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HIV/AIDS

Lifestyle factors associated with sex differences in Kaposi sarcoma incidence among adult black South Africans: A case-control study.

Apr 18, 2022

Kaposi Sarcoma (KS) is endemic in several countries in Southern and Eastern Africa, relatively rare worldwide but a leading cancer among people living with HIV. KS has always been more common in adult...

Acute Kidney Injury Among Patients With HIV

Apr 08, 2022

While antiretroviral therapy has changed the paradigm for patients with HIV, these individuals still experience an increased risk for comorbid conditions, including kidney disease. “Antiretro...

Comparative Immunohistochemical Analysis of p53 and -SMA in Ameloblastoma, AOT and OKC.

Apr 04, 2022

Ameloblastoma is a benign but highly infiltrative tumour, a behaviour that is lacking in adenomatoid odontogenic tumour but partly shared by the odontogenic keratocyst which possesses a unique intrins...

Performance assessment of the new Xpert® HIV-1 viral load XC assay for quantification of HIV-1 viral loads.

Mar 21, 2022

HIV-1 RNA quantification is a key component of treatment monitoring.To assess the performance of a redesigned HIV-1 RNA quantitative assay that uses a dual-target approach: Xpert® HIV-1 Viral Load (V...

Magnesium sulfate as a potential dye additive for chlorophyll-based organic sensitiser of the dye-sensitised solar cell (DSSC).

Mar 21, 2022

In this work, a new chlorophyll dye-sensitiser derived from mitragyna speciosa (MS) leaves, also known as Kratom, was employed for dye-sensitised solar cells (DSSCs). The influence of magnesium sulfat...

Evaluation of cytokine levels in response to mitogen among HIV-1-infected blood cells and their relationships to the number of T cells.

Mar 14, 2022

Human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) infection causes loss and anergy of CD4 and CD8 T cells, leading to opportunistic infections, including tuberculosis (TB). QuantiFERON®-TB (QFT) is used as a di...

A Realist Explanatory Case Study Investigating How Common Goals, Leadership, and Committed Staff Facilitate Health in All Policies Implementation in the Municipality of Kuopio, Finland.

Mar 07, 2022

Health in All Policies (HiAP) encompasses collaboration across government and the consideration of health in various governmental sector's policies and decisions. Despite increasing advocacy, interest...

Stimulant use interventions may strengthen 'Getting to Zero' HIV elimination initiatives in Illinois: Insights from a modeling study.

Feb 28, 2022

Getting to Zero (GTZ) is an Illinois-based HIV elimination initiative. GTZ identifies younger Black men who have sex with men (YBMSM) as a population who have experienced disproportionate HIV incidenc...

Delayed cochlear implantation in congenitally deaf children-identifying barriers for targeted interventions.

Feb 28, 2022

Age of cochlear implantation (CI) is an important predictor of language development in those with congenital sensorineural hearing loss. Despite universal newborn hearing screening initiatives and the...

Does body mass index explain the apparent anti-inflammatory effects of cannabis use? Results From a cohort study of sexual and gender minority youth.

Feb 21, 2022

Cannabis use has been linked to lower systemic inflammation, but the pathways connecting cannabis use and systemic inflammation are unclear. Here we investigate whether body mass index (BMI) accounts ...

Linking emergency department patients at risk for human immunodeficiency virus to pre-exposure prophylaxis.

Feb 14, 2022

The objective of this study is to describe an Emergency Department (ED)-based, HIV prevention and navigation program and the individuals linked to an in-house clinic for HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (...

"Sex is supposed to be naturally more pleasurable": Healers as providers of holistic sexual and reproductive healthcare in Uganda.

Feb 14, 2022

Global health researchers often approach Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicine (TCAM) from a health efficacy perspective, asking whether the presence of plural medical systems helps or ...

Sex Differences in Type 2 Diabetes Prevalence Among Persons With HIV

Feb 10, 2022

“Because of modern antiretroviral therapy, persons with HIV can expect a similar life expectancy to that of a person without HIV,” says Morgan Birabaharan, MD. “However, living with the virus lo...

Race, place, and HIV: The legacies of apartheid and racist policy in South Africa.

Feb 07, 2022

Black South Africans accounted for 6.2 out of 6.4 million people living with HIV in South Africa in 2012, highlighting extreme racial disparities in HIV infection. These racial disparities are the res...

Computational pathology aids derivation of microRNA biomarker signals from Cytosponge samples.

Jan 24, 2022

Non-endoscopic cell collection devices combined with biomarkers can detect Barrett's intestinal metaplasia and early oesophageal cancer. However, assays performed on multi-cellular samples lose inform...

Synthesis and biological application of glyco- and peptide derivatives of fullerene C.

Jan 24, 2022

Fullerenes have attracted considerable attention for their possible use in human therapy. Pure C is soluble only in some organic solvents, but this could be overcome by chemical modifications. This re...

Metabolomic changes after DAAs therapy are related to the improvement of cirrhosis and inflammation in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients.

Jan 17, 2022

A better understanding of the evolution of cirrhosis after hepatitis C virus (HCV) clearance is essential since the reversal of liver injury may not happen. We aimed to assess the evolution of plasma ...

Prevalence of HIV, hepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus among incarcerated people in Iran: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Jan 17, 2022

Incarcerated people are at higher risk for HIV, Hepatitis B Virus (HBV), and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infections. This review systematically summarized the evidence on the prevalence of these infection...

A collaborative care intervention to improve opioid prescribing among providers caring for persons with HIV: Impact on satisfaction, confidence, and trust.

Jan 10, 2022

HIV clinicians report low confidence and satisfaction prescribing chronic opioid therapy (COT). We hypothesized that the Targeting Effective Analgesia in Clinics for HIV (TEACH) intervention [a system...

Implementation of an electronic patient-reported measure of barriers to antiretroviral therapy adherence with the Opal patient portal: Protocol for a mixed method type 3 hybrid pilot study at a large Montreal HIV clinic.

Jan 03, 2022

Adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) remains problematic. Regular monitoring of its barriers is clinically recommended, however, patient-provider communication around adherence is often inadequat...