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Irritable Bowel Syndrome / IBS

Gastrointestinal involvement in IgA vasculitis: a single-center 11-year study on a cohort of 118 children.

Jul 19, 2021

Immunoglobulin A vasculitis (IgAV), the most common childhood vasculitis, is associated with gastrointestinal (GI) involvement in 50-75% of cases. The aim of this study was to describe the characteris...

Emerging Themes in the Molecular Pathogenesis of Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli.

Jul 19, 2021

Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) are ubiquitous diarrheal pathogens that thrive in areas lacking basic human needs of clean water and sanitation. These genetically plastic organisms cause treme...

Experimental considerations for the assessment of in vivo and in vitro opioid pharmacology.

Jul 15, 2021

Morphine and other mu-opioid receptor (MOR) agonists remain the mainstay treatment of acute and prolonged pain states worldwide. The major limiting factor for continued use of these current opioids is...

In Silico designing and immunogenic production of the multimeric CfaB*ST, CfaE, LTB antigen as a peptide vaccine against Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli.

Jul 15, 2021

Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) is the most frequent bacterial cause of diarrhea particularly reported in children of developing countries and also travelers. Enterotoxins and colonization fac...

Training of clinical triage of acute radiation casualties: a performance comparison of on-site versus online training due to the covid-19 pandemic.

Jul 15, 2021

A collection of powerful diagnostic tools have been developed under the umbrellas of NATO for ionizing radiation dose assessment (BAT, WinFRAT) and estimate of acute health effects in humans (WinFRAT,...

Pig vaccination strategies based on enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli toxins.

Jul 12, 2021

Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) are responsible for diarrhea in humans as well as in farm animals. ETEC infections in newborn, suckling, and especially in post-weaning piglets are associated w...

Multi-omics analyses show disease, diet, and transcriptome interactions with the virome.

Jul 12, 2021

The gut virome includes eukaryotic viruses and bacteriophages that can shape the gut bacterial community and elicit host responses. The virome may be implicated in diseases such as irritable bowel syn...

Prevalence of dysphonia due to COVID-19 at Salahaddin General Hospital, Tikrit City, Iraq.

Jul 12, 2021

Dysphonia is a feature of the COVID-19 disease with different prevalence rates of occurrence among various nations.To determine the prevalence of dysphonia in hospitalized patients with COVID-19 disea...

Gastrointestinal symptoms in patients with isolated oligodontia and a Wnt gene mutation.

Jul 08, 2021

Since Wnt signaling plays an important role in both tooth agenesis and altered intestine homeostasis, the aim was to compare gastrointestinal symptoms in patients with isolated oligodontia caused by a...

Food avoidance and restriction in irritable bowel syndrome: relevance for symptoms, quality of life and nutrient intake.

Jul 08, 2021

Neither food intake, nor the clinical characteristics of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients with severe food avoidance and restriction have been investigated. The aim of our study was to identify...

Lactobacillus casei protects intestinal mucosa from damage in chicks caused by Salmonella pullorum via regulating immunity and the Wnt signaling pathway and maintaining the abundance of gut microbiota.

Jul 08, 2021

Dysfunction of the intestinal mucosal barrier of chicks caused by Salmonella pullorum is of great harm to the poultry industry. Probiotics are recognized for their beneficial health-promoting properti...

Individual-based model for the control of Bovine Viral Diarrhea spread in livestock trade networks.

Jul 05, 2021

Bovine Viral Diarrhea (BVD) is a cattle disease that causes substantial financial losses, in particular to the dairy industry. Hence, several countries including Germany introduced compulsory disease ...

Acute graft-versus-host disease after liver transplantation in a close contact with COVID-19: A case report.

Jul 05, 2021

Acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) is a rare complication after liver transplantation that characterized by high mortality. We presented a case of aGVHD after orthotopic liver transplantation (OL...

Adherence to transanal irrigation in older adults: first-year assessment.

Jul 01, 2021

While the prevalence of chronic constipation and fecal incontinence increases with age, few data on transanal irrigation in older adults are available. The aim of this study was to assess the adherenc...

Molecular and physical technologies for monitoring fluid and electrolyte imbalance: A focus on cancer population.

Jul 01, 2021

Several clinical examinations have shown the essential impact of monitoring (de)hydration (fluid and electrolyte imbalance) in cancer patients. There are multiple risk factors associated with (de)hydr...

Aucklandiae Radix and Vladimiriae Radix: A systematic review in ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry and pharmacology.

Jul 01, 2021

Aucklandiae Radix (AR) and Vladimiriae Radix (VR), as commonly used traditional Chinese herbal medicine, were widely used in the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases. The two herbal medicines were w...

A model-based source separation algorithm for lung perfusion imaging using electrical impedance tomography.

Jun 28, 2021

Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) for lung perfusion imaging is attracting considerable interest in intensive care, as it might open up entirely new ways to adjust ventilation therapy. A promising...

Effects of Foods Fortified with Zinc, Alone or Cofortified with Multiple Micronutrients, on Health and Functional Outcomes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Jun 28, 2021

Seventeen per cent of the world's population is estimated to be at risk of inadequate zinc intake, which could in part be addressed by zinc fortification of widely consumed foods. We conducted a revie...

The effects of reflexology on anxiety, depression and quality of life in patients with gynecological cancers with reference to Watson's theory of human caring.

Jun 24, 2021

This study aimed to examine the effects of reflexology based on Watson's theory of human caring on anxiety, depression, and quality of life in gynecological cancer patients.The study was a prospective...

[Granulomatous colitis in a French Bulldog puppy].

Jun 24, 2021

A 6-month-old French bulldog was presented due to chronic large intestinal diarrhea of 4 months duration. The diagnostic procedures initiated by the referring veterinarian had resulted in a tentativ...