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Hepatitis

Self-reported hepatitis C(HCV) testing among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLWH).

Aug 23, 2021

We aimed to identify disparities in self-reported HCV testing among persons living with HIV (PLWH) in Florida.We utilized a cross-sectional study of 646 PLWH from the Florida Cohort study's baseline s...

Hidden Viral Sequences in Public Sequencing Data and Warning for Future Emerging Diseases.

Aug 19, 2021

RNA viruses cause numerous emerging diseases, mostly due to transmission from mammalian and avian reservoirs. Large-scale surveillance of RNA viral infections in these animals is a fundamental step fo...

Changing Epidemiology of Liver Disease in Asia: Dual Infection of HBV and HCV.

Aug 19, 2021

Transmission of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) is similar regarding the mode of transmission and related risk factors. Therefore it is not rare to encounter dual HBV/HCV infection...

A Risk Prediction Model to Identify Newborns at Risk for Missing Early Childhood Vaccinations.

Aug 19, 2021

Approximately 30% of US children aged 24 months have not received all recommended vaccines. This study aimed to develop a prediction model to identify newborns at high risk for missing early childhood...

Comparison of HBV-DNA and HBeAg as antiviral therapeutic indicators among HBV-infected pregnant women: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Aug 16, 2021

Hepatitis B virus deoxyribonucleic acid level (HBV-DNA) ≥5.3 log10IU/mL among pregnant women was recommended as an antiviral therapeutic indicator. However, implementation of HBVDNA testing has vary...

Coexistence and management of COVID-19 pandemic with other epidemics in West Africa: lessons learnt and policy implications.

Aug 12, 2021

Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic in West Africa, the region has faced a coexistence of epidemics raising questions about the management of the coexistence between COVID-19 and other epidem...

Trends of the Global Hepatitis C Disease Burden: Strategies to Achieve Elimination.

Aug 12, 2021

Hepatitis C infection is responsible for high morbidity and mortality rates globally as well as for significant indirect costs. The disease burden caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV) is comparable t...

Machine learning takes a village: Assessing neighbourhood-level vulnerability for an overdose and infectious disease outbreak.

Aug 09, 2021

Multiple areas in the United States of America (USA) are experiencing high rates of overdose and outbreaks of bloodborne infections, including HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV), due to non-sterile injec...

Ancient viral genomes reveal introduction of human pathogenic viruses into Mexico during the transatlantic slave trade.

Aug 09, 2021

After the European colonization of the Americas there was a dramatic population collapse of the Indigenous inhabitants caused in part by the introduction of new pathogens. Although there is much specu...

Infectious Disease Relational Data Analysis Using String Grammar Non-Euclidean Relational Fuzzy C-Means.

Aug 09, 2021

Statistical analysis in infectious diseases is becoming more important, especially in prevention policy development. To achieve that, the epidemiology, a study of the relationship between the occurren...

An Interesting Case of Isolated False-Reactive Hepatitis B Surface Antigen.

Aug 05, 2021

The standard serologic markers used to diagnose hepatitis B infection include hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), hepatitis B surface antibody (anti-HBs), total hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc), ...

Genome Editing Technologies as Cellular Defense Against Viral Pathogens.

Aug 05, 2021

Viral infectious diseases are significant threats to the welfare of world populations. Besides the widespread acute viral infections (e.g., dengue fever) and chronic infections [e.g., those by the hum...

Changes in epidemiological features of vaccine preventable infectious diseases among three eras of national vaccination strategies from 1953 to 2018 in Shanghai, China.

Aug 02, 2021

Recurring outbreaks of infectious diseases highlight the importance of population vaccination strategies. We aimed to assess the impact of national vaccination strategies on vaccine-preventable infect...

Application of human liver organoids as a patient-derived primary model for HBV infection and related hepatocellular carcinoma.

Aug 02, 2021

The molecular events that drive Hepatitis B virus (HBV)-mediated transformation and tumorigenesis have remained largely unclear, due to the absence of a relevant primary model system. Here we propose ...

Factors influencing the occurrence of infectious disease outbreaks in Lebanon since the Syrian crisis.

Jul 29, 2021

Since the beginning of the Syrian crisis in 2011, the region has witnessed a major population displacement. Lebanon, a country with a population of 4.2 million, has welcomed around one million refugee...

A Continuous Model of Three Scenarios of the Infection Process with Delayed Immune Response Factors.

Jul 12, 2021

The course of an infection was modeled as a controlled nonlinear process. Understanding the substantial differences observed in the trajectory of the disease caused by the new coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 i...

Improving the detection of infectious diseases in at-risk migrants with an innovative integrated multi-infection screening digital decision support tool (IS-MiHealth) in primary care: A pilot cluster-randomized controlled trial.

Jul 12, 2021

There are major shortfalls in the identification and screening of at-risk migrant groups. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a new digital tool (IS-MiHealth) integrated into the electron...

Mobile low-threshold buprenorphine integrated with infectious disease services.

Jul 12, 2021

In 2018, the Baltimore City Health Department launched a mobile clinic called Healthcare on The Spot, which offers low-threshold buprenorphine services integrated with health care services to meet the...

[Infectious disease-related preventive measures for trainees in healthcare service and welfare].

Jul 05, 2021

Training periods in healthcare and free welfare settings are frequently obligatory. Temporary trainees frequently lack sufficient knowledge regarding hygiene and prevention of infections. Therefore, s...

Zika Virus Hijacks Extracellular Vesicle Tetraspanin Pathways for Cell-to-Cell Transmission.

Jul 05, 2021

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are membrane-encapsulated structures released by cells which carry signaling factors, proteins, and microRNAs that mediate intercellular communication. Accumulating eviden...