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Hepatitis

Understanding the Relationship Between Official and Social Information About Infectious Disease: Experimental Analysis.

Nov 29, 2021

Communicating official public health information about infectious diseases is complicated by the fact that individuals receive much of their information from their social contacts, either via interper...

Medical check-up of newly arrived unaccompanied minors: A dedicated pediatric consultation service in a hospital.

Nov 15, 2021

Healthcare for the increasing number of migrants in Europe, and particularly of unaccompanied minors (UMs) seeking asylum, has become a major challenge. We aimed to describe the health issues of UMs m...

Multicenter Performance Evaluation of Elecsys Anti-HBc II, Anti-HCV II, HIV combi PT, HBsAg II, and Syphilis Immunoassays.

Nov 15, 2021

The WHO recommends mandatory serological testing of blood donors for hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus (HCV), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and syphilis. We evaluated the performance of Elecs...

Modeling hepatitis C virus kinetics during liver transplantation reveals the role of the liver in virus clearance.

Nov 08, 2021

While the liver, specifically hepatocytes, are widely accepted as the main source of hepatitis C virus (HCV) production, the role of the liver/hepatocytes in clearance of circulating HCV remains unkno...

Identifying Circular RNAs in HepG2 Expressing Genotype IV Swine Hepatitis E Virus ORF3 Via Whole Genome Sequencing.

Nov 01, 2021

Swine hepatitis E (SHE) is a new type of zoonotic infectious disease caused by swine hepatitis E virus (SHEV). Open reading frame 3 (ORF3) is a key regulatory and virulent protein of SHEV. Circular RN...

An alternative label-free DNA sensor based on the alternating-current electroluminescent device for simultaneous detection of human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis C co-infection.

Nov 01, 2021

Coinfection of HIV/HCV is a significant public health issue globally, as it increases the risk of liver cancer in co-infected individuals. The point-of-care testing (POCT) device for HIV/HCV DNA detec...

Variable Proportions of Phylogenetic Clustering and Low Levels of Antiviral Drug Resistance among the Major HBV Sub-Genotypes in the Middle East and North Africa.

Oct 25, 2021

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection remains a major public health threat in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Phylogenetic analysis of HBV can be helpful to study the putative transmission links ...

An in vitro study of an Artocarpus heterophyllus substance as a hepatitis C antiviral and its combination with current anti-HCV drugs.

Oct 18, 2021

Current therapy of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) with direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) has dramatically improved the sustained virologic response (SVR) of affected patients; however, treatment with D...

Systematic analysis of the mechanism of Xiaochaihu decoction in hepatitis B treatment via network pharmacology and molecular docking.

Oct 11, 2021

Hepatitis B (HB) is a globally prevalent infectious disease caused by the HB virus. Xiaochaihu decoction (XCHD) is a classic herbal formula with a long history of clinical application in treating HB. ...

Association of donor hepatitis C virus infection status and risk of BK polyomavirus viremia after kidney transplantation.

Oct 11, 2021

Kidney transplantation (KT) from deceased donors with hepatitis C virus (HCV) into HCV-negative recipients has become more common. However, the risk of complications such as BK polyomavirus (BKPyV) re...

Insights into the Genetic Evolution of Duck Hepatitis A Virus in Egypt.

Oct 04, 2021

Duck hepatitis virus (DHV) is one of the commercially important diseases of ducklings worldwide. It is an acute and highly infectious disease of ducklings caused by three different serotypes (1-3) of ...

Residual risk of transfusion-transmitted hepatitis B virus (TT-HBV) infection by NAT-screened blood components: A review of observed versus modeled infectivity from donors with window period and occult HBV infections.

Oct 04, 2021

The residual transfusion-transmitted hepatitis B virus (TT-HBV) risk with different testing strategies depends on the sensitivity of screening assays, the prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HB...

Syringe services programs in the Bluegrass: Evidence of population health benefits using Kentucky Medicaid data.

Sep 27, 2021

To evaluate whether Kentucky counties that established a new syringe services program realized a significant decline in the incidence rate of a set of infectious disease diagnoses commonly transmitted...

Health programmes and services addressing the prevention and management of infectious diseases in people who inject drugs in Canada: a systematic integrative review.

Sep 27, 2021

People who inject drugs (PWID) experience a high burden of injection drug use-related infectious disease and challenges in accessing adequate care. This study sought to identify programmes and service...

[Emerging infectious disease and transfusion-transmitted infection].

Sep 20, 2021

Hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV infections are well-known infectious diseases caused by blood products, but recently there have been almost no reports. In 2011, hepatitis E virus (HEV) antibody test ...

[What (general/abdominal) surgeons should know about occupational medicine? : General vaccine recommendations and postexposure prophylaxis of hepatitis B, C and HIV].

Sep 20, 2021

This article deals with the general recommendations on vaccination and postexposure prophylaxis, which can be utilized for cuts and needlestick injuries. Cuts and needlestick injuries among surgeons a...

A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Studies Evaluating the Effect of Medication Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder on Infectious Disease Outcomes.

Sep 06, 2021

The opioid epidemic has fueled infectious disease epidemics. We determined the impact of medications for opioid use disorder (MOUD) on treatment outcomes of opioid use disorder (OUD)-associated infect...

Both Full-Length and Protease-Cleaved Products of Osteopontin Are Elevated in Infectious Diseases.

Sep 06, 2021

Circulating full-length osteopontin (FL-OPN) is elevated in plasma from patients with various infectious diseases, such as adult T-cell leukemia, (TB), hepatitis virus infection, leptospirosis, acqui...

Transmission dynamic of stochastic hepatitis C model by spectral collocation method.

Sep 06, 2021

In this research work, we present an exciting mathematical analysis of a stochastic model, using a standard incidence function, for infectious disease hepatitis C transmission dynamics. In this model,...

Molecular Detection of a Novel Fowl Adenovirus Serotype-4 (FadV-4) from an Outbreak of Hepatitis Hydropericardium Syndrome in Commercial Broiler Chickens in Egypt.

Aug 26, 2021

Hepatitis hydropericardium syndrome (HHS) is an acute infectious disease caused by fowl adenovirus serotype-4 (FAdV-4), which mainly affects broilers aged 4-5 wk. During the winter of January 2021, a ...