Ophthalmology General - Physician's Weekly


Advertisement

Ophthalmology General

Ocular morbidity among children (aged 6-18 yr) of the tribal area of Melghat, India: A community-based study.

Nov 27, 2023

Most of the ocular morbidities among school children are preventable or treatable. Melghat, a difficult to access, hilly, forest, tribal area with poorly developed infrastructure in the Amravati distr...

Treatment of Dry Eye Disease (DED) in Asia: Strategies for Short Tear Film Breakup Time-Type DED.

Nov 27, 2023

Dry eye disease (DED) is a multifactorial disorder in which tear fluid homeostasis is lost, resulting in increased tear film osmolarity and ocular surface irritation. In Asia, the short tear film brea...

Single-Cell Transcriptome Sequencing Unveils Unveils Proinflammatory Microenvironment in Dry Eye Disease

Nov 27, 2023

Dry eye disease (DED) is a prevalent chronic eye disease characterized by an aberrant inflammatory response in ocular surface mucosa. The immunological alterations underlying DED remain largely unknow...

Connection Exists Between Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration & Neurodegenerative Disorders

Nov 27, 2023

Neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) is a leading cause of irreversible visual impairment in the elderly. The current management of nAMD is limited and involves regular intravitreal adm...

Novel Role of Molecular Hydrogen: The End of Ophthalmic Diseases?

Nov 27, 2023

Molecular hydrogen (H) is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas which displays non-toxic features at high concentrations. H can alleviate oxidative damage, reduce inflammatory reactions and inhibit...

Arterial spin labeling reveals disordered cerebral perfusion and cerebral blood flow-based functional connectivity in primary open-angle glaucoma.

Nov 27, 2023

Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is a widespread neurodegenerative condition affecting brain regions involved in visual processing, somatosensory processing, motor control, emotional regulation and ...

Incidence of primary open angle glaucoma in the Andhra Pradesh Eye Disease Study (APEDS).

Nov 27, 2023

To report 15-year incidence rate of primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) in the Andhra Pradesh Eye Disease Study (APEDS).A population-based longitudinal study was carried out at three rural study sites....

[Effectiveness and interest of retrobulbar hyaluronidase injections in the treatment of blindness complicating facial hyaluronic acid injections: A literature review].

Nov 20, 2023

Hyaluronic acid injections are becoming increasingly common among both the general public and the medical community, but they are not without risks. The occurrence of blindness, although rare, is a tr...

High myopia is protective against diabetic retinopathy in the participants of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

Nov 20, 2023

To investigate the association of subjects with refractive error and diabetic retinopathy (DR) in the United States comparing results between different race groups.All data were derived from National ...

Exploration of the pathophysiology of high myopia via proteomic profiling of human corneal stromal lenticules.

Nov 20, 2023

This study aimed to investigate the underlying pathophysiology of high myopia by analyzing the proteome of human corneal stromal lenticule samples obtained through small incision lenticule extraction ...

The potential benefits of polyphenols for corneal diseases.

Nov 20, 2023

The cornea functions as the primary barrier of the ocular surface, regulating temperature and humidity while providing protection against oxidative stress, harmful stimuli and pathogenic microorganism...

Recent advances in age-related meibomian gland dysfunction (ARMGD).

Nov 20, 2023

Meibomian glands (MGs), located within the tarsal plate of the eyelid, secrete meibum which is the lipid-rich secretion necessary for stabilizing the tear film and preventing tear evaporation. Changes...

Intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor injections in pregnancy and breastfeeding: a case series and systematic review of the literature.

Nov 20, 2023

Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) agents may occasionally need to be considered for sight-threatening macular pathology in pregnant and breastfeeding women. This is controversial due...

Developing screening tools to estimate the risk of diabetic kidney disease in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Nov 20, 2023

Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is an important microvascular complication of diabetes mellitus (DM).This study aimed to develop predictive nomograms to estimate the risk of DKD in patients with type 2 ...

Nationwide analysis of neuromyelitis optica in systemic lupus erythematosus and Sjogren's syndrome.

Nov 20, 2023

Neuromyelitis optica (NMO), also known as Devic's disease, is a rare inflammatory demyelinating disorder causing myelitis and optic neuritis. While there have been reports of systemic lupus erythemato...

Potency of teleophthalmology as a detection tool for diabetic retinopathy.

Nov 13, 2023

In China, the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy (DR) is increasing, so it is necessary to provide convenient and effective community outreach screening programs for DR, especially in rural and remote...

Advances in mesenchymal stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles therapy for Sjogren's syndrome-related dry eye disease.

Nov 13, 2023

Sjogren's syndrome (SS) is a chronic autoimmune disorder that affects exocrine glands, particularly lacrimal glands, leading to dry eye disease (DED). DED is a common ocular surface disease that affec...

Intraocular cetuximab: Safety and effect on axial elongation in young Guinea pigs with lens-induced myopization.

Nov 13, 2023

This study aimed to examine the intraocular tolerability of the epidermal growth factor receptor antibody cetuximab, when applied intravitreally, and its effect on axial elongation. Guinea pigs aged 2...

The corneal biomechanical differences after wearing orthokeratology lenses and multifocal soft lenses in children: A self-control study.

Nov 13, 2023

To compare the changes in corneal biomechanics after orthokeratology (OK) lens and Defocus Incorporated Soft Contact (DISC) lens treatment.Of 28 myopic children were recruited, with one eye wearing OK...

Platelet-rich plasma for treating dry eye disease - A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Nov 13, 2023

Dry eye disease has public health and economic significance. Platelet-rich plasma is rich in anti-inflammatory agents and growth factors, both beneficial for ocular surface repair. This study aimed to...