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Head Trauma

Immersive Real-Time Biofeedback Optimized With Enhanced Expectancies Improves Motor Learning: A Feasibility Study.

Jun 22, 2022

An Optimizing Performance through Intrinsic Motivation and Attention for Learning theory-based motor learning intervention delivering autonomy support and enhanced expectancies (EE) shows promise for ...

Effectiveness of a guideline implementation tool for supporting management of mental health complications after mild traumatic brain injury in primary care: protocol for a randomised controlled trial.

Jun 22, 2022

Mental health problems frequently interfere with recovery from mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) but are under-recognised and undertreated. Consistent implementation of clinical practice guidelines f...

Treatment Trends and Inpatient Mortality in Isolated Severe Traumatic Brain Injury Using the National Trauma Data Bank.

May 23, 2022

Severe traumatic brain injury remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Despite recommendations from the Brain Trauma Foundation, there is wide variability in treatment paradigms for severe ...

Equity and Disparities in Diagnosis, Management, and Research of Post-Traumatic Headache.

May 16, 2022

There are notable health disparities and inequities in individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and concussion by race, ethnicity, gender, socioeconomic status, and geography. This review will ev...

Prenatal and postnatal insults differentially contribute to executive function and cognition: Utilizing touchscreen technology for perinatal brain injury research.

May 09, 2022

The use of touchscreen technology to evaluate cognitive deficits in animal models has grown tremendously over the past 20 years. The touchscreen apparatus encompasses many advantages, namely a high ...

The diagnostic and prognostic value of glial fibrillary acidic protein in traumatic brain injury: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

May 09, 2022

Over the years, blood biomarkers have been extensively applied for diagnostic and prognostic assessment of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Herein, we conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the diagnostic...

Potential application of intranasal insulin delivery for treatment of intracerebral hemorrhage: A review of the literature.

May 02, 2022

Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a devastating subtype of stroke associated with high morbidity and mortality that is considered a medical emergency, mainly managed with adequate blood pressure contr...

Neck strength and concussion prevalence in football and rugby athletes.

May 02, 2022

To determine the maximal isometric neck strength of male and female rugby and football (soccer) athletes, and to investigate the relationship between neck strength and sport played, sex, age, anthropo...

Sports- and physical activity-related concussion and mental health among adolescents: Findings from the 2017 and 2019 Youth Risk Behavior Survey.

Apr 25, 2022

This study examined the association between self-reported sports- or physical activity-related concussion and symptoms of depression and suicidal behaviors (suicidal ideation, having a suicide plan, a...

Feasibility and preliminary efficacy for morning bright light therapy to improve sleep and plasma biomarkers in US Veterans with TBI. A prospective, open-label, single-arm trial.

Apr 18, 2022

Mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with persistent sleep-wake dysfunction, including insomnia and circadian rhythm disruption, which can exacerbate functional outcomes including mood, pai...

Factors related to the quality and stability of partner relationships after traumatic brain injury: A systematic literature review.

Apr 11, 2022

The latest literature review on partner relationships following traumatic brain injury (TBI), conducted a decade ago, discussed solely quantitative work and noted significant knowledge gaps. The curre...

Sleep Dysfunction in Adolescents With Prolonged Postconcussion Symptoms: A Reciprocal Coupling of Traumatic Brain Injury and Sleep-Related Problems.

Apr 04, 2022

Concussions are often neglected injuries that affect children and adolescents. Two physiological responses to a concussion are an ionic flux and an increased indiscriminate release of glutamate, which...

Susceptibility to epilepsy after traumatic brain injury is associated with preexistent gut microbiome profile.

Apr 04, 2022

We examined whether post-traumatic epilepsy (PTE) is associated with measurable perturbations in gut microbiome.Adult Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to Lateral Fluid Percussion Injury (LFPI). PTE ...

Zero retinal vein pulsation amplitude extrapolated model in non-invasive intracranial pressure estimation.

Mar 28, 2022

Intracranial pressure (ICP) includes the brain, optic nerve, and spinal cord pressures; it influences blood flow to those structures. Pathological elevation in ICP results in structural damage through...

Intellectual/developmental disabilities among people incarcerated in federal correctional facilities in Ontario, Canada: Examining prevalence, health and correctional characteristics.

Mar 28, 2022

There is little research with people who experience intellectual/developmental disabilities and imprisonment.The study linked health and correctional data to examine prevalence of intellectual/develop...

Hypertension and advanced age increase the risk of cognitive impairment after mild traumatic brain injury: A registry-based study.

Mar 14, 2022

As the global population ages, the incidence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) increases. While mild TBI can impair the cognitive function of older adults, the cause and background of mild TBI-induced c...

Deep Learning to Predict Traumatic Brain Injury Outcomes in the Low-Resource Setting.

Mar 07, 2022

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) disproportionately affects low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). In these settings, accurate patient prognostication is both difficult and essential for high-quality p...

Gender differences in disorders comorbid with posttraumatic stress disorder among U.S. Sailors and Marines.

Feb 28, 2022

Psychological comorbidity, the co-occurrence of mental health disorders, is more often the rule than the exception among individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Research shows that prev...

Physiology dictated treatment after severe trauma: timing is everything.

Feb 28, 2022

Damage control strategies in resuscitation and (fracture) surgery have become standard of care in the treatment of severely injured patients. It is suggested that damage control improves survival and ...

Accelerating susceptibility-weighted imaging with deep learning by complex-valued convolutional neural network (ComplexNet): validation in clinical brain imaging.

Feb 21, 2022

Susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) is crucial for the characterization of intracranial hemorrhage and mineralization, but has the drawback of long acquisition times. We aimed to propose a deep lear...