Advertisement

HIV/AIDS

Emerging role of non-coding RNAs in the course of HIV infection.

Dec 27, 2021

Recent studies have shown that non-coding region of the human genome can exert important regulatory roles on critical biological functions, including response to viral infections, among them is human ...

Interest in electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation among adults with OUD in buprenorphine treatment: A mixed-methods investigation.

Dec 20, 2021

Individuals in treatment for opioid use disorder (OUD) have high smoking rates and limited success with FDA-approved cessation aids, suggesting need for novel approaches. Electronic cigarettes (e-ciga...

The Suboptimal Pediatric HIV Viral Load Cascade: Multidistrict Cohort Study Among Children Taking Antiretroviral Therapy in Lesotho, Southern Africa.

Dec 06, 2021

Children living with HIV and taking antiretroviral therapy (ART) are a priority group for routine viral load (VL) monitoring. As per Lesotho guidelines, a VL ≥1000 copies/mL ("unsuppressed") should ...

A pooled testing system to rapidly identify cattle carrying the elite controller BoLA-DRB3*009:02 haplotype against bovine leukemia virus infection.

Nov 29, 2021

As genetically resistant individuals, the "elite controllers" (ECs) of human immunodeficiency virus infection have been focused on as the keys to developing further functional treatments in medicine. ...

Technology-supported Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for chronic health conditions: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Nov 22, 2021

Chronic health conditions (CHCs) are common and associated with functional limitations. Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) shows promise in improving functioning, quality of life, and distress ac...

Tuberculosis and neurocryptococcosis by Cryptococcus neoformans molecular type VNI in A non-HIV patient: A comorbidities case report.

Nov 15, 2021

Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which is responsible for tuberculosis (TB) and Cryptococcus sp. responsible for cryptococcosis, are pathogenic microorganisms that especially affect patients infected with ...

Low-level Speech Recognition of Children with Hearing Aids.

Nov 15, 2021

For children with hearing loss, the primary goal of hearing aids is to provide improved access to the auditory environment within the limits of hearing aid technology and the child's auditory abilitie...

Human Immune Polymorphisms Associated with the Risk of Cryptococcal Disease.

Nov 01, 2021

Cryptococcus neoformans is an opportunistic fungal pathogen that can cause lethal cryptococcal meningitis (CM) in immunocompromised individuals such as those with HIV/AIDS. In addition, cryptococcal i...

Pharmacokinetics and safety of rilpivirine in healthy Japanese subjects and exploration of ethnic sensitivity of rilpivirine pharmacokinetics with physiologically based pharmacokinetic model approach.

Nov 01, 2021

Rilpivirine is a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor, used for the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus type-1 infection. An open label study was conducted to investigate the pharmacok...

Jejunal epithelial barrier disruption triggered by reactive oxygen species in early SIV infected rhesus macaques.

Oct 25, 2021

Intestinal epithelial barrier destruction occurs earlier than mucosal immune dysfunction in the acute stage of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infections. At...

A new electronically based clinical pathway for schizophrenia inpatients: A longitudinal pilot study.

Oct 18, 2021

Patients with schizophrenia, a severe chronic disorder, are characterized by resistance to therapy, lack of disease understanding, non-compliance and non-adherence, partly caused and maintained by an ...

Development, feasibility, acceptability and preliminary evaluation of the internet and mobile phone-based BSHAPE intervention for survivors of cumulative trauma.

Oct 11, 2021

Cumulative trauma exposures can have a profound effect on women's health and well-being. Black immigrant women are disproportionately affected by cumulative trauma experiences that place them at risk ...

Application of bioelectrochemical systems to regulate and accelerate the anaerobic digestion processes.

Oct 11, 2021

Anaerobic digestion (AD) serves as a potential bioconversion process to treat various organic wastes/wastewaters, including sewage sludge, and generate renewable green energy. Despite its efficiency, ...

Cochlear implant outcomes in the very elderly.

Oct 04, 2021

Managing hearing health in older adults has become a public health imperative, and cochlear implantation is now the standard of care for aural rehabilitation when hearing aids no longer provide suffic...

Mapping risk factors to climate change impacts using traditional ecological knowledge to support adaptation planning with a Native American Tribe in Louisiana.

Oct 04, 2021

Indigenous communities are often on the front-lines of climate change, and for tribes such as the Pointe-au-Chien Indian Tribe (PACIT) that make their homes and livelihoods in the dynamic landscapes o...

The Current and Potential Application of Medicinal Cannabis Products in Dentistry.

Sep 27, 2021

Oral and dental diseases are a major global burden, the most common non-communicable diseases (NCDs), and may even affect an individual's general quality of life and health. The most prevalent dental ...

Device failure caused by the dissociation of floating mass transducer in Vibrant SoundBridge®.

Sep 20, 2021

Vibrant SoundBridge® (VSB), a semi-implantable middle ear device, is one of the treatment options for patients with mild-to-severe sensorineural hearing loss or mixed hearing loss. Herein, we report ...

Carrier-free micellar CpG interacting with cell membrane for enhanced immunological treatment of HIV-1.

Sep 06, 2021

Unmethylated CpG motifs activate toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9), leading to sequence- and species-specific immune stimulation. Here, we engineered a CpG oligodeoxyribonucleotide (ODN) with multiple hydro...

Emergence and evolution of big data science in HIV research: Bibliometric analysis of federally sponsored studies 2000-2019.

Sep 06, 2021

The rapid growth of inherently complex and heterogeneous data in HIV/AIDS research underscores the importance of Big Data Science. Recently, there have been increasing uptakes of Big Data techniques i...

Silk Suture Granuloma 37 Years After Scleral Buckle Surgery: A Case Report.

Sep 06, 2021

To present a rare presentation of pyogenic granuloma arising almost 4 decades after a scleral buckle for retinal detachment.We describe the clinical presentation, diagnostic workup, and management of ...