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Eating Disorders

Effects of Taraxacum mongolicum Hand.-Mazz. (dandelion) on growth performance, expression of genes coding for tight junction protein and mucin, microbiota composition and short chain fatty acids in ileum of broiler chickens.

May 16, 2022

Dandelion is becoming an exploitable alternative to the widely prohibited antibiotics in the poultry production. This research aimed to investigate the effects of dandelion on the growth performance a...

The Impact of Exclusive Enteral Nutrition on the Gut Microbiome of Children with Medical Complexity.

May 09, 2022

Children with medical complexity (CMC) often require enteral tube feedings to meet their nutritional needs. Many, however, experience symptoms of feeding intolerance, such as vomiting and pain. The go...

Influence of dietary vitamin E and selenium supplementation on broilers subjected to heat stress, Part I: Growth performance, body composition and intestinal nutrient transporters.

Apr 25, 2022

High ambient temperature is one of the most common stressors in modern poultry production, resulting in reduced feed intake, weight gain, and increased mortality. This study evaluated the effects of v...

Isotopic and elemental characterization of Romanian pork meat in corroboration with advanced chemometric methods: A first exploratory study.

Apr 25, 2022

In this study 93 pork meat samples (tenderloin) were analyzed via isotope ratios mass spectrometry (δH, δO, δC) and inductively coupled plasma - Mass spectrometry (55 elements). The meat samples ar...

Plasma levels of triglycerides and IL6 are associated with weight regain and fat mass expansion.

Apr 04, 2022

Long-term weight loss (WL) maintenance is the biggest challenge for overweight and obesity due to the almost unavoidable phenomenon of partial or even total weight regain (WR) after WL. In the current...

Metabolic fingerprinting using Rapid evaporative ionisation mass spectrometry can discriminate meat quality and composition of lambs from different sexes, breeds and forage systems.

Mar 28, 2022

Assurance of food quality and allied farming systems is increasingly sought by consumers and food processors. Yet, there are no validated analytical approaches for food-based verification of farming s...

Ectopic papilla of Vater in the pylorus presenting with cholangitis: A case report with literature review.

Mar 21, 2022

The papilla of Vater is situated in the second part of the duodenum. The current study aims to report a rare occurrence of an ectopic papilla of Vater in the pyloric region presenting with cholangitis...

Racial Disparities in Prostate Cancer: Evaluation of Diet, Lifestyle, Family History, and Screening Patterns.

Mar 07, 2022

Racial disparities in prostate cancer incidence and mortality rates are considerable. We previously found in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS) that African American men had an 80% higher...

Low levels of proinflammatory cytokines in a transdiagnostic sample of young male and female early onset eating disorders without any previous treatment: A case control study.

Feb 28, 2022

Growing interest exists in the association of the immune system and its role in the development and maintenance of eating disorders (ED). Current evidence suggests that serum cytokine levels seem to b...

Laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal hernioplasty for bilateral obturator hernias and left inguinal hernia with emaciation caused by anorexia nervosa: A case report.

Jan 24, 2022

A 55-year-old woman receiving treatment for anorexia nervosa presented with abdominal pain and right thigh pain. Her body mass index was 12.9 kg/m . Computed tomography showed fluid storage in the di...

Bariatric surgery in adolescents with obesity - long term perspectives and potential alternatives.

Nov 15, 2021

Severe obesity among adolescent shows a worrisome trend in regard of its increasing prevalence and poses a great challenge for treatment. Conservative measures have modest effects on weight loss, usua...

Concurrent validity of the Brazilian Portuguese version of the Questionnaire on Eating and Weight Patterns-5 (QEWP-5) in the general population.

Sep 27, 2021

The Questionnaire on Eating and Weight Patterns-5 is a self-report instrument developed for the screening of Binge Eating Disorder (BED) and Bulimia Nervosa (BN) according to DSM-5. The present study ...

Thyroid dose estimates for the genome-wide association study of thyroid cancer in persons exposed in Belarus to 131I after the Chernobyl accident.

Sep 20, 2021

The Chernobyl accident on 26 April 1986 led to a sharp increase in thyroid cancer (TC) incidence in the individuals exposed to radiation in childhood. The major risk factor for TC was exposure to Iodi...

Maternal separation alters the reward system of activity-based anorexia rats.

Sep 06, 2021

Maternal separation (MS) is a known chronic stressor in the postnatal period and when associated with another paradigm like the activity-based anorexia (ABA) rat model, causes different effects in the...

An empirical evaluation of the diagnostic threshold between full-threshold and sub-threshold bulimia nervosa.

Jul 29, 2021

Previous research has failed to find differences in eating disorder and general psychopathology and impairment between people with sub- and full-threshold bulimia nervosa (BN). The purpose of the curr...

Trophic interactions of reef-associated predatory fishes (Hexagrammos otakii and Sebastes schlegelii) in natural and artificial reefs along the coast of North Yellow Sea, China.

Jun 14, 2021

Large reef-associated predatory fishes play important roles in aquatic ecosystem along coast because of their ecological functions and economic values to recreational and commercial fisheries. This st...

A Pragmatic Family-Centered Approach to Childhood Obesity Treatment: What Do Children & Parents Want?

May 07, 2021

Family-based weight-management programs (WMPs) are increasingly being used to provide multidisciplinary treatment for children and families with obesity, according to Amanda E. Staiano, PhD. With WMPs...

Salvia-Nelumbinis naturalis extract protects mice against MCD diet-induced steatohepatitis via activation of colonic FXR-FGF15 pathway.

Apr 19, 2021

Salvia-Nelumbinis naturalis (SNN) formula is a traditional Chinese medicine prescription, and has been confirmed to be effective in treating non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), but the underlying me...

Childhood Overweight, Obesity & the Physical Activity Environment

Apr 14, 2021

Childhood obesity affects more than 18% of children in the United States and continues to be a significant health issue throughout the country. “Achieving and maintaining healthy weight, nutrition, ...

Effects of low-carbohydrate diet and ketogenic diet on glucose and lipid metabolism in type 2 diabetic mice.

Apr 12, 2021

With the prevalence of diabetes worldwide, it is urgent to find a suitable treatment. Recently, the ketogenic diet has shown beneficial effects in reducing blood glucose, but some concerns have been r...