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Pregnancy

Maternal Obesity During Pregnancy Continues to Rise

Jan 31, 2020

The pandemic of obesity during pregnancy now afflicts 1 out of every 2 pregnant women in the United States. Even though unintended pregnancy has decreased to 45% of all pregnancies, 50% of those unint...

CDC Releases First Data on Maternal Mortality Since 2007

Jan 31, 2020

FRIDAY, Jan. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics has released the first national data on maternal mortality since 200...

Relationships between psychosocial factors during pregnancy and preterm birth in Puerto Rico.

Jan 30, 2020

Psychosocial stress during pregnancy has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes including preterm birth (PTB). This has not been studied in Puerto Rico, an area with high PTB rates. Our objec...

Moderate prenatal stress may buffer the impact of Superstorm Sandy on placental genes: Stress in Pregnancy (SIP) Study.

Jan 30, 2020

The placenta plays a central role in the epigenetic programming of neurodevelopment by prenatal stress (PS), but this pathway is not fully understood. It difficult to study in humans because the condi...

Goal-directed therapy with bolus albumin 5% is not superior to bolus ringer acetate in maintaining systemic and mesenteric oxygen delivery in major upper abdominal surgery: A randomised controlled trial.

Jan 24, 2020

Goal-directed therapy (GDT) is increasingly used in abdominal surgery. Whether crystalloids can exert the same effect as colloid, and how this may affect perfusion, is still unclear. The effect of GDT...

Pregnancy Status is Associated With Screening for Alcohol and Other Substance Use in the Emergency Department.

Jan 24, 2020

Determine the rates of screening for substance use in pregnant women versus non-pregnant women attending the emergency department (ED).We captured all ED visits by women of childbearing age (12-50 yea...

Measurements of circulating progesterone and estrone sulfate concentrations as a diagnostic and prognostic tool in porcine pregnancy revisited.

Jan 24, 2020

The main goal of this study was to examine the utility of measuring systemic concentrations of steroid hormones, namely progesterone (P) and estrone sulfate (ES), for monitoring the progression of por...

A comparison of commercial modified-live PRRSV-1 and PRRSV-2 vaccines against a dual heterologous PRRSV-1 and PRRSV-2 challenge in late term pregnancy gilts.

Jan 24, 2020

This study compared the efficacy, in terms of reproductive performance, of a porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV)-1 or PRRSV-2 modified-live virus (MLV) vaccine against a dual h...

Regulation of Pregnancy: Evidence for Major Roles by the Uterine and Placental Kisspeptin/KISS1R Signaling Systems.

Jan 24, 2020

Several studies provide strong evidence suggesting that in addition to central kisspeptin/KISS1R signaling, the peripheral uterine- and placental-based kisspeptin/KISS1R signaling systems are major re...

Associations of Prenatal and Childhood Antibiotic Exposure With Obesity at Age 4 Years.

Jan 23, 2020

Although antibiotics are associated with obesity in animal models, the evidence in humans is conflicting.To assess whether antibiotic exposure during pregnancy and/or early childhood is associated wit...

Stillbirth Among Arab Women in Canada, 1981-2015.

Jan 23, 2020

The Arabic-speaking population is increasing in Europe and North America. Evidence suggests that Arab migrants have a greater risk of adverse birth outcomes than nonmigrants, but the risk of stillbirt...

Junctional Zone Endometrium Morphological Characteristics and Functionality: Review of the Literature.

Jan 23, 2020

The junctional zone endometrium (JZE) is a compacted layer of smooth muscle cells with little extracellular matrix. The innermost myometrium adjacent to the endometrium, JZE is best visualized and eva...

IRON DEFICIENCY, A RISK FACTOR FOR THYROID AUTOIMMUNITY DURING SECOND TRIMESTER OF PREGNANCY IN CHINA.

Jan 23, 2020

Previous studies have reported an association between iron deficiency (ID) and increased thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPO-ab) during early pregnancy. The objective of this study was to explore the re...

Association of Parity and Breastfeeding With Risk of Early Natural Menopause.

Jan 23, 2020

Pregnancy and breastfeeding prevent ovulation and may slow the depletion of the ovarian follicle pool. These factors may lower the risk of early menopause, a condition associated with increased risk o...

Preventing Postoperative Vaginal Delivery Infection

Jan 20, 2020

Research indicates that both caesarean birth and operative vaginal birth (forceps or vacuum extraction) are associated with an increased risk of postnatal infection. While multiple trials have shown t...