Infectious Disease

Risk of Adverse Birth Outcomes No Higher With TDF-FTC-LPV/r

Risk not higher compared with ZDV-3TC-LPV/r or TDF-FTC-ATV/r in HIV-infected women in the U.S.

Medicare Requiring Hospitals to Post Prices Online

Medicare would base part of a hospital’s payments on how easy it is for patients to access medical records

Five-Day Nitrofurantoin Beats Single-Dose Fosfomycin for UTI

Increased likelihood of clinical and microbiological resolution for uncomplicated UTI in women

Patients Prefer Doctors Who Engage in Face-to-Face Visits

Patients perceive F2F physicians as more compassionate and better communicators

C. Difficile Risk Higher With Stoma Reversal Versus Colectomy

Findings based on examination of 30-day postoperative period in large cohort

Metabolic Syndrome Common With Chronic Hep B Infection

Metabolic syndrome also associated with higher alanine aminotransferase levels longitudinally

Nonoptimized Drug Therapy Costs More Than $500 Billion Annually

After initial Rx use, average cost of individual having treatment failure, new medical problem over $2,000

TFs Operate Across Gene Loci Within Disease Phenotypes

Epstein-Barr virus EBNA2 protein binds to multiple loci of genome, increasing risk of 7 serious diseases

Recommendations Developed on Gender Equity in Medicine

ACP supports equitable physician compensation based on comparable work at each stage of career

It Costs $2.2 Billion a Year to Treat Antibiotic Resistance

Antibiotic resistance adds $1,383 to the cost of treating a bacterial infection

Negative Affect That Lingers Tied to Health 10 Years Later

Higher levels of lingering negative affect linked to more chronic conditions, worse functional limitations

Increased Prevalence of Depression, Anxiety After CRC

Older age, being male linked to less anxiety, more depression; less anxiety, depression with marriage

Recent Years Saw Increase in Burden of Prior Authorization

Ninety-two percent of physicians report PA-associated delays in patient access to care

About Half of Pregnant Women With HIV Have C-Sections

Increase in cesarean delivery among HIV-infected pregnant women from 1998 to 2013

ZIKV RNA Often ID’d in Semen of Men With Symptomatic Infection

Drop in ZIKV RNA shedding in semen seen within 3 months after illness onset but can persist longer

Considerable Differences in Burden of Disease at State Level

Increasing burden of various diseases depending on state; overall death rates declined

Suggestions Offered to Reduce Physician Frustration With EHRs

Eight suggestions include providing individualized optimization training to personalize EHR settings

Pharmacists Play Role in Cutting Hospital-Acquired Infections

Pharmacists involved in antibiotic surveillance, formulation of policies related to antibiotic use

Interns’ Schedule Takes Toll on Sleep, Physical Activity, Mood

Findings based on eight-month evaluation of new interns using Fitbit activity trackers

Online Doc Reviews Don’t Reflect Patient Satisfaction Surveys

No difference in Press Ganey PSS for physicians with versus those without negative online reviews

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