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Diet & Nutrition

Indian Reality of Clinical Practice and Patient Profile in Diabetes Care: Lessons from the IMPACT survey.

May 23, 2022

India shoulders a heavy burden of diabetes mellitus (DM), the management of which is suboptimal globally.& Objectives: Insulin Management: Practical Aspects in Choice of Therapy (IMPACT) survey wa...

The Benefits of Higher Protein Intake During Caloric Restriction

May 20, 2022

While patients who are dieting to reduce body weight might try to maintain protein intake, protein levels often fall below what is recommended. Although previous studies have reported on the ef...

Complex gastroschisis with apple peel jejunoileal atresia, primary closure, and Santulli procedure as a surgical alternative. Case report.

Apr 25, 2022

Gastroschisis is a closure defect of the abdominal wall classified as complex when it presents with necrosis, volvulus, or atresia of the gastrointestinal tract. Jejunoileal atresia is caused by abnor...

Japanese dace (Tribolodon hakonensis) fish freshness estimation using front-face fluorescence spectroscopy coupled with chemometric analysis.

Apr 11, 2022

Although fish and its related products are good sources of protein and unsaturated fatty acids, like omega-3 in the human diet, their shelf-life is limited by biochemical and microbial changes. In thi...

Female Patient Perceptions on Financial Incentives to Promote Follow-Up After Bariatric Surgery.

Apr 04, 2022

Financial incentives to promote recommended behaviors have been applied in many healthcare settings, but to our knowledge, have never been tested as a strategy to improve patient follow-up after baria...

Aggregation and conformational change of mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) polyphenol oxidase subjected to atmospheric cold plasma treatment.

Mar 28, 2022

Atmospheric cold plasma (ACP) is a novel nonthermal technology with potential applications in maintaining and improving food quality. The effect of ACP on the activity and structure of mushroom (Agari...

Association of Physical Activity and Nutritional Intake with Muscle Quantity and Quality Changes in Acute Stroke Patients.

Mar 21, 2022

To evaluate longitudinally the muscle properties of acute stroke patients and examine the association between physical activity and nutritional intake.This study enrolled 21 stroke patients (72.7±10....

Lifestyle Factors & Cancer Survival Prediction Models

Feb 28, 2022

There's abundant evidence that diet and lifestyle factors drive the risk for developing certain cancers, notably colon cancer, explains Charles S. Fuchs, MD, MPH. These factors, he says, include diets...

Legitimacy of Front-of-Pack Nutrition Labels: Controversy Over the Deployment of the Nutri-Score in Italy.

Feb 28, 2022

Front-of-pack nutrition labels (FoPLs) aim at increasing transparency and consumers' awareness of the nutritional composition of pre-packed food products in order to improve the nutritional quality of...

Oral Immunotherapy Efficacious for Childhood FA

Feb 23, 2022

“Childhood food allergy (FA) is steadily increasing globally and represents a serious public health problem for the 3% to 8% children affected,” explains Antonella Muraro, MD, PhD. “FA is also t...

Effect of low-protein corn and soybean meal-based diets on nitrogen utilization, litter quality, and water consumption in broiler chicken production: insight from meta-analysis.

Feb 21, 2022

The growing demand for high-value animal protein must be met using sustainable means that optimize the utilization of nutrients, especially nitrogen (N) so that excreta do not over-fertilize fields an...

Metabolic Effects of a Hydrophobic Alginate Derivative and Tetrahydrolipstatin in Rats Fed a Diet Supplemented with Palm Fat and Cholesterol.

Feb 14, 2022

The effects of octadecylamide of alginic acid (amidated alginate) and tetrahydrolipstatin on serum and hepatic cholesterol, and the faecal output of fat and sterols, were investigated in rats. Amidate...

Diverse Diet in First Year of Life May Cut Risk of Allergic Diseases

Feb 01, 2022

“Diet is a crucial environmental factor in early life that impacts the development of allergic diseases,” explains Nianhong Yang, MD. However, research regarding the relationship between diet dive...

Association Between Adherence to the MIND Diet and Cognitive Performance is Affected by Income: The ELSA-Brasil Study.

Jan 31, 2022

The relationship between the Mediterranean-DASH Diet Intervention for Neurodegenerative Delay (MIND) diet and cognition has not been widely investigated in low- to middle-income countries. We investig...

Intestinal failure-associated liver disease in the neonatal ICU: what we know and where we're going.

Jan 24, 2022

Parenteral nutrition is an integral part of the care of infants in the neonatal ICU. However, prolonged use of parenteral nutrition can be associated with adverse outcomes, most notably parenteral nut...

Metabolomics analysis of urine from rats given long-term high-protein diet using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry.

Jan 17, 2022

Previous studies have indicated high-protein diet (HPD) promotes weight loss and improves metabolic parameters, but most of these studies have focused on the impact of short-term, long-term effects re...

Consumers' perception towards eggs from laying hens fed commercial black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) larvae meal-based feeds.

Jan 10, 2022

Increased demand for animal protein has motivated the search for more efficient livestock production systems. In recent years, there has been growing interest to incorporate insect meal as an alternat...

Assessing an Activity Tracker to Increase Motivation for Physical Activity in T2D

Dec 14, 2021

Physical inactivity is a well-documented contributor to premature mortality, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and type 2 diabetes (T2D). “Adopting healthy habits, such as regular physical activity, goo...

Arsenic exposure from drinking water and staple food (rice): A field scale study in rural Bengal for assessment of human health risk.

Nov 29, 2021

Arsenic is a well-known carcinogen with emerging reports showing a range of health outcomes even for low to moderate levels of exposure. This study deals with arsenic exposure and associated increased...

Factors Impacting Long-Term Gastrostomy Tube Dependence in Infants with Congenital Heart Disease.

Nov 22, 2021

Infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) often experience oral feeding intolerance requiring gastrostomy (GT). Complications related to GT use are common. The study aim was to identify factors asso...