We evaluated the administration of ARI-0001 cells (chimeric antigen receptor T cells targeting CD19) in adult and pediatric patients with relapsed/refractory CD19 malignancies. Patients received cyclophosphamide and fludarabine followed by ARI-0001 cells at a dose of 0.4-5 × 10 ARI-0001 cells/kg, initially as a single dose and later split into 3 fractions (10%, 30%, and 60%) with full administration depending on the absence of cytokine release syndrome (CRS). 58 patients were included, of which 47 received therapy: 38 with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), 8 with non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, and 1 with chronic lymphocytic leukemia. In patients with ALL, grade ≥3 CRS was observed in 13.2% (26.7% before versus 4.3% after the amendment), grade ≥3 neurotoxicity was observed in 2.6%, and the procedure-related mortality was 7.9% at day +100, with no procedure-related deaths after the amendment. The measurable residual disease-negative complete response rate was 71.1% at day +100. Progression-free survival was 47% (95% IC 27%-67%) at 1 year: 51.3% before versus 39.5% after the amendment. Overall survival was 68.6% (95% IC 49.2%-88%) at 1 year. In conclusion, the administration of ARI-0001 cells provided safety and efficacy results that are comparable with other academic or commercially available products. This trial was registered as ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT03144583.
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