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Asthma

Therapeutic potential of plant-derived tannins in non-malignant respiratory diseases.

Apr 05, 2021

Respiratory diseases are the major cause of human illness and death around the world. Despite advances in detection and treatment, very few classes of safe and effective therapy have been introduced t...

Real-life impact of COVID-19 pandemic lockdown on the management of pediatric and adult asthma: a survey by the EAACI Asthma Section.

Mar 29, 2021

The restrictions imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic impact heavily the management of chronic diseases like asthma. This study aimed to evaluate the management of adults and children with asthma during C...

Association between asthma and influenza vaccine uptake among US adolescents: a retrospective survey study.

Mar 25, 2021

Despite longstanding recommendations for children with asthma to receive the influenza vaccine, vaccine uptake in this population remains low. We used the nationally representative National Immunizat...

Effect of 8 Weeks of Incremental Aerobic Training on Inflammatory Mediators, Cardiorespiratory Indices, and Functional Capacity in Obese Children With Bronchial Asthma.

Mar 25, 2021

To appraise the effects of incremental aerobic training (IAT) on systemic inflammatory mediators, cardiorespiratory indices, and functional capacity in obese children with bronchial asthma.This study ...

Snorkelling and breath-hold diving fatalities in New Zealand, 2007 to 2016.

Mar 25, 2021

New Zealand's (NZ) long coastline offers a diverse underwater environment with abundant opportunities for harvesting seafood and for recreation. Fatalities from snorkelling/breath-hold diving have bee...

The Airway Microbiota Modulates Effect of Azithromycin Treatment for Episodes of Recurrent Asthma-like Symptoms in Preschool Children: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Mar 18, 2021

Rationale Childhood asthma is often preceded by recurrent episodes of asthma-like symptoms, which can be triggered by both viral and bacterial agents. Recent randomized controlled trials have shown th...

Chitinase-Induced Airway Hyperreactivity and Inflammation in a Mouse Model of Nonallergic Asthma.

Mar 18, 2021

Environmental exposure to mites and fungi has been proposed to critically contribute to the development of IgE-mediated asthma. A common denominator of such organisms is chitin. Human chitinases have ...

Radical versus Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery for Osteitis in Chronic Rhinosinusitis.

Mar 18, 2021

Osteitis in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a predictive factor of disease severity and an important potential reason for disease recalcitrance. Other than medical treatment, transnasal endoscopic sur...

Clinical analysis of adenovirus postinfectious bronchiolitis obliterans and nonadenovirus postinfectious bronchiolitis obliterans in children.

Mar 11, 2021

Postinfectious bronchiolitis obliterans (PIBO) is an uncommon and severe form of chronic obstructive lung disease in children. Adenovirus (ADV) is the main pathogen of PIBO in children. However, the r...

Expert recommendations on the role of macrolides in chronic respiratory diseases.

Mar 11, 2021

India contributes to 32% of the total global disability-adjusted life years, due to chronic respiratory diseases. This has led to a high rate of health loss from these diseases. Antibiotics are common...

Combination of ipratropium bromide and salbutamol in children and adolescents with asthma: A meta-analysis.

Feb 25, 2021

A combination of ipratropium bromide (IB) and salbutamol is commonly used to treat asthma in children and adolescents; however, there has been a lack of consistency in its usage in clinical practice.T...

Measures of ventilation heterogeneity mapped with hyperpolarized helium-3 MRI demonstrate a T2-high phenotype in asthma.

Feb 25, 2021

Hyperpolarized gas with helium (HHe-3) MR (magnetic resonance) is a noninvasive imaging method which maps and quantifies regions of ventilation heterogeneity (VH) in the lung. VH is an important featu...

Luteolin inhibits autophagy in allergic asthma by activating PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling and inhibiting Beclin-1-PI3KC3 complex.

Feb 25, 2021

Allergic asthma is a common chronic inflammatory disease characterized by airway inflammation, mucus hypersecretion and airway remodeling. Autophagy is a highly conserved intracellular degradation pat...

Prenatal and perinatal home environment and reported onset of wheeze, rhinitis and eczema symptoms in preschool children in Northern China.

Feb 22, 2021

Early life environment can affect asthma and allergies but few cohort studies on this issue are available from China. Our aim was to investigate reported onset of childhood wheeze, rhinitis and eczema...

Comparative analysis between available challenge tests in the hyperventilation syndrome.

Feb 22, 2021

The hyperventilation syndrome (HVS) is characterized by somatic/ psychological symptoms due to sustained hypocapnia and respiratory alkalosis without any organic disease.The purpose of this study was ...

School nurses' available education to manage children with asthma at schools: A scoping review.

Feb 22, 2021

Despite reports that asthma is the leading cause of school absenteeism and the third leading cause of hospitalization in children under 15 years, little is known about how school nurses are educated ...

Dietary intake in adults on hemodialysis compared with guideline recommendations.

Feb 18, 2021

Clinical practice guidelines of dietary management are designed to promote a balanced diet and maintain health in patients undergoing haemodialysis but they may not reflect patients' preferences. We a...

The nasal microbiome, nasal transcriptome, and pet sensitization.

Feb 18, 2021

Pet allergies are common in children with asthma. Microbiota and host responses may mediate allergen sensitization.To uncover host-microbe relationships in pet allergen sensitization via joint examina...

Identification of an allergenic calmodulin from Amaranthus palmeri pollen.

Feb 18, 2021

Pollens are an important source of allergens that trigger rhinitis or asthma. The allergenic extracts of pollens used to diagnose and treat allergies contain different allergenic antigens. Isolated al...

Patient selected treatment goals in severe asthma.

Feb 15, 2021

Goal orientated healthcare accounts for patient preferences and values, not just physician treatment aims. The GINA management strategy states clinicians should elicit patient's own treatment goals as...

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