Carbon dioxide (CO) and methane (CH) produced by denitrification bioreactors in processing agricultural surface runoff have contributed to increasing proportion of greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions. It is the first time to monitor and quantify the emission flux of CO and CH produced by laboratory-scale denitrification bioreactors which recycled waste Cunninghamia lanceolata sawdust (CLS) and industrial sludge (IS) as fillers to process simulated agricultural surface runoff. Sludge-water ratio, inflow rate and water flow direction are used as experimental factors to study the effect on the emission flux of CO and CH. Results show that emission flux of CO from denitrification bioreactors with different sludge-water ratio approached 20 mg mh, simultaneously the average emission flux of CH produced by all bioreactors was 1.785 mg mh. The addition of sludge increased the emission flux of CH and had no significant effect on the emission flux of CO. Increasing the inflow rate reduced the CO emission flux from 21.57 to 1.27 mg mh, and at the same time increased the CH emission flux from 0.007 to 9.54 mg mh. The gravity flow of wastewater reduced the emission flux of CO and CH. The emissions of CO and CH from folded plate denitrification bioreactor with CLS and industrial sludge with a volume ratio of 1:2 can be reduced by 24.67% and 73.3%, respectively. There was no need to add special gas collection and treatment devices because CO and CH emission fluxes produced by the folded plate denitrification bioreactor and gravity denitrification bioreactor are not enough to increase the greenhouse effect. This study quantified the CO and CH produced by denitrification bioreactors filling CLS and IS, and provided a reference for future research on the gases produced by the denitrification process.
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