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Stroke

#VisualAbstract: Thrombectomy alone is inferior to thrombectomy plus alteplase for acute ischemic stroke

Aug 05, 2022

1. Fewer patients in the thrombectomy group achieved an MRS score of 0-2 at 90 days compared to thrombectomy with alteplase (57% vs. 65%). 2. Thrombectomy with alteplase resulted in significant...

Mechanical Thrombectomy After Stroke Improves Disability & Survival Outcomes

Jul 23, 2022

Strokes are the leading cause of death globally[1] and account for an estimated 140,000 deaths in the United States each year[2]. As medical professionals, it’s very important that we educate patie...

Adding ‘Cancer’ to Risk Calculator May Help Predict Stroke in AF

Jul 14, 2022

Adding “cancer” to the atrial fibrillation prediction model improved the predictability of assessing the probability of stroke-free survival in patients. Several risk assessment tools have ...

#VisualAbstract: New-onset atrial fibrillation following hospitalization for pneumonia associated with increased thromboembolic risk

Jun 29, 2022

1. New-onset atrial fibrillation following hospitalization for community acquired pneumonia was associated with higher subsequent thromboembolic risk. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) S...

Stroke volume variation for predicting responsiveness to fluid therapy in patients undergoing cardiac and thoracic surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

May 23, 2022

To evaluate the reliability of stroke volume variation (SVV) for predicting responsiveness to fluid therapy in patients undergoing cardiac and thoracic surgery.Systematic review and meta-analysis.PubM...

Reperfusion therapy for ST-elevation myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock: the European Society of Cardiology EurObservational programme acute cardiovascular care-European association of PCI ST-elevation myocardial infarction registry.

May 23, 2022

To determine the current state of the use of reperfusion and adjunctive therapies and in-hospital outcomes in European Society of Cardiology (ESC) member and affiliated countries for patients with ST-...

Integrated care for optimizing the management of stroke and associated heart disease: a position paper of the European Society of Cardiology Council on Stroke.

May 16, 2022

The management of patients with stroke is often multidisciplinary, involving various specialties and healthcare professionals. Given the common shared risk factors for stroke and cardiovascular diseas...

American Journal of Preventive Cardiology: Area Deprivation Index and Oral Anticoagulation in New Onset Atrial Fibrillation.

May 09, 2022

Oral anticoagulation is a standard of care for thromboembolic stroke prevention in individuals with atrial fibrillation (AF). Social determinants of health have had limited investigation in AF and par...

Risk Factors for LAAT in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation

May 03, 2022

Left atrial appendage depth (LAAD) and tachycardia bradycardia syndrome (TBS) are associated with left atrial appendage thrombus (LAAT) in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). ...

Longitudinal evaluation of treatment patterns, risk factors and outcomes in patients with cardiovascular disease treated with lipid-lowering therapy in the UK.

May 02, 2022

To compare treatment patterns, risk factors and cardiovascular disease (CVD) event rates in the UK from 2008 to 2017.Retrospective cohort study using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink.UK primary...

Genetic mouse models of autism spectrum disorder present subtle heterogenous cardiac abnormalities.

Apr 25, 2022

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and congenital heart disease (CHD) are linked on a functional and genetic level. Most work has investigated CHD-related neurodevelopmental abnormalities. Cardiac abnorma...

The Added Value of Atrial Strain Assessment in Clinical Practice.

Apr 25, 2022

Speckle tracking echocardiography has emerged as a sensitive tool to analyze myocardial function with improved diagnostic accuracy and prognostic value. Left atrial strain assessment has become a nove...

EXPRESS: Elevation of cardiac biomarkers in stroke is associated with pathological findings on cardiac MRI - results of the HEBRAS study.

Apr 18, 2022

IntroductionCardiac biomarkers, such as high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT), are frequently elevated in ischemic stroke patients but the mechanisms underlying this elevation are insufficient...

Neurodevelopmental and Mental Health Outcomes in Patients With Fontan Circulation: A State-of-the-Art Review.

Apr 04, 2022

Children, adolescents and adults living with Fontan circulation face numerous neurological and developmental challenges. As the population with complex CHD increases thanks to outstanding improvement ...

Breast Arterial Calcification Linked With CVD Postmenopause

Mar 23, 2022

“Calcium build-up within the middle layer of the breast’s arterial wall, known as breast arterial calcification (BAC), is commonly seen on mammograms,” explains Carlos Iribarren, MD, MPH, PhD. ...

Intracardiac versus extracardiac shunt in a young man with ischaemic stroke.

Mar 14, 2022

A 24-year-old man with a history of recent ischaemic stroke was diagnosed with patent foramen ovale (PFO) and referred for closure at our hospital. At admission, besides low peripheral oxygen saturati...

Machine Learning Techniques in Blood Pressure Management During the Acute Phase of Ischemic Stroke.

Mar 07, 2022

Elevated blood pressure (BP) in acute ischemic stroke is common. A raised BP is related to mortality and disability, yet excessive BP lowering can be detrimental. The optimal BP management in acute is...

Sleep Apnea Syndrome: Prevalence and Comorbidity with Other Non-communicable Diseases and HIV Infection, among Hospitalized Patients in Yaoundé, Cameroon.

Feb 28, 2022

Sleep apnea syndrome (SAS), a growing public health threat, is an emerging condition in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Related SSA studies have so far used an incomplete definition. This study is aimed at ...

Comparison of Clinical Features, Immune-Inflammatory Markers, and Outcomes Between Patients with Acute In-Hospital and Out-of-Hospital Ischemic Stroke.

Feb 21, 2022

We investigated the differences of clinical features, four immune-inflammatory markers, namely neutrophil counts, platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and systemic immun...

Cryptogenic stroke and TIA: Suggested diagnostic approach while waiting for evaluation and treatment guidelines.

Feb 14, 2022

Empiric strategies for secondary prevention in cryptogenic stroke and cryptogenic TIA are lacking. The best therapy to prevent recurrence depends on the cause of stroke. Attempting a correct diagnosis...