleviation.
Our data here indicated that CTRP9 may alleviate airway inflammation and remodeling in asthma.

Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier B.V.