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Primary Care General

The Benefits of Higher Protein Intake During Caloric Restriction

May 20, 2022

While patients who are dieting to reduce body weight might try to maintain protein intake, protein levels often fall below what is recommended. Although previous studies have reported on the ef...

#VisualAbstract: Increased Physical Activity Is a Long-Term Protective Factor for Dementia

May 20, 2022

1. Physical activity was significantly associated with a decreased incidence of all-cause dementia and Alzheimer’s disease, irrespective of follow-up length, baseline age and study quality. 2...

Non-communicable disease prevention in Kosovo: quantitative and qualitative assessment of uptake and barriers of an intervention for healthier lifestyles in primary healthcare.

May 16, 2022

Smoking, physical inactivity, low fruit and vegetable consumption, and obesity are common in Kosovo. Their prevention is a priority to relieve the health system of from costly non-communicable disease...

Preoperative and Postoperative Cognitive Assessment in Geriatric Patients Following Acute Traumatic Injuries: Towards Improving Geriatric Trauma Outcomes.

May 16, 2022

A growing percentage of the US population is over the age of 65, and geriatrics account for a large portion of trauma admissions, expected to reach nearly 40% by 2050. Cognitive status is important fo...

A randomized trial on the efficacy of split-body versus full-body resistance training in non-resistance trained women.

May 16, 2022

The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of a 12-week upper/lower split- versus a full-body resistance training program on maximal strength, muscle mass and explosive characteristics. Fifty re...

Outcomes for a custom-made anchor-like plate combined with cerclage in the treatment of inferior pole patellar fracture.

May 16, 2022

An inferior pole fracture of the patella requires surgical treatment to restore the knee extension mechanism of the knee joint. Different from other types of patellar fractures, inferior pole fracture...

Effects of Taraxacum mongolicum Hand.-Mazz. (dandelion) on growth performance, expression of genes coding for tight junction protein and mucin, microbiota composition and short chain fatty acids in ileum of broiler chickens.

May 16, 2022

Dandelion is becoming an exploitable alternative to the widely prohibited antibiotics in the poultry production. This research aimed to investigate the effects of dandelion on the growth performance a...

Factors influencing tooth loss in European populations.

May 16, 2022

This study aimed to identify the factors influencing the changes in the number of teeth present, and the number of healthy or filled surfaces between two time-points.Repeated cross-sectional data from...

Comparison of the Phytochemical Variation of Non-Volatile Metabolites within Mother Tinctures of Prepared from Fresh and Dried Whole Plant Using UHPLC-HRMS Fingerprinting and Chemometric Analysis.

May 16, 2022

L. has been recognized for centuries as an herbal remedy to treat wounds and promote healing. It also has a long tradition of use in homeopathy. Depending on its medicinal utilization, standardizatio...

Title of research article: An exploration of nurses' knowledge, attitudes and intentions regarding restraint use in elderly residential care facilities.

May 16, 2022

In Ireland, there is a regulatory focus on restraint minimisation in elderly residential care facilities. Consistent with this focus, this study aimed to explore and identify the relationship between ...

Development and pilot evaluation of an educational session to support sparing opioid prescriptions to opioid naïve patients in a Canadian primary care setting.

May 16, 2022

Prescribing rates of some analgesics decreased during the public health crisis. Yet, up to a quarter of opioid-naïve persons prescribed opioids for noncancer pain develop prescription opioid use diso...

Comparison of the 22nd World Health Organization Model List of Essential Medicines with the explicit criteria for the treatment of chronicity in elderly patients.

May 09, 2022

This study analysed whether the Model List of Essential Medicines is suitable for elderly patients. Furthermore, it investigated the specific issues that should be considered when prescribing a drug a...

Experience in geriatric patients at the Gastrointestinal Surgery Department of the Hospital Español, Mexico, 2013-2019. Five-year experience in GI surgery in geriatric patients.

May 09, 2022

The aging of the population is one of the most widely studied and impactful social phenomena of this century. Up to 25% of all emergency hospital admissions can be due to diseases that require general...

Knee Muscles Strength Can be Improved by Using an Elastic Band as an Assistive Device for Knee-Ankle Complex.

May 09, 2022

BACKGROUND There are various tools and methods used for strength exercise. Elastic bands, one of the resistance exercise tools, have been used for various purposes, including muscle strengthening; how...

The Impact of Exclusive Enteral Nutrition on the Gut Microbiome of Children with Medical Complexity.

May 09, 2022

Children with medical complexity (CMC) often require enteral tube feedings to meet their nutritional needs. Many, however, experience symptoms of feeding intolerance, such as vomiting and pain. The go...

The accuracy of an extramedullary femoral cutting system in total knee arthroplasty in patients with severe coronal femoral bowing: a radiographic study.

May 09, 2022

Intramedullary (IM) femoral alignment instrument is imprecise for the coronal alignment in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in patients with severe lateral bowing of the femur, while the extramedullary (...

Pulmonary sclerosing pneumocytoma: clinical features and prognosis.

May 02, 2022

Pulmonary sclerosing pneumocytoma is a kind of rare benign pulmonary tumor with potential malignancy. The clinical features, risk factors for prognosis, and optimal treatment have not been identified ...

Association of propofol induction dose and severe pre-incision hypotension among surgical patients over age 65.

May 02, 2022

We aimed to study the association between propofol induction dose (mg/kg) and pre-incision severe hypotension (Mean Arterial Pressure (MAP) ≤ 55 mmHg) among patients ≥65 years of age.Retrospec...

Inter-observer agreement of preoperative cardiopulmonary exercise test interpretation in major abdominal surgery.

May 02, 2022

Accurate determination of cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) derived parameters is essential to allow for uniform preoperative risk assessment. The objective of this prospective observational study ...

Development and tuning of the microwave resonant cavity of a cryogenic cesium atomic fountain clock.

May 02, 2022

A cryogenic cesium atomic fountain clock is a novel clock with the microwave cavity and atomic free flight region placed in liquid nitrogen. On the one hand, the blackbody radiation shift is reduced a...