Scientific reports 2017 07 077(1) 4890 doi 10.1038/s41598-017-05138-x
Cancer is a leading cause of death among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate prevalence of cancer risk factors among Chinese PLWHA based on 102 articles. Random effects meta-analysis was used to calculate the summary prevalence estimate (sPrev) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for each cancer risk factor by demographic group. Overall, the sPrev for each risk factor among Chinese PLWHA was: 41.1% (95% CI: 35.3-46.9%) for current smoking; 30.3% (95% CI: 23.3-37.4%) for current alcohol consumption; 24.4% (95% CI: 14.7-30.2%) for overweight and obesity; 12.5% (95% CI: 10.6-14.3%) for hepatitis B virus infection; 29.1% (95% CI: 23.6-34.5%) for hepatitis C virus infection; 33.9% (95% CI: 24.3-43.5%) for high-risk human papillomavirus infection from cervical samples and 78.6% (95% CI: 69.4-87.7%) from anal samples; 2.7% (95% CI: 0.7-4.7%) for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) immunoglobulin M (IgM) positivity, 94.7% (95% CI: 90.7-98.8%) for EBV IgG positivity and 25.6% (95% CI: 12.4-38.8%) for EBV DNA positivity; 14.9% (95% CI: 12.4-17.4%) for human herpes virus 8 infection. The prevalence of major cancer risk factors was high among PLWHA in China, suggesting an urgent need for interventions to reduce cancer risk in this high-risk group.