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Head Trauma

Exploring the outcomes and experiences of Black and White athletes following a sport-related concussion: a retrospective cohort study.

Aug 26, 2021

Young American athletes, at risk of sport-related concussion (SRC), represent many races; however, it is unknown how race may influence the experience and outcome of SRC. The authors' objective was to...

Time course of coagulation and fibrinolytic parameters in pediatric traumatic brain injury.

Aug 23, 2021

Coagulopathy is a well-recognized risk factor for poor outcomes in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Differences in the time courses of coagulation and fibrinolytic parameters between pediat...

Mortality from mental disorders and suicide in male professional American football and soccer players: A meta-analysis.

Aug 23, 2021

To determine the risk of mortality from mental disorders and suicide in professional sports associated with repeated head impacts.A systematic search was performed in PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, a...

Effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on depression and cognition in individuals with traumatic brain injury: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Aug 23, 2021

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is an FDA-approved therapy in major depressive disorder. However, its treatment efficacy on depression after traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains in...

Understanding loss to follow-up in a longitudinal study of people with traumatic brain injury.

Aug 19, 2021

To examine factors related to attrition in a traumatic brain injury (TBI) study sample assessed up to 15 years after injury.One thousand twenty-eight participants with TBI who completed the year 1 fo...

Nicotinic acid mononucleotide is an allosteric SARM1 inhibitor promoting axonal protection.

Aug 19, 2021

SARM1 is an inducible NAD hydrolase that is the central executioner of pathological axon loss. Recently, we elucidated the molecular mechanism of SARM1 activation, demonstrating that SARM1 is a metabo...

Novel microglia-mediated mechanisms underlying synaptic loss and cognitive impairment after traumatic brain injury.

Aug 19, 2021

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the leading causes of long-term neurological disability in the world. Currently, there are no therapeutics for treating the deleterious consequences of brain tra...

Improper Fit in American Youth Football Helmets Across One Competitive Season.

Aug 16, 2021

Improper helmet fit is related to sport-related concussion symptomology. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of improperly fit helmets in American youth tackle football players...

Post-concussive Signs and Symptoms in Preschool Children: A Systematic Review.

Aug 16, 2021

Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is common in children aged < 5 years, however, less is known about their experience of post-concussive signs and symptoms. This systematic review aims to ide...

Effects of CranioSacral therapy upon symptoms of post-acute concussion and Post-Concussion Syndrome: A pilot study.

Aug 16, 2021

The purpose of this study was to investigate the utilization of CranioSacral Therapy (CST) in patients with Post-Concussion Syndrome (PCS) and capture patient-reported perceptions of clinical outcomes...

High School Sports-related Concussion and the Effect of a Jugular Vein Compression Collar: A Prospective Longitudinal Investigation of Neuroimaging and Neurofunctional Outcomes.

Aug 12, 2021

Sports-related concussion (SRC) can exert serious acute and long-term consequences on brain microstructure, function, and behavioral outcomes. We aimed to quantify the alterations in white matter (WM)...

Interpreting Clinical Reaction Time Change and Recovery After Concussion: A Baseline Versus Norm-Based Cutoff Score Comparison.

Aug 12, 2021

Preseason testing can be time intensive and cost prohibitive. Therefore, using normative data for postconcussion interpretation in lieu of preseason testing is desirable.To establish the recovery traj...

Pathology of fatal diffuse brain injury in severe non-penetrating head trauma.

Aug 12, 2021

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is recognised as a serious global public health problem that imposes a heavy socioeconomic burden on society. The vast majority of cases result from road traffic accidents...

Investigation of the direct and indirect mechanisms of primary blast insult to the brain.

Aug 09, 2021

The interaction of explosion-induced blast waves with the head (i.e., a direct mechanism) or with the torso (i.e., an indirect mechanism) presumably causes traumatic brain injury. However, the underst...

Studying professional and recreational female footballers: A bibliometric exercise.

Aug 09, 2021

Research directed at soccer has seen dramatic growth in the last decade. While published research on soccer has shown exponential growth, the proportion of articles addressing females is lagging behin...

Vestibular-Evoked Myogenic Potential Outcomes Associated with Pediatric Sports-Related Concussion.

Aug 09, 2021

To 1) characterize vestibular-evoked myogenic potential responses in children and young adults with sports-related concussion (SRC) histories as compared with a normal healthy control group, and 2) co...

Neuroprotective effects of low-intensity transcranial ultrasound stimulation combined with Baicalin intervention on traumatic brain injury in animals.

Aug 05, 2021

Low-intensity transcranial ultrasound stimulation (LITUS) can improve the inflammatory reaction after traumatic brain injury (TBI), and Baicalin also has a good protective effect on TBI. The purpose o...

Derivation of a clinical score for prediction of recurrence following evacuation of chronic subdural haematoma: A retrospective cohort study at a national referral centre.

Aug 05, 2021

Chronic subdural haematoma (cSDH) is a common pathology and recurrence is a common complication, which may be predicted by certain radiological and patient factors. Empiric radiological surveillance h...

Aberrant modulation of brain activity underlies impaired working memory following traumatic brain injury.

Aug 05, 2021

Impaired working memory is a common and disabling consequence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) that is caused by aberrant brain processing. However, little is known about the extent to which deficits a...

Development of prognostic models for Health-Related Quality of Life following traumatic brain injury.

Aug 02, 2021

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of impairments affecting Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL). We aimed to identify predictors of and develop prognostic models for HRQoL following TB...