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Infectious Disease General

Monovalent Vaccine Administration in Infants Receiving DTaP-based Combination Vaccines

Sep 22, 2022

Vaccinations against polio, whooping cough, Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib), and hepatitis B virus (HepB) are all given to infants in the first 6 months of life in the United States according to t...

Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness in Children and Adolescents in the United States in the 2019-2020 Season

Sep 22, 2022

Manufacturing influenza vaccines in eggs can lead to mutations that reduce antigenicity. The inactivated quadrivalent influenza vaccine (IIV4c) made from mammalian cells may be more effective than vac...

Spatiotemporal trends in US Rotavirus laboratory detections post-vaccine introduction 2009-2021

Sep 22, 2022

In the 15 years following the release of the first rotavirus vaccination in the United States in 2006, annual rotavirus activity in the country followed a clear spatiotemporal pattern, with the highes...

Congenital Toxoplasmosis with Concomitant Cytomegalovirus Infection in Dichorionic Twins

Sep 22, 2022

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) congenital infection and toxoplasmosis share comparable clinical manifestations. The long-term effects of both infections can be lessened with prompt diagnosis and treatment. Alt...

GI Manifestations With Acute SARS-CoV-2 Infection & MIS-C

Sep 22, 2022

Identify the frequency of gastrointestinal (GI) manifestations of acute coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and multisystem inflammatory syndrome in hospitalized children (MIS-C) and the outcomes that...

Active Surveillance With Seroprevalence-based Infection Rates: Racial Disparities With Pediatric SARS-CoV-2

Sep 22, 2022

There have been observed racial differences in the rates of SARS-CoV-2 infection, hospitalization, and multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C). These studies, however, have been incomple...

Tedizolid and Comparator Agent Activity in Pediatric Patients Against Gram-positive Isolates

Sep 22, 2022

The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) initially approved tedizolid in 2014 for the treatment of acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections in adults, and in 2020, the FDA increa...

Relapse Incidence & Predictors After Antiviral Therapy

Sep 22, 2022

In the case of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) in children, there are currently no predetermined cutoff points for treatment. The purpose of this research was to assess the frequency of relapse following th...

Bacterial Meningitis-associated Hydrocephalus Prediction Using Nomogram

Sep 22, 2022

With this study, researchers aimed to create a nomogram that could predict which children with bacterial meningitis would develop hydrocephalus. The children with bacterial meningitis admitted to a ho...

PRG & Recurrent Varicella: Overlapping Signs & Symptoms

Sep 22, 2022

A viral cause has been hypothesized for Pityriasis rosea Gibert (PRG) since its symptoms are similar to those of other prevalent infectious children disorders, but no agent has been discovered as of y...

Early Transition to Oral Antimicrobial Therapy in SAB & AHO Children

Sep 22, 2022

Acute hematogenous osteomyelitis (AHO) is commonly complicated by Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (SAB), yet there is a lack of information regarding the recommended time of parenteral antibiotics be...

COVID-19 in Children: Epidemiologic, Clinical Characteristics, & RT-qPCR Ct Values

Sep 22, 2022

SARS-influence CoV-2's on children was initially unknown. Real-time qPCR confirms COVID-19 diagnosis. RT-qPCR cycle threshold (Ct) values are inversely proportional to viral load and indirectly measur...

Acylcarnitines and Fat Oxidation Gene Genetic Variation in HIV-infected, ARV-treated Children With and Without Myopathy

Sep 22, 2022

Patients who have been exposed to antiretrovirals (ARVs) have been reported to experience mitochondrial toxicity leading to myopathy and lactic acidosis. Researchers have postulated that myopathy in A...

CRGNB Gut Decolonization in Neonatal & Pediatric Patients

Sep 22, 2022

Including carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative bacteria (CRGNB), the gut microbiome may be transformed into a reservoir of resistant organisms after antibiotic exposure. Little is understood about the r...

HIV Positive Women and Postpartum Contraception

Sep 16, 2022

For a study, researchers sought to understand that contrary to those without HIV, women with HIV had a higher rate of unplanned pregnancies. To lower the rate of perinatal HIV transmission globally, t...

VNS-CoNS Associated with Skin and Soft Tissue Infections

Sep 14, 2022

Infections of the skin and soft tissues caused by Vancomycin-nonsusceptible Coagulase-negative Staphylococci (VNS-CoNS) are becoming increasingly problematic as they spread throughout urban and rural ...

COVID-19 Vaccine Effectiveness, SARS-CoV-2 Variants & Age Comparison

Sep 14, 2022

In a study, researchers found that to combat the growing COVID-19 pandemic. In their study, they evaluated the effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccinations in reducing infections and mortality caused by COV...

Acute Cholangitis with Septic Shock Induced by E. tarda

Sep 14, 2022

Researchers discovered Edwardsiella tarda (E. tarda), a gram-negative, facultative anaerobic bacteria. Gastroenteritis is the most common sign of an E. tarda infection. However, parenteral infections ...

MRSA Strains: Antibacterial Activity of Recently Approved Antibiotics

Sep 14, 2022

Because of the scarcity of effective treatments, infections caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are widely recognized as a serious public health issue. As a result, researcher...

COVID-19 Reduces Surgical Volume Across All Subspecialties & Levels of Care

Sep 14, 2022

The pandemic delayed surgeries across all subspecialties and levels of care in both the acute phase of the pandemic and after the release of COVID-19 vaccines. “It is important to evaluate ou...