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Exercise & Fitness

Body mass-normalized moderate dose of dietary nitrate intake improves endothelial function and walking capacity in patients with peripheral artery disease.

Jun 24, 2021

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is characterized by the accumulation of atherosclerotic plaques in the lower extremity conduit arteries, which impairs blood flow and walking capacity. Dietary nitrate ...

Advances in Automated Piston Liquid-Liquid Microextraction Technique.

Jun 24, 2021

A new automated micro liquid-liquid extraction technique was successfully developed. This novel syringe-based technique capitalizes on the advantages of vigorous fluid agitation and the shearing effec...

Preoperative high intensity interval training for oncological resections: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Jun 24, 2021

Exercise prehabilitation prior to major surgery targets a reduction in postoperative complications through improved conditioning and respiratory function. However its effectiveness in cancer surgery i...

The repeatability of measurements of male pelvic floor anatomy and function made from transperineal ultrasound images of healthy men and those before and after prostatectomy.

Jun 17, 2021

To investigate the inter- and intratester repeatability of measurement of the location and displacement of five pelvic landmarks related to pelvic floor muscles with transperineal ultrasound (TPUS) im...

Hormonal stress responses of growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor-I in highly resistance trained women and men.

Jun 14, 2021

The purpose of this study was to examine the responses of growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGFI) to intense heavy resistance exercise in highly trained men and women to determine ...

Computer modelling of heat strain responses of exercising personnel in tropical climate.

Jun 14, 2021

Physiologically based thermoregulatory models are useful for deriving predictions of heat strain for pragmatic applications such as planning of continuous exercise/work-rest protocols. The SCENARIO mo...

Skeletal Muscle Mitochondrial Function following a 100-km Ultramarathon: A Case Study in Monozygotic Twins.

Jun 10, 2021

Very little research has investigated the effects of ultra-endurance exercise on the bioenergetic status of muscle. The primary objective of this case study was to characterize the changes that occur ...

Neither Peristaltic Pulse Dynamic Compressions nor Heat Therapy Accelerate Glycogen Resynthesis following Intermittent Running.

Jun 10, 2021

To investigate the effects of a single session of either peristaltic pulse dynamic leg compressions (PPDC) or local heat therapy (HT) following prolonged intermittent shuttle running on skeletal muscl...

On the Move clinic: A fall prevention nurse practitioner-driven model of care.

Jun 07, 2021

Falls in older adults are common and interventions to reduce associated morbidity and mortality remain difficult to implement. This quality improvement project evaluated On the Move, a new clinic desi...

Investigation of the effect of training on serotonin, melatonin and hematologic parameters in adolescent basketball players.

Jun 07, 2021

Exercise can improve both health and mood. Some beneficial effects of exercise are attributed to endocrine status. This study aims to evaluate the effect of eight weeks of basketball training on melat...

Nutrition information-seeking behaviour of Indonesian pregnant women.

Jun 03, 2021

To investigate Indonesian pregnant women's experiences in seeking and receiving nutrition information.Qualitative semi-structured interviews analysed with thematic analysis.Twenty-three pregnant women...

Prevalence and contributory factors of anxiety and depression among pregnant women in the post-pandemic era of COVID-19 in Shenzhen, China.

May 31, 2021

Pregnant women are emotionally vulnerable and have suffered great psychological impacts. Following the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak, a study was undertaken of the prevalence of, and fa...

Development and effectiveness of tabletop exercises in preparing health practitioners in violence prevention management: A sequential explanatory mixed methods study.

May 31, 2021

Workplace violence in healthcare remains a significant issue for healthcare professional, in terms of risk to patients and staff. One part of a workplace violence prevention and management programme i...

The role of the informal and formal organisation in voice about concerns in healthcare: A qualitative interview study.

May 31, 2021

The importance of employee voice-speaking up and out about concerns-is widely recognised as fundamental to patient safety and quality of care. However, failures of voice continue to occur, often with ...

Age-dependent relationship of cardiorespiratory fitness and white matter integrity.

May 24, 2021

Growing evidence has linked cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) to more conserved white matter (WM) microstructure. Additional research is needed to determine which WM tracts are most strongly related to ...

Evaluating teamwork development in combat training settings: An exploratory case study utilising the Junior Leaders' Field Gun competition.

May 24, 2021

A behaviourally-anchored observational rating scale (BAORS) of teamwork based upon the 'Big Five' teamwork model (Salas et al., 2005) was selected and adapted for use in a combat training setting - a ...

Relationships between patterns of technology-based weight-related self-monitoring and eating disorder behaviors among first year university students.

May 17, 2021

To identify patterns of technology-based weight-related self-monitoring (WRSM) and assess associations between identified patterns and eating disorder behaviors among first year university students.Fi...

Functional performance tests in interstitial lung disease: Impairment and measurement properties.

May 17, 2021

There is limited information regarding impairment in functional performance tests and their measurement properties in ILD. The present study aimed to verify the impairment and measurement properties o...

Respiratory muscle training and exercise ventilation while diving at altitude.

May 13, 2021

Pre-dive altitude exposure may increase respiratory fatigue and subsequently augment exercise ventilation at depth. This study examined pre-dive altitude exposure and the efficacy of resistance respir...

Variability in venous gas emboli following the same dive at 3,658 meters.

May 13, 2021

Exposure to a reduction in ambient pressure such as in high-altitude climbing, flying in aircrafts, and decompression from underwater diving results in circulating vascular gas bubbles (i.e., venous g...