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Obesity

Life Style and Behavioural Factors are Associated with Stroke Recurrence Among Survivors of First Episode of Stroke: A Case Control Study.

Feb 08, 2021

Secondary stroke prevention treatment is associated with an 80% reduction in risk of recurrent stroke. But one out of every four strokes are recurrent. Adherence to pharmacological therapy and strict ...

Perfluoroalkyl substances and sex hormones in postmenopausal women: NHANES 2013-2016.

Feb 08, 2021

Although an alteration in sex hormones has been linked to perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in premenopausal women and girls, whether such associations exist in postmenopausal women remains uncertain.T...

Stratification of population in NHANES 2009-2014 based on exposure pattern of lead, cadmium, mercury, and arsenic and their association with cardiovascular, renal and respiratory outcomes.

Feb 08, 2021

Environmental exposure to toxic metals is an important risk factor to human health. Traditional methods have examined associations between a health endpoint and exposure to heavy metals by either univ...

Effects of protein source and lipid supplementation on conservation and feed value of total mixed ration silages for finishing beef cattle.

Feb 04, 2021

The objective of this study was to examine the conservation process and feed value of total mixed ration (TMR) silages. In Exp. 1 we evaluated the fermentation pattern and aerobic stability of TMR sil...

Prevention of Gestational Diabetes: The Role of Dietary Intake, Physical Activity, and Weight before, during, and between Pregnancies.

Feb 04, 2021

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is the most common complication of pregnancy and a significant clinical and public health problem with lifelong and intergenerational adverse health consequences fo...

Exploring the relationship between appetitive behaviours, executive function, and weight status among preschool children.

Feb 04, 2021

The goal was to conduct exploratory analysis to determine if executive functions (EFs) and food responsiveness/satiety responsiveness (appetitive behaviours that describe one's tendency to eat in the ...

Milk performance and rumen microbiome of dairy cows as affected by the inclusion of corn silage or corn shredlage in a total mixed ration.

Feb 01, 2021

Corn silage (CS) is the most common forage used to feed dairy cows with inclusion rates typically around 20-40% of the diet DM. In recent years, the use of corn shredlage (SDL) has been proposed as a ...

Beet pulp substituted for corn silage and barley grain in diets fed to dairy cows in the summer months: feed intake, total-tract digestibility, and milk production.

Feb 01, 2021

The responses of dairy cows to the substitution of beet pulp (BP) for grain or forage are not consistent, and heat stress may affect the response of dairy cows to this substitution. The effects of sub...

Baseline red blood cell and breast milk DHA levels affect responses to standard dose of DHA in lactating women on a controlled feeding diet.

Feb 01, 2021

The importance of providing the newborn infant with docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) from breast milk is well established. However, women in the United States, on average, have breast milk DHA levels of 0.2...

Association of Physical Activity and Sitting Time with Overweight/Obesity in Chinese Occupational Populations.

Jan 28, 2021

The aim of this study was to explore association of physical activity and sitting time with overweight/obesity in Chinese occupational populations for the development of intervention and prevention st...

A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Clinical Trial of High-Dose, Short-Term Vitamin D Administration in the Prevention of Acute Kidney Injury after Cardiac Surgery.

Jan 28, 2021

Acute kidney injury (AKI) after cardiac surgery is a relatively common complication affecting short- and long-term survival. The renoprotective effect of vitamin D (VitD) has been confirmed in several...

The European Association for the Study of Obesity (EASO) Endorses the Milan Charter on Urban Obesity.

Jan 28, 2021

The Milan Charter on Urban Obesity highlights the challenges of urban environments as a battleground for human health, as cities are often organized to subvert public health goals, and promote rather ...

CME: Trends in Obesity-Associated Cancers

Nov 12, 2020

This course discusses a study that examined whether a shift of obesity-associated cancer burden toward younger age groups has occurred in recent years....

The Impact of Physical Activity & Sedentary Behavior on Fracture Risk

Jul 05, 2020

Regular physical activity, including lighter-intensity activities, and less sedentary time appear to be associated with a lower risk of fracture in older postmenopausal women. Fracture risk ...

Trends in Obesity-Associated Cancers

May 19, 2020

Research has shown that obesity accelerates the development of certain cancers, including cancers of the digestive tract, gynecologic cancers, and multiple myeloma. I led a team of researchers from th...

Diabesity: The Tricky Devil in times of COVID-19

May 08, 2020

We are fighting multiple health devils in our daily lives. While COVID-19 is the most recent one, it’s important that we do not lay our eyes off a few of those healthcare issues that have been affli...

Effect of Tannic Acid on Nutrition and Activities of Detoxification Enzymes and Acetylcholinesterase of the Fall Webworm (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae).

Feb 17, 2020

Plant tannins, polyphenolic plant secondary metabolites are involved in important chemical defense processes in plants. In this study, tannic acid was used as the standard of plant tannins to determin...

Reliable Phylogenetic Regressions for Multivariate Comparative Data: Illustration with the MANOVA and Application to the Effect of Diet on Mandible Morphology in Phyllostomid Bats.

Feb 17, 2020

Understanding what shapes species phenotypes over macroevolutionary timescales from comparative data often requires studying the relationship between phenotypes and putative explanatory factors or tes...

Comparison of Single-Incision and Conventional Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy for Morbid Obesity: a Meta-Analysis.

Feb 17, 2020

Single-incision laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SILSG) has been proposed as an alternative to conventional laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (CLSG) in obese patients. This study aims to compare the sur...

Psychosocial Factors that Inform the Decision to Have Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Utilization in Ethnically Diverse Patients.

Feb 17, 2020

Metabolic and bariatric surgery (MBS) is currently the only clinically proven method of weight loss that is effective in treating severe obesity and its related comorbidities. However, only about 36% ...