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Cancer risk factors among people living with HIV/AIDS in China: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Cancer risk factors among people living with HIV/AIDS in China: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Author Information (click to view)

Jin ZY, Liu X, Ding YY, Zhang ZF, He N,


Jin ZY, Liu X, Ding YY, Zhang ZF, He N, (click to view)

Jin ZY, Liu X, Ding YY, Zhang ZF, He N,

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Scientific reports 2017 07 077(1) 4890 doi 10.1038/s41598-017-05138-x
Abstract

Cancer is a leading cause of death among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate prevalence of cancer risk factors among Chinese PLWHA based on 102 articles. Random effects meta-analysis was used to calculate the summary prevalence estimate (sPrev) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for each cancer risk factor by demographic group. Overall, the sPrev for each risk factor among Chinese PLWHA was: 41.1% (95% CI: 35.3-46.9%) for current smoking; 30.3% (95% CI: 23.3-37.4%) for current alcohol consumption; 24.4% (95% CI: 14.7-30.2%) for overweight and obesity; 12.5% (95% CI: 10.6-14.3%) for hepatitis B virus infection; 29.1% (95% CI: 23.6-34.5%) for hepatitis C virus infection; 33.9% (95% CI: 24.3-43.5%) for high-risk human papillomavirus infection from cervical samples and 78.6% (95% CI: 69.4-87.7%) from anal samples; 2.7% (95% CI: 0.7-4.7%) for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) immunoglobulin M (IgM) positivity, 94.7% (95% CI: 90.7-98.8%) for EBV IgG positivity and 25.6% (95% CI: 12.4-38.8%) for EBV DNA positivity; 14.9% (95% CI: 12.4-17.4%) for human herpes virus 8 infection. The prevalence of major cancer risk factors was high among PLWHA in China, suggesting an urgent need for interventions to reduce cancer risk in this high-risk group.

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