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Infectious Disease General

GI Manifestations With Acute SARS-CoV-2 Infection & MIS-C

Sep 22, 2022

Identify the frequency of gastrointestinal (GI) manifestations of acute coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and multisystem inflammatory syndrome in hospitalized children (MIS-C) and the outcomes that...

Active Surveillance With Seroprevalence-based Infection Rates: Racial Disparities With Pediatric SARS-CoV-2

Sep 22, 2022

There have been observed racial differences in the rates of SARS-CoV-2 infection, hospitalization, and multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C). These studies, however, have been incomple...

Tedizolid and Comparator Agent Activity in Pediatric Patients Against Gram-positive Isolates

Sep 22, 2022

The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) initially approved tedizolid in 2014 for the treatment of acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections in adults, and in 2020, the FDA increa...

Relapse Incidence & Predictors After Antiviral Therapy

Sep 22, 2022

In the case of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) in children, there are currently no predetermined cutoff points for treatment. The purpose of this research was to assess the frequency of relapse following th...

Bacterial Meningitis-associated Hydrocephalus Prediction Using Nomogram

Sep 22, 2022

With this study, researchers aimed to create a nomogram that could predict which children with bacterial meningitis would develop hydrocephalus. The children with bacterial meningitis admitted to a ho...

PRG & Recurrent Varicella: Overlapping Signs & Symptoms

Sep 22, 2022

A viral cause has been hypothesized for Pityriasis rosea Gibert (PRG) since its symptoms are similar to those of other prevalent infectious children disorders, but no agent has been discovered as of y...

Early Transition to Oral Antimicrobial Therapy in SAB & AHO Children

Sep 22, 2022

Acute hematogenous osteomyelitis (AHO) is commonly complicated by Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (SAB), yet there is a lack of information regarding the recommended time of parenteral antibiotics be...

COVID-19 in Children: Epidemiologic, Clinical Characteristics, & RT-qPCR Ct Values

Sep 22, 2022

SARS-influence CoV-2's on children was initially unknown. Real-time qPCR confirms COVID-19 diagnosis. RT-qPCR cycle threshold (Ct) values are inversely proportional to viral load and indirectly measur...

Acylcarnitines and Fat Oxidation Gene Genetic Variation in HIV-infected, ARV-treated Children With and Without Myopathy

Sep 22, 2022

Patients who have been exposed to antiretrovirals (ARVs) have been reported to experience mitochondrial toxicity leading to myopathy and lactic acidosis. Researchers have postulated that myopathy in A...

CRGNB Gut Decolonization in Neonatal & Pediatric Patients

Sep 22, 2022

Including carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative bacteria (CRGNB), the gut microbiome may be transformed into a reservoir of resistant organisms after antibiotic exposure. Little is understood about the r...

HIV Positive Women and Postpartum Contraception

Sep 16, 2022

For a study, researchers sought to understand that contrary to those without HIV, women with HIV had a higher rate of unplanned pregnancies. To lower the rate of perinatal HIV transmission globally, t...

VNS-CoNS Associated with Skin and Soft Tissue Infections

Sep 14, 2022

Infections of the skin and soft tissues caused by Vancomycin-nonsusceptible Coagulase-negative Staphylococci (VNS-CoNS) are becoming increasingly problematic as they spread throughout urban and rural ...

COVID-19 Vaccine Effectiveness, SARS-CoV-2 Variants & Age Comparison

Sep 14, 2022

In a study, researchers found that to combat the growing COVID-19 pandemic. In their study, they evaluated the effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccinations in reducing infections and mortality caused by COV...

Acute Cholangitis with Septic Shock Induced by E. tarda

Sep 14, 2022

Researchers discovered Edwardsiella tarda (E. tarda), a gram-negative, facultative anaerobic bacteria. Gastroenteritis is the most common sign of an E. tarda infection. However, parenteral infections ...

MRSA Strains: Antibacterial Activity of Recently Approved Antibiotics

Sep 14, 2022

Because of the scarcity of effective treatments, infections caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are widely recognized as a serious public health issue. As a result, researcher...

COVID-19 Reduces Surgical Volume Across All Subspecialties & Levels of Care

Sep 14, 2022

The pandemic delayed surgeries across all subspecialties and levels of care in both the acute phase of the pandemic and after the release of COVID-19 vaccines. “It is important to evaluate ou...

Patients with Genotypic NRTI Resistance Treated with Bictegravir/Emtricitabine/Tenofovir Alafenamide

Sep 13, 2022

There is no known resistance to the individual components of the HIV medication bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (B/F/TAF). The effectiveness of B/F/TAF has been demonstrated in several...

D/C/F/TAF in Treatment-naïve (AMBER) & Virologically Suppressed (EMERALD)

Sep 13, 2022

The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety results for AMBER and EMERALD patients with and without baseline neurological and/or psychiatric comorbidities (NPCs). Both the AMBER a...

Compassionate Use of LA Cabotegravir Plus Rilpivirine for HIV-1 Patients

Sep 13, 2022

ViiV Healthcare and Janssen backed a single-patient request program where doctors could seek compassionate use of oral and long-acting (LA) cabotegravir + rilpivirine for persons living with HIV-1.  ...

Premature, Accentuated, and Accelerated Aging in HIV People

Sep 13, 2022

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV's) effect on how one age is controversial and poorly understood. Researchers compared the occurrence of 4 age-related non-communicable diseases in those with and with...