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Obesity

Is there any association between age at menarche and anthropometric indices? A 15-year follow-up population-based cohort study.

Mar 09, 2020

Anthropometric indices (AI) have been known to be associated with age at menarche (AAM). The aim of this longitudinal study was to evaluate the changes in AI and its association with AAM in a communit...

The metabolic implications of aquaporin 7 (AQP7) promoter variants in lean children and children with obesity.

Mar 09, 2020

AQP7, a water/glycerol transporting protein, regulates adipocyte glycerol efflux and influences lipid and glucose homeostasis. Altered AQP7 expression in adults leads to impaired glycerol dynamics, ad...

Quality of life and psychopathology in candidates to bariatric surgery: relationship with BMI class.

Mar 09, 2020

This cross-sectional study aimed at comparing the quality of life (Qol), the prevalence of psychiatric diagnosis and pharmacological treatment in 104 candidates to bariatric surgery according to the d...

Integrating Diabetes Prevention Education Among Teenagers Involved in Summer Employment: Encouraging Environments for Health in Adolescence (ENHANCE).

Mar 09, 2020

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) in youth is a growing healthcare and public health concern. It is costly, and youth suffer from disabling and deadly comorbid conditions at a faster pace than adult onset. Howeve...

Rotavirus Vaccination, Type 1 Diabetes Not Linked in Children

Mar 09, 2020

MONDAY, March 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Rotavirus vaccination seems not to be associated with type 1 diabetes in children, according to a study published online March 9 in JAMA Pediatrics. Jason M....

The Influence of Gender, Age, and Body Mass Index on Arch Height and Arch Stiffness.

Mar 05, 2020

Arch structure and arch function play an important role in maintaining balance, bearing body weight, and absorbing ground reaction forces. However, arch structure and arch function are known to vary e...

Does Body Mass Index Cause a Clinical Difference in Simultaneous Bilateral and Unilateral Knee Arthroplasty?

Mar 05, 2020

This study aims to investigate clinical and functional factors in patients undergoing unilateral and simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA) who were classified into subgroups of nonobese...

Mitochondrial dysfunction in age-related metabolic disorders.

Mar 05, 2020

Ageing is a natural biological process in living organisms characterized by receding bioenergetics. Mitochondria are crucial for cellular bioenergetics and thus an important contributor to age-related...

Low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 deficiency in cardiomyocytes reduces susceptibility to insulin resistance and obesity.

Mar 02, 2020

Low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1) plays a key role in fatty acid metabolism and glucose homeostasis. In the context of dyslipemia, LRP1 is upregulated in the heart. Our aim was...

Circulating and tissue specific transcription of angiopoietin-like protein 4 in human Type 2 diabetes.

Mar 02, 2020

Obesity is associated with adipose tissue (AT) dysfunction marked by cellular hypertrophy, inflammation, hypoxia and fibrosis. Angiopoietin-like protein 4 (ANGPTL4) inhibits lipoprotein lipase which r...

Assessing Malnutrition before Major Oncologic Surgery: One Size Does Not Fit All.

Mar 02, 2020

There are multiple definitions for malnutrition, without evidence of superiority of any one definition to assess preoperative risk. Therefore, to aid in identification of patients that might warrant p...

Social and clinical predictors of short- and long-term readmission after a severe exacerbation of copd.

Feb 28, 2020

The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictive ability of multiple social, and clinical factors for readmission after a severe acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD) during various time periods.We ...

Effect of Aspiration Therapy on Obesity-Related Comorbidities: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Feb 28, 2020

Aspiration therapy (AT) involves endoscopic placement of a gastrostomy tube with an external device that allows patients to drain 30% of ingested calories after meals. Its efficacy for inducing weight...

A review of distribution, extraction methods and health benefits of bound phenolics in food plants.

Feb 25, 2020

Phenolic compounds are important functional bioactive substances distributed in various food plants. They have gained wide interests from researchers due to their multiple health benefits. There are t...

Osteosarcopenic obesity markers following elastic band resistance training: A randomized controlled trial.

Feb 25, 2020

The main purpose of present study was to investigate the effects of elastic band resistance training (EBRT) on muscle quality (MQ), serum osteosarcopenic obesity (OSO) biomarkers, bone density and fun...

Placental extract ameliorates liver fibrosis in a methionine- and choline-deficient diet-induced mouse model of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis.

Feb 25, 2020

Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a severe form of fatty liver disease that is defined by the presence of inflammation and fibrosis, which ultimately leads to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcin...

Sedentary Behavior, Activity Linked to Depression at Age 18

Feb 13, 2020

THURSDAY, Feb. 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Sedentary behavior throughout adolescence is associated with the risk for depressive symptoms at age 18 years, according to a study published online Feb. 11...

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