Infectious Disease

Combination Strategy Could Be Key in HIV Prevention

Research supports need for regimens that protect against several targets

Oral Beats Topical Isotretinoin for Treatment of Warts

Oral treatment shows better, earlier response than topical isotretinoin

Half of Repeat Antibiotics in Australia Extend Initial Rx

More than one in five occur at least one month after the initial prescription

ACP Does Not Support Legalization of Assisted Suicide

Legalization would affect trust in the patient-physician relationship, and in the medical profession

Post-C-Section Cephalexin, Metronidazole Cuts SSI Rate

Post-op course reduces rate of surgical site infection within 30 days of C-section among obese women

Expected Burden of Lung Cancer High for People Living With HIV

PLWH who adhere to antiretroviral tx but smoke are substantially more likely to die from lung cancer

Drills Assess ER Response to Communicable Disease

Median time from entry to masking was 1.5 minutes; from entry to isolation was 8.5 minutes

Are Physicians Obligated to Help on Planes?

One administrative physician explains his sense of obligation to help

‘Science Spin’ Found Prevalent in Biomedical Literature

Nature of spin varies, with highest variability in prevalence of spin seen in trials

Conjunctivitis Prevalence Higher for Adult Women Than Men

Bimodal age distribution; highest rates in children younger than 7, minor mode in early adulthood

EHR Data May Beat Claims Data in Assessing Sepsis Incidence

Based on clinical data, no change seen in incidence of sepsis, combined outcome of death or discharge

Doctors Spend Almost Six Hours Per Day on EHR Tasks

Clerical and administrative tasks including order entry, billing account for almost half of hours

Vaccine-Type HPV Rates Down for Unvaccinated Young Women

Significant decrease among unvaccinated women aged 18 to 26 years from 2009-2010 to 2013-2014

Physicians Tweeting About Drugs May Have Conflict of Interest

Physicians with financial conflict of interest often mention specific drugs for which they have a conflict

Twenty-Seven Viruses Can Be Found in Human Semen

Many viruses cause chronic or latent infection, and some cause acute infection, such as Zika and Ebola

Assay Can ID M. tuberculosis Resistance Mutations

Assay detects mutations associated with resistance to isoniazid, fluoroquinolones, aminoglycosides

Some Aspects of Empathy Improve During Medical Training

Decrease in empathy as assessed by JSPE, but overall cognitive empathy improved on the QCAE

Insurer Aetna’s Envelopes Revealed Customers’ HIV Status

Mail went to estimated 12,000 customers, and 23 complaints have so far been received

In HIV, Tissue Factor-Expressing Monocytes Trigger Coagulation

The anticoagulant Ixolaris blocked functional activity of tissue factor in vitro and in vivo

Zika Virus Preferentially Targets Glioblastoma Stem Cells

ZIKV preferentially infects, kills GSCs relative to differentiated tumor progeny, normal neuronal cells

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