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Obesity

Mother-Infant Dyads with COVID-19 at an Urban, Safety-Net Hospital: Clinical Manifestations and Birth Outcomes.

Apr 15, 2021

 This study aimed to describe maternal characteristics and clinical outcomes of infants born to mothers with positive severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) tests during pregna...

Childhood Overweight, Obesity & the Physical Activity Environment

Apr 14, 2021

Childhood obesity affects more than 18% of children in the United States and continues to be a significant health issue throughout the country. “Achieving and maintaining healthy weight, nutrition, ...

supplementation ameliorates high fat diet-induced oxidative stress in nephrotoxic rats.

Mar 22, 2021

Dietary high fat possibly causes oxidative stress; also it makes deleterious effect on kidney functions and land up in lipotoxicity in renal tissue. Lipotoxicity is the pathological situation where li...

Tailoring Obesity Messages for Pediatrics

Mar 18, 2021

Unhealthy diet, excessive screen time, and inadequate physical activity have been identified as critical childhood obesity risk factors, but lack of access to healthy food and food insecurity also con...

The Link Between Teen Chewing Pace & Obesity

Feb 26, 2021

Obesity is a complex, multifactorial condition that is highly prevalent among adolescents. Eating “style”—in particular, behavioral aspects of chewing—may be an important aspect of body weigh...

Subgroup analysis of the relationship between polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and rheumatoid arthritis: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2003-2014.

Feb 25, 2021

The present study examined potential effect modifiers between polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) exposure and the development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and elucidated the relationship between PA...

New Frontiers of Body Composition in Sport.

Feb 25, 2021

The body composition phenotype of an athlete displays the complex interaction among genotype, physiological and metabolic demands of a sport, diet, and physical training. Observational studies dominat...

The association between eating frequency with alertness and gastrointestinal complaints in nurses during the night shift.

Feb 25, 2021

We investigated the association of the number of eating occasions and energy intake with alertness and gastrointestinal (GI) complaints in nurses during their night shift. During this observational st...

Circumcision with plastic Alisclamp technique in 4733 boys: Our experiences to reduce complications.

Feb 22, 2021

We aim to report the outcomes of circumcisions performed with Alisclamp and our experiences to reduce the complications. Materia and methods: Complications among circumcised males with Alisclamp betwe...

High-fat, high-fructose diet lowers digesta weight and SCFA levels in cecal digesta (in vivo study in rats).

Feb 22, 2021

This study aimed to analyze the effect of a high-fat and high-fructose diet (HFFD) on the digesta weight and short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) levels of cecaldigesta in rats.This study was an experimental...

[Modern approaches to the treatment of meibomian gland dysfunction].

Feb 22, 2021

The eyelids are a delicate and complex dynamic structure with primary function to protect the eye surface. The term «meibomian gland dysfunction» (MGD) first appeared in the mid-1980s. This lesion i...

Prurigo Pigmentosa: Demographics and Characteristics in 14 Caucasian Patients.

Feb 18, 2021

Prurigo pigmentosa (PP) is an inflammatory dermatosis typically reported in young Asian women and characterized by recurrent papulovesicular lesions resolving with a postinflammatory reticulated hyper...

Modified EUS-guided double-balloon-occluded gastroenterostomy bypass (M-EPASS): a pilot study.

Feb 18, 2021

Introduction We recently developed a double balloon device (DBD), using widely available existing technology, to facilitate EUS-gastroenterostomy. Our aim is to assess the feasibility of this modified...

Health literacy as a determinant of childhood and adult obesity: a systematic review.

Feb 18, 2021

To assess whether Health Literacy (HL) acts as a determinant of obesity in adults and children by synthesizing the results of recent scientific evidence.This is a systematic qualitative review followi...

Can we use copeptin as a biomarker for masked hypertension or metabolic syndrome in obese children and adolescents?

Feb 15, 2021

Copeptin, the C-terminal part of arginine-vasopressin, is increased in hypertensive adolescents and closely associated with metabolic syndrome (MS). We aimed to investigate whether serum copeptin can ...

Relationship of acanthosis nigricans with metabolic syndrome in obese children.

Feb 15, 2021

Acanthosis nigricans is a skin symptom in obesity that helps to identify patients at high risk for dyslipidemia, hypertension, insulin resistance, and diabetes. It is the most important complication o...

Tyrosine metabolism in health and disease: slow-release amino acids therapy improves tyrosine homeostasis in phenylketonuria.

Feb 15, 2021

Phenylalanine (Phe) hydroxylase (PAH) deficiency leads to hyperphenylalaninemia (HPA) and tyrosine (Tyr) depletion. We investigated Tyr homeostasis in patients with PAH deficiency and the effect of a ...

The natural compound rutaecarpine promotes white adipocyte browning through activation of the AMPK-PRDM16 axis.

Feb 11, 2021

The prevalence of obesity is increasing globally and is associated with many metabolic disorders, such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. In recent years, a number of studies suggest that...

Mixture effects of a fungicide and an antibiotic: Assessment and prediction using a decomposer-detritivore system.

Feb 11, 2021

Antimicrobials, such as fungicides and antibiotics, pose a risk for microbial decomposers (i.e., bacteria and aquatic fungi) and invertebrate detritivores (i.e., shredders) that play a pivotal role in...

Facilitators to healthy canteen policy implementation: A qualitative approach.

Feb 11, 2021

Governments across the world use guidelines and policy to support improving the quality and nutrition in school canteens, yet little is known about what makes for a success in supporting school cantee...