Orthopedics - Physician's Weekly - Page 66
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Orthopedics

Association between comorbidities and extraglandular manifestations in primary Sjögren's syndrome: a multicenter cross-sectional study.

Mar 09, 2020

Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) has been related to a higher risk of comorbidities, but studies examining comorbidities among patients with and without extraglandular manifestations are limited. The...

Two Cases of Periprosthetic Fracture After Surgery for Acute Midfoot Charcot.

Mar 05, 2020

Charcot neuroarthropathy is a rare condition that often results in deformity of the foot and ankle, with a high incidence of ulceration and a high risk of amputation. Traditionally, treatment of the a...

Tibial Nail Combined with Vacuum Sealing Drainage for Gustilo Grade IIIB Open Tibial Fractures: A Patient Series.

Mar 05, 2020

Gustilo grade IIIB open tibial fractures are relatively difficult to treat. We investigated the treatment effects of tibial intramedullary nails combined with vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) for Gustilo...

Ankle Bracing Alters Coordination and Coordination Variability in Individuals With and Without Chronic Ankle Instability.

Mar 05, 2020

Ankle bracing is an effective form of injury prophylaxis implemented for individuals with and without chronic ankle instability, yet mechanisms surrounding bracing efficacy remain in question. Ankle b...

[Ocular Motor Nerve Palsies Caused by Paragliding Accidents].

Mar 05, 2020

Paragliding is a risk-taking adventure sport. It can be performed either individually or accompanied by a pilot in tandem formation. Paragliding, as well as other types of "extreme" sport, have gained...

Operative Management of a Pediatric Talar Body and Neck Fracture: A Case Report.

Mar 05, 2020

Pediatric talus fractures are rare injuries that generally result from high-energy trauma. The relative elasticity of pediatric bone is thought to contribute to the lower rate of fracture in children....

Kaposi Sarcoma Inflammatory Cytokine Syndrome Presenting as Infection: A Case Report.

Mar 05, 2020

Kaposi sarcoma inflammatory cytokine syndrome is a rare and fatal malignancy that is challenging to treat. The syndrome appears in individuals who are both human immunodeficiency virus and human herpe...

Total Hip Arthroplasty for High Hip Dislocation.

Mar 05, 2020

Total hip arthroplasty in patients with high hip dislocation is a surgically demanding procedure. This is due to the congenital disorder of hip maturation and the resulting anatomical features. The ai...

Pretransplant Genetic Susceptibility: Clinical Relevance in Transplant-Associated Thrombotic Microangiopathy.

Mar 05, 2020

Transplant-associated thrombotic microangiopathy (TA-TMA) is a life-threatening complication of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). We hypothesized that pretransplant genetic suscepti...

Proteomic and Transcriptomic Approaches for Studying Bone Regeneration in Health and Systemically Compromised Conditions.

Mar 05, 2020

Bone regeneration is a complex biological process, where the molecular mechanisms are only partially understood. In an ageing population, where the prevalence of chronic diseases with an impact on bon...

Evolution of Fatigue Damage in the L5-S1 Intervertebral Disc Resulting from Walking Exposures Among Persons with Lower Limb Loss.

Mar 02, 2020

The risk of fatigue damage within the L5-S1 spinal disc was calculated for a sample of 52 individuals with unilateral limb loss (26 transtibial; 26 transfemoral) and 26 uninjured controls using a non-...

Human serum mast cell tryptase levels in elbow fractures or dislocations and its association with injury severity.

Mar 02, 2020

Mast cells contain an abundance of tryptase, and preclinical models have shown elevated serum mast cell tryptase (SMCT) in the setting of post-traumatic joint contractures. Therefore, SMCT emerged as ...

In Vivo Testing of a Prototype Intradural Spinal Cord Stimulator in a Porcine Model.

Mar 02, 2020

Chronic midline low back pain is the number one reason for disability in the United States despite the prolific use of medical and surgical interventions. Notwithstanding the widespread use of epidura...

Learning curve of robot-assisted percutaneous kyphoplasty for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures.

Mar 02, 2020

There are few reports on the robot-assisted percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF), and we aim to explore the learning curve of the robot-assisted PKP f...

Hyperphosphatemia with low FGF7 and normal FGF23 and sFRP4 levels in the circulation characterizes pediatric hypophosphatasia.

Mar 02, 2020

Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is the inborn-error-of-metabolism caused by loss-of-function mutation(s) of the ALPL gene that encodes the tissue-nonspecific isoenzyme of alkaline phosphatase (TNSALP). TNSALP ...

Clinical utility of new three-dimensional model using a zero-echo-time sequence in endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery.

Mar 02, 2020

Recognizing the anatomical orientation surrounding the sellar floor is crucial in endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery (ETSS). Zero-echo-time (ZTE) sequences were recently suggested for a new ...

Prosthetic rehabilitation of maxillary and mandibular gunshot defects with fixed basal implant-supported prostheses: A 5-year follow-up case report.

Mar 02, 2020

Gunshot injuries to the oral maxillofacial region have serious aesthetic and functional consequences.A 32-year-old male patient presented with a marginal mandibular resection owing to a gunshot wound....

β-Elemonic acid inhibits the growth of human Osteosarcoma through endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-mediated PERK/eIF2α/ATF4/CHOP activation and Wnt/β-catenin signal suppression.

Mar 02, 2020

Osteosarcoma (OS) is a significant threat to the lives of children and young adults. Although neoadjuvant chemotherapy is the first choice of treatment for OS, it is limited by serious side-effects an...

Prevent action of magnoflorine with hyaluronic acid gel from cartilage degeneration in anterior cruciate ligament transection induced osteoarthritis.

Mar 02, 2020

According to the Chinese medicine, magnoflorine exerted significant anti-inflammatory effects and potentially promoted synthesis of proteoglycans in chondrocytes to reverse the progression of rheumato...

Case Study: Resumption of Eumenorrhea in Parallel With High Training Load After 4 Years of Menstrual Dysfunction: A 5-Year Follow-Up of an Elite Female Cyclist.

Feb 28, 2020

The female athlete triad is a condition where low energy availability is typically observed together with menstrual dysfunction and/or low bone mineral density. How this condition affects maximal work...