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Eating Disorders

Bariatric surgery in adolescents with obesity - long term perspectives and potential alternatives.

Nov 15, 2021

Severe obesity among adolescent shows a worrisome trend in regard of its increasing prevalence and poses a great challenge for treatment. Conservative measures have modest effects on weight loss, usua...

Concurrent validity of the Brazilian Portuguese version of the Questionnaire on Eating and Weight Patterns-5 (QEWP-5) in the general population.

Sep 27, 2021

The Questionnaire on Eating and Weight Patterns-5 is a self-report instrument developed for the screening of Binge Eating Disorder (BED) and Bulimia Nervosa (BN) according to DSM-5. The present study ...

Thyroid dose estimates for the genome-wide association study of thyroid cancer in persons exposed in Belarus to 131I after the Chernobyl accident.

Sep 20, 2021

The Chernobyl accident on 26 April 1986 led to a sharp increase in thyroid cancer (TC) incidence in the individuals exposed to radiation in childhood. The major risk factor for TC was exposure to Iodi...

Maternal separation alters the reward system of activity-based anorexia rats.

Sep 06, 2021

Maternal separation (MS) is a known chronic stressor in the postnatal period and when associated with another paradigm like the activity-based anorexia (ABA) rat model, causes different effects in the...

An empirical evaluation of the diagnostic threshold between full-threshold and sub-threshold bulimia nervosa.

Jul 29, 2021

Previous research has failed to find differences in eating disorder and general psychopathology and impairment between people with sub- and full-threshold bulimia nervosa (BN). The purpose of the curr...

Trophic interactions of reef-associated predatory fishes (Hexagrammos otakii and Sebastes schlegelii) in natural and artificial reefs along the coast of North Yellow Sea, China.

Jun 14, 2021

Large reef-associated predatory fishes play important roles in aquatic ecosystem along coast because of their ecological functions and economic values to recreational and commercial fisheries. This st...

A Pragmatic Family-Centered Approach to Childhood Obesity Treatment: What Do Children & Parents Want?

May 07, 2021

Family-based weight-management programs (WMPs) are increasingly being used to provide multidisciplinary treatment for children and families with obesity, according to Amanda E. Staiano, PhD. With WMPs...

Salvia-Nelumbinis naturalis extract protects mice against MCD diet-induced steatohepatitis via activation of colonic FXR-FGF15 pathway.

Apr 19, 2021

Salvia-Nelumbinis naturalis (SNN) formula is a traditional Chinese medicine prescription, and has been confirmed to be effective in treating non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), but the underlying me...

Childhood Overweight, Obesity & the Physical Activity Environment

Apr 14, 2021

Childhood obesity affects more than 18% of children in the United States and continues to be a significant health issue throughout the country. “Achieving and maintaining healthy weight, nutrition, ...

Effects of low-carbohydrate diet and ketogenic diet on glucose and lipid metabolism in type 2 diabetic mice.

Apr 12, 2021

With the prevalence of diabetes worldwide, it is urgent to find a suitable treatment. Recently, the ketogenic diet has shown beneficial effects in reducing blood glucose, but some concerns have been r...

supplementation ameliorates high fat diet-induced oxidative stress in nephrotoxic rats.

Mar 22, 2021

Dietary high fat possibly causes oxidative stress; also it makes deleterious effect on kidney functions and land up in lipotoxicity in renal tissue. Lipotoxicity is the pathological situation where li...

Micronutrient supplementation needs more attention in patients with refractory epilepsy under ketogenic diet treatment.

Feb 25, 2021

This study evaluated the adequacy of micronutrient intake from the ketogenic diet (KD) with and without micronutrient supplementation according to age in Brazilian children and adolescents with refrac...

Dietary anthocyanin-rich extract of açai protects from diet-induced obesity, liver steatosis, and insulin resistance with modulation of gut microbiota in mice.

Feb 25, 2021

Açai is a rich source of anthocyanins and has been used as a dietary supplement and as an active pharmaceutical ingredient. Growing evidence indicates that host-microbial interactions played a vital ...

New Frontiers of Body Composition in Sport.

Feb 25, 2021

The body composition phenotype of an athlete displays the complex interaction among genotype, physiological and metabolic demands of a sport, diet, and physical training. Observational studies dominat...

Circumcision with plastic Alisclamp technique in 4733 boys: Our experiences to reduce complications.

Feb 22, 2021

We aim to report the outcomes of circumcisions performed with Alisclamp and our experiences to reduce the complications. Materia and methods: Complications among circumcised males with Alisclamp betwe...

High-fat, high-fructose diet lowers digesta weight and SCFA levels in cecal digesta (in vivo study in rats).

Feb 22, 2021

This study aimed to analyze the effect of a high-fat and high-fructose diet (HFFD) on the digesta weight and short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) levels of cecaldigesta in rats.This study was an experimental...

[Modern approaches to the treatment of meibomian gland dysfunction].

Feb 22, 2021

The eyelids are a delicate and complex dynamic structure with primary function to protect the eye surface. The term «meibomian gland dysfunction» (MGD) first appeared in the mid-1980s. This lesion i...

Prurigo Pigmentosa: Demographics and Characteristics in 14 Caucasian Patients.

Feb 18, 2021

Prurigo pigmentosa (PP) is an inflammatory dermatosis typically reported in young Asian women and characterized by recurrent papulovesicular lesions resolving with a postinflammatory reticulated hyper...

Modified EUS-guided double-balloon-occluded gastroenterostomy bypass (M-EPASS): a pilot study.

Feb 18, 2021

Introduction We recently developed a double balloon device (DBD), using widely available existing technology, to facilitate EUS-gastroenterostomy. Our aim is to assess the feasibility of this modified...

Health literacy as a determinant of childhood and adult obesity: a systematic review.

Feb 18, 2021

To assess whether Health Literacy (HL) acts as a determinant of obesity in adults and children by synthesizing the results of recent scientific evidence.This is a systematic qualitative review followi...